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the 7th Camerons arrived on the bill. Being 
the senior officer present, he took colnmand 
and planted the I-Ieadquarters flag of his 
Battalion on the top. It was his business 
to recall the van of the advance, now lost 
in the fog and smoke of the eastern slopes, 
and to entrench himseH on the summit, 
The lZedoubt was now out of out hands. 
and the line taken tan just under the crest 
on the west, and was continued North of 
loos by the 46th Brigade. To retire the van 
was no light task. Two officers whose 
names deserve tobe remembered, Major 
Chrichton of the Ioth Gordons, and Major 
Barron of the 7th Camerons, volunteered 
for the desperate mission. They fell in the 
task, but the order reached the stragglers, and 
they began to fight their way back. In 
the midst of encircling tire it was a forlorn 
hope, and few returned to the British lines 
on the hill. 11 down the slopes towards 
Loos lay the tartans Gordon and Black 
Watch, Seaforth and Cameron, like the 
drift left on the shore when the ride bas 
ebbed."John Buchan, in "'Nelso' ttisto,y 
f the IVar.'" 

7 TH 




C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., 
Lieut. Colonel NORMAN MACLEOD 
C.M.G., D.S.O. 


FOREWORD, .. .. 
I. EARL¥ DAYS ..... 
6. THE SALIENT, 1917, .. 
9- BUZANCY ....... 


.. 161 
•. 169 


THE 7TH CAMERONS ON HILL 7 o, .. Frontispiece 
Faoiag Pago 
D.S.O ............ 40 

D.S.O., .......... 8o 





Lieut.-Generai Sir F. W. N. M'CRACKEN, K.C.B., D.S.O. 
Major-General H. F. THUILLIER, C.B., C./CI.G. 
Major-General H. L. REED, V.C., C.B., C./VkG. 

HAVING commanded the 5th (Scottish) 
Division for two years and a quarter, I have 
followed with deep interest this history of the 
7th Cameron Highlanders. 
I ara convinced that all who read of the 
gallant deeds performed by this Battalion, in 
company with the other I3attalions of the x5th 
(Scottish) Division, in the service of their King 
and Country, will be stirred with an intense 
feeling of pride in the achievements of their 
countrymen recorded in this little book. 
The Battalion has indeed nobly maintained 
the splendid traditions of the Queen's Own 
Cameron Itighlanders. 


THIS is a great story. A narrative of the 
adventures in training camps, in billets and 
trenches, in battles and in periods of test, of 
one of the units of that splendid body of Inen 
known as the " New Arinies " which sprang 
into being in 1914 under the inspiration of 
Lord Kitchener. A story of coinradeship, 
endeavour and sacrifice in the great cause. 
By far the greater part of it deals with the 
periods of fighting, and itis doubtful whether 
any of the New Ariny units saw Inore, for the 
fainous ISth Scottish Division, of which the 
7th Cainerons forined part, was one of the 
earliest of the new divisions to go to the front 
and take a place in the line, and its record 
includes the battles of Loos, the Soinine, Arras 
1917, Ypres I917, the Gerinan attack on Arras 
m 1918, and the capture of Buzancy in the 
Soissons area in August 1918, as part of the 
Ioth French Ariny under General Mangin. 
I had two opportunities during the war of 
judging the fighting qualities of the ISth 
Division. The first was when serving with the 
ISt Division, which attacked alongside the 
ISth at Loos. The energy and enthusiasin with 
which the Scotsinen prepared for the attack, 
and the dash and determinationwith which they 
executed it, excited the highest adiniration of 
their regular coinrades of the Ist Division. 
The two divisions served in the saine Corps for 
soine Inonths in the ensuing winter, succeeding 
each other in and out of the water-logged trench 
lines of the Loos Salient, and the adiniration 


aroused by their action in the battle was 
deepened by the observation of their soldierly 
qualities under the trying conditions of trench 
warfare in winter. 
The second rime I »vas a more intimate 
observer, for I had the supreme privilege of 
being appointed to the command of the I5th 
Division in June, 1917, just as it was entering 
the Ypres Salient to take part in the desperate 
and bloodv fighting of the efforts to capture 
{he Passclendaele Ridge. Its personnel had 
largely changed, owing to the casualties of the 
Somme and Arras, but the Scottish fighting 
spirit was there still, and the dour and stubborn 
valour with which, after seizing and holding the 
Frezenberg Ridge, they essayed again and again 
to win the concrete defences of Borry Farm, Beck 
I-Iouse, Iberian I-Iouse, etc., under indescribable 
conditions of rnud, shell-fire and gas, forms a 
story which has hot yet been fully told. 
In this fighting, as in all the other operations 
of the Diision, the 7th Camerons bore a full and 
gallant share. The last of the German efforts 
to retake the Frezenberg Ridge was broken up 
by a skilfully led counter-attack by a company 
of this Battalion with one of the 8th Seaforths. 
The last rime I sa»v the 7th Camerons was 
after the return of the Division to the Arras 
Sector in Septernber, I9-r 7, when they were 
encamped in Blangy Park in the ScarpeValley. 
To men who had been through what they had 
it »vas, as the narrator says, a delightful change 
and test. But test, although more than well 


earned, was not accompanied by any slackness 
or Ioss of discipline. I was particularly struck 
by the state of their camp, its excellent order 
and cleanliness ; cooking and sanital" arrange- 
ments ail that they should be, the men healthy 
and in good spirits. A rapid recovery after 
heavy fighting is a mark of a first-class battalion. 
Colonel Norman A{acleod had the good 
fortune to serve with the Battalion from the day 
it crossed the Channel til! it was amalgamated 
with the 6th Camerons in June, 1918 (except 
a short time when recovering from wounds). He 
commanded it for 15 months, and subsequently 
commanded the combined 6th/7th Battalion 
until the end. It would be a record of which 
any one might well be proud merely to have 
taken part in the great events comprised in 
that period, but to bave commanded this 
splendid battalion, and to have been with it 
from its first raising in Scotland to is victorious 
entry into Brussels after the armistice, during 
ail the period it was gathering its imperishable 
laurels and adding lustre to the name of 
the historic regiment whose name it bears, 
is an honour which he probably would hot 
change for any other, however high. 
It is well that such stories should be told. 
To the survivors of the events they narrate 
they are a reminder of great days and great 
Iriendships. To future generations of Scottish 
lads they will be an inspiration. 
3o/5/22- Major-General. 



THIS modest record of the services of a great 
battalion in the Great War adds yet another 
page to the glorious history of " The Queen's 
Own " Cameron Highlanders. 
I had the honour fo command the ISth 
(Scottish) Division fJom October, I9I 7, to Match, 
1918. During the first year of that period 
this Battalion, or perhaps I should say these 
Battalions, for the 6th, the 7th and the 6/7th 
Cameron Highlanders are almost insepafable 
in my mind, were mosL severely tried on many 
occasions in battle, most notably in front of 
Arras in Match, I918, and South of Soissons in 
July, 1918. 
The authors state that the battle of the 28th 
March, I918, was probably the heaviest fighting 
in which the 7th tattalion ever took pari. 
Lieut.-General Sir Charles Fergusson, Command- 
ing the XVII. Corps, when the great German 
attack was foreseen, had warned the I5th 
Division that it was in a " Post of I-Ionour," 
adding : " I ara glad that it is in the hands of a 
Scottish Division, who I lmow will never let the 
enemy pass." Again on the 29th Match, after 
the great attack, General Fergusson wired: 
"I knew you could be relied on to stick it out 
to the end. There are fresh troops in support 
of you now, but I want the honour of holding 
Arras to be yours alone." 
General Ludendorff, in his Memoirs, practi- 
cally attributes the turning point of his hopes 
of success to the failure of the I7th German 
Army to capture the heights East and North 


of Arras, this " in spite of employing a vast 
amount of artillery and ammunition." I ara 
sure ail comrades of the sth (Scottish)Division 
will agree that no unit of ours deserved more 
credit for stopping the Germans in front of 
Arras than the 7th Cameron Hihlanders. 
During the period, December, 98, to Mareh, 
99, the troops were tried in a differenc way. 
A time of absolute inaetivity prevailed in 
Belgium, with many temptations for all ranks 
to be slack and to allow discipline to deteriorate. 
A natural reaetion after the strain of war. 
There was also a feeling, rightly or wrongly, 
that in the system of demobilisa ion length of 
service at the front was hot always eonsidered. 
During this diflïeult time the 6/7th Cameron 
Highlanders retained their splendid discipline 
and still upheld their daim to the niekname 
" The Shiny Seventh." 
The authors refer to their firm belief in the 
advantages of the kilt as a service dress. 
Opinions may differ on this point, but there is 
no question as to the prestige and confidence 
which the kilt carries with it. 
V¢hen we moved suddenl to join the Xth 
'reneh Army in July, 98, the ]3ritish troops 
were, for some reason, temporarily out of favour 
in that area, but the sight of the Highlanders, 
and the sound of the bagpipes, ehanged this 
feeling at once, and nothing eould bave exeeeded 
rhe enthusiasm with whieh the I5th Division 
was received in billets during this eriod of 
operations. - 



Again, on the coldest of days in January, 
1919, when troops of three Divisions marched 
past I-Ils Majesty, the King of the Belgians, in 
Brussels, there was a sudden roar of applause 
from the half-frozen crowd as the kilted pipers 
leading the 45th Infantry Brigade, which repre- 
sented the infantry of the I5th Division, 
approached. The 6/7th Cameron I-Iighlanders 
swung past; Iis Majesty turned to me and said : 
"Truly magnificent soldiers." Those who read 
this narrative will agree that this splendid tribute 
was deserved. 
I-I. L. REED, 


Sept. 'I4] I7 



OON after the outbreak of the Great War, 
Colonel D. W. Cameron of Lochiel 
received permission to raise Service 
Battalions of the Cameron Highlanders under 
Lord Kitchener's New Army Scheme. He pro- 
ceeded at once to Scotland, and at meetings in 
Glasgow and Inverness stirring appeals for 
recruits for the new Battalions xvere ruade. 
These appeals met with so enthusiastic a re- 
sponse that within a week or two the 5th and 
6th Battalions were raised, and recruiting for 
the 7th Battalion was in full swing. Recruits 
for the 5th and 6th xvere sent direct to Aider- 
shot, but when it was round that there xvas 
every prospect of raising another Battalion, it 
vas decided to make its Headquarters at Inver- 
ness, the Capital of the Territorial District of 
the Cameron Highlanders. 
From the outset, Major Seymour Clarke of 
the Cameron Highlanders, who had returned 
to duty at the Cameron Depot at Inverness 
on the outbreak of war, took a great interest 
in the Battalion, and he did much for it during 



its early days in Inverness. On 8th October, 
1914, Lieutenant-Colonel D. P. I-Iaig, who 
formerly commanded the 3rd Battalion, was 
gazetted as the first Commanding Officer of the 
7th, but the date of the birth of the Battalion 
may be said to be 28th September, 1914, on 
which day Captain James Barron, Captain 
Mackenzie-Gillanders, and Lieutenant W. I-I. 
Kirkland were gazetted to the Battalion. On 
3oth September, Captain C. D. Stewart, and on 
5th October, Captain Norman Macleod, were 
also gazetted. Unfortunately, Captain Mac- 
kenzie-Gillanders and Captain C. D. Stewart 
were very shortly afterwards invalided out of 
the service, and for several weeks the Battalion 
had to carry on with Lieutenant-Colonel Haig 
and Captains Barron and Macleod as the only 
senior officers. Captain Barron acted as 
Adjurant of the Battalion until shortly belote 
it went to France, where he fell at the Battle of 
Loos while Second in Command; Captain 
Macleod served with the Battalion throughout 
most of the War, commanding it for the last 
18 months of its existence, and Lieutenant 
Kirkland fell while commanding a Company at 
The two months spent by the Battalion at 
Inverness were very strenuous but very happy. 
It was soon recruited up to full strength, and 
the type of man it attracted was of a particu- 
larly high order and fine physique, as at this 
rime the height and chest measurernent for 
recruits had been increased. A large pro- 

oct. 'x4] INVERNESS. 19 

portion were students and young professional 
men from Glasgow, where a Caineron Recruiting 
Office had been opened as soon as Lochiel 
received permission to raise the new Battalions, 
and it was a rule that no man was admitted 
unless he was a Scotsnlan. A considerable 
number of recruits also came from Inverness- 
shire, including hot a few from the town of 
Inverness, where the Battalion was immensely 
popular. The Cameron Barracks were, of course, 
too small to accommodate more than a small 
proportion of the Battalion, but quarters were 
found for many in a distillery hard by. I{ere 
the comforts of life were lacking, many 
men having to sleep on a stone floor with 
only one blanket, but so fine was the spirit of 
the men that there was little or no grousing. 
The good people of Inverness, too, vied with 
one another in doing everything possible for ail 
ranks. The hospitality extended to officers 
and men alike was unbounded, and many 
citizens earned the undying gratitude of the 
Battalion by placing their private baths at 
their disposal. Moreover, nearly all the halls 
in the town were formed into Clubs for the use 
of the men, and in these refreshments were 
dispensed in right royal fashion. No man 
who served with the Battalion during these 
t»vo months is ever likely to forger the porridge 
and milk, which, in response to a well-nigh 
universal demand, came tobe regarded as the 
piece de resistance on these occasions. 
The first route march of the Battalîon was, 

appropriately enough, to Culloden Moor. Then, 
and for several months thereafter, the men 
were in civi]ian clothes: but as rime went on 
(so great was the keenness to wear the kilt) 
many members supplied themselves with 
the Cameron Service Dress at their own ex- 
pense. ]3y and by week-end leave was granted, 
but no 7th Cameron wanted to go on leave in 
" civvies." Few kilts were available at that 
time, cven for those who were eager and willing 
to buy them, but there was, happily, a nucleus 
of Regulars at the I3arracks who boasted the 
coveted garb. A tentative suggestion that 
these proud wearers of the kilt nfight perchance 
hire theln out to their New Army brethren 
who were going on leave, met witb a ready 
acquiescence, and so rapidly did the idea catch 
on that kilts were often booked for weeks ahead. 
13ut if a Cameron Highlander is incomplete 
without a kilt, so is a Cameron Battalion with- 
out a Pipe Band. Fortunately, one of the 
hand boys at the Barracks, the son of an old 
Pipe-Major, xvas able to play the pipes, and he 
proudly strutted in front of the Battalion on 
its first route match to Culloden Moor. Belote 
long other pipers were discovered among the 
recruits, and by the rime the Battalion left 
Inverness it could boast quite a respectable 
Pipe Band. 
On 3oth November the Battalion left Inver- 
ness for Aldershot. It was with many regrets 
that it said farewell to the " Capital of the 
IKighlands," where it had been so kindly treated, 

Dec. '41 ALDERSHOT. zr 

and where the men had won golden opinions 
by their behaviour and discipline. In a fale- 
well letter to Colonel Haig the Provost 
expressed the feeling of the citizens in the 
fo]lowing terres :-- 
" Tlle men of the Battalion have by their exemplary eonduct, 
and Illeir manly and eourteous bearing, won favour on all 
hands, and it is vith regret we remise that ve are no longer 
going to have theln in our lnidst." 

The Battalion arrived at Aldershot 1136 
strong, and were quartered in the Salamanca 
Barracks, which they shared with another 
Battalion of the saine strength, and where they 
remained for several weeks. An unsolicited 
testimonial was given to the physique of the 
Battalion by ail Instructor of the 5th Camerons. 
who saw them nmrch into Aldershot. I-Ie 
declared that they were one of the finest bodies 
of men, physically, he had ever seen. At 
Aldershot a period of intensive training was 
put in, and the Battalion benefited greatly 
from the ministrations of Captain Crooks, a 
splendid instructor and disciplinarian, who 
voluntarily placed his services at its disposal. 
Christmas and New Year were spent at 
Aldershot. OI1 I5th January, 1915, the Bat- 
talion marched into billets at Liphook. The 
long match was completed in full kit without 
a single man falling out. 
Iere Major Norman MacLeod was posted to 
the Battalion. He had served in the Calcutta 
Light Horse, and for some rime had acted as 
Musketry Instructor to the Brigade. 

About this time the Battalion received its 
first consignment of kilts, although, as we have 
indicated, many of the men had already bought 
the full uniform privately. Owing to the 
difficulty of getting the different tartans and 
keeping up a supply in France, the War Office 
introduced an article called the "universal 
kilt." It was ruade of grey-brown cloth, 
pleated and sewn on to a »vaist-band of the 
saine material like a girI's skirt. It incor- 
porated all the disadvantages of a kilt without 
any of the advantages. Luckily this mons- 
trosity »vas soon killed by the IIighland Societies. 
On 22nd February the sth Division was 
inspected on Frensham Common by a distin- 
guished Freneh visitor under the most depress- 
ing weather conditions, as it snowed and rained 
alternately throughout the day. 
The Battalion left Liphook and arrived at 
Cirencester on the 25th February. The men 
were practically all billeted in private houses, 
and never »vere they nore happy and fit than 
in this fine old to»vn. Who will ever forger the 
splendid deer park, with its beautiful »voods 
and long, broad grass rides ? But the kindness 
of the.people themselves will always be upper.- 
most m out minds. Another unique exper- 
ence we must record, as it betokens a large- 
minded tolerance, »vhich is to be the more 
appreciated and ackno»vledged because of its 
rarity even in these rimes. The two Scottish 
Battalions could find no place large enough 
for Divine Service, so the Authorities of the 

Apr. '5] CIRENCESTER. 3 

Church of England were approached, and leave 
was granted for 12oo men to worship in the 
beautiful old Parish Church. They had their 
own Presbyterian service under their own Pres- 
byterian chaplain, and the organist led the 
praise with the old psalm tunes which Scotsmen 
love so dearly. I-Iad the grand old church. 
vith its lofty pillars, clerestory roof, and walls 
enshrined with memorial tablets and coats of 
arms, ever echoed before to such a service, so 
impressive and unique ? Not since the days 
of Cromwell's Iron Rule, if even then, can the 
preacher have seen from the pulpit such a sea 
of manly faces and a sight so inspiring in its 
character and its associations. 
About 8 toiles out from Cirencester was the 
training area, to which we used to Inarch in 
the morning and return about 4 o'clock in the 
afternoon, very often to fall in again about 
9 or IO p.m. for night operations. The men were 
now so fit that, although they had had a strenu- 
ous day, they would simply race home the 8 
toiles at night, singing and chaffing their com- 
rades in front m order to urge on the pace. 
On 6th April the Battalion left Cirencester for 
Chiseldon, which was a large hutted camp on 
Salisbury Plain. 
Lieut.-Colonel Haig, on the 22nd April, 
received the appointment of Commandant of 
the Staff Musketry Camp at Barry, Lieut.- 
Colonel J. W. Sandilands, D.S.O., taking over 
command the saine day. It was with great 
regret that the Battalion parted with Colonel 



I-Iaig. I-Ie was a thorough gentleman and 
spoloEsman, and no officer could have been found 
better suited for thc arduous work of handling 
a Battalion raised under such peculiar circum- 
stances. Lieut.-Colonel J. W. Sandilands had 
the advantage of having already been out at 
the Front, where he had commanded a Company 
in the ISt Battalion, and also the London 
Scottish. Just previous to his taking over the 
7th Battalion, he had been employed as Brigade 
Major in the 46th Brigade of the I5th Division. 
At Chiseldon the Battalion worked strenu- 
ously, and were put through their musketry 
course. On 2th May they marched to Park 
I-Iouse, which was a very sinilar cmnp to 
Chiseldon. On I5th May the Brigade narched 
past Lord Kitchener, who stated that it was 
the finest, from a physical point of view, which 
he had yet seen. On 3rd June the Battalion 
won the 44th Brigade Championship in High- 
land Gaines, for which a silver bugle was pre- 
sented by Brigadier-General M. Grant Wilkinson, 
M.V.O. This bugle has, along with many other 
prizes, since been presented to the Depot 
Cameron Highlanders. 
On Sunday, 4th July, orders were received 
to proceed overseas. This news was the cause 
of the greatest enthusiasm amongst the men, 
who were eager to give practical proof of the 
value of their training. On 8th July the 
Battalion embarked on s.s. "Arundel" at 
Folkestone for Boulogne, and was entrained 
for Houle, where a few days were spent, lrom 

Jaly '15] LES BRÈBIS. 25 

Houle it marched to I-Iouchin, the men's feet 
suffering considerably from new boots and 
ttle paved roads. Fronl IotlCllill xve pro- 
ceeded to Les Brèbis as a detached Battalion, 
and can therefore claire to be the first Bat- 
talion of the xsth Division to enter the shelled 
area on the \Vestern front. 
Les Brebis was being constantly shelled. It 
was found ahnost impossible to keep the men 
in their billets, as, being much interested in 
this new experience, they would rush into the 
streets whenever a shell burst, in order to see 
the effect, and to collect fragments as souvenirs. 
They very soon got tired of this habit. 
On 2Ist July Lieut.-Colonel M'Dougall of 
Lunga, who commanded the xoth Gordon 
Highlanders, was killed while making a tour of 
the trenches. He was buried at I-Iouchin with 
full Military Honours. Colonel M'Dougall was 
a splendid type of Highland officer and gentle- 
man, and was the first officer casualty in the 
On the night of the 2/;3rd August we took 
over the trenches for the first rime at Maroc, 
holding the extreme right of the British line. 
Opposite to us were the now famous Towers of 
Loos, from which the enelny had good observa- 
tion oçer out whole system. The Battalion 
while in reserve in this sector was billeted in 
Mazingarbe. \Vhile there a Church Parade 
was held in the grounds of the Chateau, which 
belonged to a rich mine owner of the district. 
This, although within range of the enemy's 



guns, was most beautifully laid out with masses 
of flowers and lovely lawns, through which a 
burn ran with cascades and pools in which gold 
fish sported. The owner resided here during 
the whole War, and when the Battalion returned 
in 1918 they found the garden as beautiful as 
On the 3oth August we proeeeded to Noeux- 
les-lV[ines. On return to the line the Battalion 
sustained its first officer casualties. On the 
9th September, I,ieuts. W. G. Stuart, Mac- 
DoneI1, and lXacRae were wounded by trench 
mortars. Three days Iater rather serious casu- 
alties were caused by the enemy bombarding 
a saphead which we held. 
Oll the I2th the Battalion was relieved, and 
went into billets at Verquin. The pipes and 
drums played " Retreat " each evening in the 
grounds of the mansion house, and also played 
m Bethune on the afternoon of the I9th. On 
the ISth the 4th Battalion marched through 
Verquin on its way to the trenches, and was 
gIven a very hearty reception by the 7th Bat- 
talion, the band playing them through the 

Sept. '15] 27 


N the 2Ist we again went into the trenches, 
taking over the Grenay-Vermelles line, pre- 
paratory to the Battle of Loos. Shelling had 
now become intense, the bombardment being 
in full swing. Before going into the line the 
fact that the attack was going to take place vas 
kept most secret, nobody below the tank of 
Company Conlmander being iuformed of the 
pro j ect. We vere, therefore, somewhat sur- 
prised to learn, on getting into the line, that 
the Germans knew all about it. In fact we were 
told by those in the front line that the enemy 
was shouting across to out trenches asking 
vhat was the cause of the delay ! 
At 4-45 a.m. on the 25th the Battalion 
moved out to take part in its first great battle, 
a battle which is one of the greatest in the 
history of Scotland, owing to the number of 
Scottish troops employed. On that day there 
were rive battalions of Camerons engaged. The 
morning was dull and misty, with practically 
no wind. At 5.50 a.m. our gas was turned on, 
and ran alternately with smoke candles. Owing 
to the lack of wind, however, it is doubtful if 

the gas did hOt do more harm than good, numer- 
ous Britisl casualties being due to it. At 6.30 
a.m. the assault was delivered, the 9th Black 
Watch and 8th Seaforths leading, with the 
7th Camerons in support, and the ioth Gordons 
in reserve. The advance was practically due 
F, ast towards the Towers of Loos, these being 
kept slightly ou our right. Within a very short 
rime the Blacl Watch and Seaforths got clear 
The Calnerons, following, were very shortly 
streaming through the village of Loos, having 
crossed the third German line of wlre and 
trenches, which had been regarded as impreg- 
nable. Unfortunately, traces of the gallant 
part played by the Camerons in cutting this wire, 
which was almost untotiched by Artillery tire, 
vere too evident, the ground bein strewn with 
dead and wounded. The houses in Loos were 
practically battered to pieces. (3ermans were 
being bombed out of the cellars, others bayoneted, 
dozens were surrendering, but nothing seemed 
to stay the advance of the 44th Brigade. 
The ]3attalion IYeadquarters were estab- 
lished in a red brick building near the church, 
which was now a heap of ruins. There the 
Commanding Off]cer, with the Signallers and 
Scouts collected round him, remained in com- 
parative security until suddenly a number of 
the heaviest type of high explosive shells rained 
down on them. 11 dashed for a cellar, 
in which »vas found a German soldier. Soon 
after it was decided to go down into the lower 

Sept. 'I5] BATTLE OF LOOS. 29 

cellar, xvhere we found a German officer still 
telephoning. It »vas evident that he had 
directed the Artillery tire upon our Itead- 
quarters. Itis telephone apparatus was for a 
long rime afterwards in the possession of, and 
used by, the Battalion Signallers. 
As the Commanding Officer was going through 
the village he came across two Companies of 
the 7th Royal Scots Fusiliers, who attached 
thelnselves to him, and all went on together to 
I-Iill 7 o. On their arrival at the foot of the 
tIill, information was received that 3oo]4oo 
of the Brigade--most of theln Camerons--had 
pressed forward over the ttill and vere heavily 
engaged with the enemy's lines at St. Laurent. 
It must be relnembered that the orders 
received before going into action vere that the 
Battalion was to press on to the Cité St. Auguste, 
beside St. Laurent, vhich was given to them as 
their final objective. 
Major Crichton of the Ioth Gordons handed 
over the command of the I-Iill to Colonel Sandi- 
lands, who, at once realising the gravity of the 
situation, decided to establish a line on the 
reverse slope of Itill 7 o. Luckily here there 
was a sort of natural line of defence, consisting 
of a bank about 3 feet high, running roughly 
North and South along the I-Iill. This proved 
an invaluable feature to hold on to, as men 
instinctively rallied to it. Major 13arron, 2nd 
in command, 7th Camerons, and Major Crichton 
(Ioth Gordons) volunteered to go forward 
and order the advance pro±y, who had charged 

over the Hill, to retire. Both officers fell in 
the task, but their orders reached the advanced 
line, and the men began to fight their way back. 
Major Crichton was killed outright, while Major 
]3arron, who was wounded and taken prisoner, 
died of his wounds in a German Field I-Iospital. 
The Commanding Officer being satisfied that 
his right was protected by the London Regiment 
which was astride the Loos Crassier, ordered the 
Royal Scots Fusiliers to dig in for all they 
were worth. ïhere is little doubt that if these 
two Cmpanies had not acted contrary to the 
strict letter of their orders, in coming on with 
Clonel Sandilands, things might have gone 
badly with the x5th Division. About 8 a.n. 
the Battalion Flag, which consisted of one of 
the Divisional yellow distinguishing flags, with 
a patch of Cameron tartan taken from an old 
kilt sewn on to it, was planted on I-Iill 7o, and 
remained flying till midnight, when we with- 
drew. Throughout the operations the flag was 
carried by Scout-Sergeant Lamb, and on more 
than one critical occasion he rallied men of all 
regiments by waving them back to the I-Iill. 
This flag bas been presented to the Depot, and 
is now in the Officers' Mess at Inverness. About 
midnight, when the line had been fairly well 
dug, those in front were ordered to retire. It 
was on the forward slope of I-Iill ïo that the 
greatest number of casualties in the 7th Camerons 
occurred. The confusion which of necessity 
arises after an assault of this nature can be 
realised from the fact that on I-Iill 7o the Com- 

Sept. "I5] BATTLE OF LOOS. 31 

manding Officer had under his command repre- 
sentatives from no less thall nine different 
At 3 p.m. all were cheered by seeing large 
bodies of troops coming over the Hill, apparently 
to relieve us. They turned out to be part of 
the Ist Division, who had been delayed in the 
attack on our left, and hot a relief. At 6 
word was received that we were to be relieved 
by the 62nd Brigade, but owing to some error 
they did hOt arrive until early next morning. 
At 8 p.m. the Comlnanding Officer discussed 
the situation witll tlle Brigadier, and satisfied 
him that tlle position Oll Hill 7o was secure for 
the nigllL, and, in view of tlle fact that the few 
Camerons who still remained could hot influence 
the situation, received orders to hand over the 
command to Lieut.-Colonel M'Lean of tlle 
Ioth Royal Scots, and to withdraw his own men. 
At midnight lle ordered his little band of weary 
Camerons to retire. Not many who came out 
that night will very readily forger it. In 
drenching rain, pools of mud, and incessant 
shelling, they picked tlleir way amongst the 
dead by the light of burning bouses, and ttley 
plodded wearily on, powerless to take any 
notice of the wounded who lay waiting for 
stretcher-bearers. Mistaking the road, they 
ruade a detour through Maroc, finally fetching 
up at the old I-Ieadquarters, which, although it 
consisted merely of a badly shelled house, 
appeared like a sanctuary. Without calling a 
proper Roll the men were numbered off, and it 

was found that there were 4 officers and 75 
other ranks present out of 2o officers and 827 
raik and file who had started off so woudly 
24 hours earlier. Throughout the night and 
early morning stragglers kept coming in, and 
there were finally collected 6 officers and about 
29o other ranks. 
Philosophe was reached about 3 a.m., and 
we were lucky to find the cookers waiting for 
us, and, after having some tea, both officers 
and men slept on the ground, too exhausted to 
tke any notice of the mud or water. The 
usual rumours of going back or a long test were 
prevalent, a rest which was offert t,qlked about 
but never matured. However, about 8 a.m. 
26th September, a Staff Officer came over and 
said that the battle was going far from well, 
and that there was no alternative but to send 
the remnant of the Battalion back into the 
fight. It is impossible to realise the eelings of 
men under such circumstances. They ell m, 
and vent straight back. lficking their way 
through Quality Street. which bv this rime was 
literally running with blood and blocked vith 
wounded. On they went anfidst a hail of gas 
shells, pushing their vay through bunches o 
disorganised troops--raw recruits vho had 
never before experienced the sights of a battle- 
field, and arriwng finally at the old German 
front-line, where they found the trench so full 
of gas that they had to dig themselves in behind 
the parados. They held this position well on 
into the bionday morning, vhen they were 

Sept. 'I5] BATTLE OF LOOS. 33 
finally l elieved. Twenty-four hours after this 
these men marched out of Mazingarbe, headed 
by the pipes and drums, with their buttons 
cleaned and their equipment polished in so 
smart a manner that they were mistaken for 
a new draft, and were greeted With shouts from 
those whom they passed : " Wait till you have 
been in the trenches, and you won't look like 
Our casualties for the day were : 

Killed ..... 4 Killed ...... 64 
Wounded .... 6 XVounded ..... 355 
lXIissing ..... 4 lXiissing ..... 215 
14 534 
Total, 548. 

Colonel Sandilands received the following 
letter from Colonel The Mackintosh of Mackin- 
tosh "-- 

"INVERGORDON, I2/h October, I915. 
"' Let me express the feelings of all here. We are proud of 
the dash and gallantry shevn by the 7th Battalion Cameron ttigh- 
landers under your command at the taking of Hill 7 ° af the ]3attle 
of Loos. To command such otàcers and men is indeed enviable-- 
they have added fresh glory to the Cameron Highlanders, and their 
deeds will live in history. 
" From my son, who was A.D.C. fo General Sir Arthur Paget, 
Commanding the Salisbury Division, I heard vhat Field Marshal 
Lord Kitchener said about the 7th Battalion : ' If is far the finest 
Battalion of the new Army I have seen,' no mean complinent 
from such an authority who knows how to judge soldiers. 
«' Yours truly, 
" 3rd Cameron Highlanders." 

34 7TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. [sept. 'i 5 
The next three days were spent in the support 
line, which was hot very much more comfort- 
able, but distinctly saler. The following 
three days we had a bad time. The tain came 
down in torrents during the relief, and con- 
tinued incessantly for 4 ° hours. It is very 
diflïcult even to imagine the misery and dis- 
comfort which the men suffered. The so-called 
trenches were full of water and mud up to the 
men's knees. It was almost impossible for the 
ration and water parties to get either up or 
During the second afternoon of this downpour 
the German Artillery got on to out front line 
trench, blew in a machine-.gun emplacement 
and knocked down a considerable portion of the 
parapet, one man being killed and two wounded. 
The parapet was rebuilt during the night. 
Next morning nothing particular happened, but 
in the afternoon the German guns again opened 
a heavy enfilade tire, resulting in II men being 
killed and 21 wounded, and the parapet being 
very badly knocked about. It was a very try- 
ing experience for new troops, and there is little 
doubt that the Battalion deserved great credit 
for taking their punishment so well. 
The following day we were relieved, and went 
back into the support trenches, and finally 
marched back to Noeux-les-Mines on 7th 
November. On I7th November Major R. B. C. 
Raban joined the Battalion as Second in Com- 
mand. Christmas and New Year were cele- 
brated at Allouagne, and here too was held a 

j an. '6] ALLOUAGNE. 35 

Divisional Boxing Exhibition, the plincipal 
event being an exciting xo rounds fight between 
Private O'Rourke of the Camerons, and Sergt. 
Macleod of the Seaforths, the latter winning. 
On the x4th Janual-y, xgx6, the Battalion 
returned to the trenches, taking over section 
x4 bis on Iffill 70. During this tour there was 
attached to us " C " Company of the 6th Royal 
Irish Regiment for instruction. Mining opera- 
tions had nov staoEed in earnest, and this 
involved heavy trench mortar and shell tire, 
causing numerous casualties. It was during 
this tour of duty that we found and buried the 
body of Lieut.-Colonel A. F. Douglas Iffamilton, 
V.C. Iffe vas lying just where he had been 
killed, and, although it was remarkable that his 
body had hot been discovered before, yet it 
was a source of satisfaction to all that he should 
bave finally been buried by the officers and men 
of the Regiment in which he had served, and of 
which he was so proud. On the 23rd March 
"13 " Company proceeded to Labuissiere for 
duty at xst Corps IffeadquaoEers. The 13at- 
talion was to have been iuspected by the Com- 
mander of the xst Corps on the 24th March, 
but owing to ShOW it vas cancelled. Next day 
we railed to Lillers, and marched to billets in 
Allouagne. On the 3rd April llajor R. Raban 
left, ou being appointed to the Colmnand of the 
I3th Royal Scots, and xvas therefore struck off 
the strength. 
On the I3th April Colonel Sandilands re- 
linquished the Command of the Battalion on 

being promoted Brigadier-General Commanding 
the io4th Infantry Brigade. I-Ie was given a 
great seud off by the officers and men of the 
Battalion, who lined the street of Allouagne in 
his honour. 
The following moEicle, which was written by 
Colonel Sandilands as a brief review of the 
period during which he colnmanded the Bat- 
talion, appeared in the April Nmnber of The 
79th Ncws, 916 :-- 


It is noxv just a year since I took over command of the 7th 
Battalion, but in some ways it sccms like ten years since I arrived at 
Out of the IOOO men serving thon, how many are there still 
with us in the trcnches ? 
"Whatever otïicers and men there may be, must recall at rimes 
the old days which we spent so happfly together. The training on 
the Downs, the long dusty march to Park tIouse : these are now 
things of the past. 
As we wade about in mud and water, it seems like a dream to 
think of Tower Hill, where we used to lie amongst the trees, well 
concealed from Generals, and eat our dinners from the cookers, 
which in those days were strange machines of unknown habits. 
The Highland Brigade Championship; the Otïicers' Riding 
School ; the gramophone in the Canteen ; the sixpenny novels; Officers 
Mess garden, which never produced a blade of grass; finally, the 
Sunday when we got our orders to go to France, the suppressed 
excitement of the Channel crossing, onr triumphant march through 
Boulogne .ith pipes and drums in full swinghow many of us are 
still alive who remember these days ? 
It is amusing now to think of the diflïculty we had in taking 
over billets at Houle, and the deadly silence in which we marched 
from Gonnehem, on the night when the regimental dog was lost, 
with his tartan coat and regimental badges. 
How many men are still left from those who rushed out of the 
houses at Brèbis to see the shells btrsting, and who dug at Maroc 
in the firm belief that they were exposed to untold dangers ? What 
letters used to be written home in those days to fond mothers, de- 
scribing the hardships, the terrific shell tire, and the groans of the 
dying. No doubt these mothers were moved to tear» at the thoughts 


of what their sons were suffering, little knowing of the peace and 
quiet of the trenches at Maroc and Quality Street. 
But if the saine mothers could have seen their sons in the 
trenches af tIullueh in Octobcr, they would bave good reason to 
weep. I, iquid nmd up to one's knees; the parapets consisting of 
half-buried Geranans ; a perfect bail of shells af intervals through- 
out the day and night ! 
In those days it took me three solid hours to drag mvself through 
the mud and water on my morning round of perhaps 2 toiles. Officers 
and men alike were caked with mud. 
What an afternoon that was when the parapet was blown in 
and we lost 2 killed and 25 wounded in a few minutes! I shall 
never forger seeing boys who might well have been still at school, 
pinched with hunger and cold, sitting crouched under a waterproof 
sheet, fumbling with their frozen fingers, trying to open a letter 
from home. "i'his letter was probably their one gleam of light in 
their horrible surroundings; and yet they never complained, but 
stuck fo it like Camerons. I used fo curse in my heart the loafers 
af home who ought to have been out here, instead of leaing it to 
lads who never should have been exposed to a winter in the trenches. 
Who is there left in the Battalion that used fo corne fo the 
garden af Verquin to listen fo the drums and pipes playing Retreat, 
in the days when we first began to "know that we were fo take part 
in one of the greatest battles of the age ? 
The little broken-down house, which was the Battalion Head- 
quarters af Philosophe the night belote Loos, is still there. Quality 
Street, instead of being a peaceful little village where one lived in 
comparative safety, is now battered every day by German shells. 
How many men are there stfll in the ranks who clambered over 
the parapet on the 25th, and joined in that mad rush which stntck 
terror into the Bavarian regiments who were up against us ? I do 
hot suppose that in any case there can be many who have a clear 
recollection of xvhat actually did happen in the charge, or on that 
fateful afternoon when the remnant of the 44th Brigade hung on to 
tIfll 7 o, silent and grim in their determination fo hold the Hill for 
Scotland. The bank behind which we first began to dig is still 
there, and easfly recognised, just between the firing and support 
What a weary little party returned fo Philosophe that night ! 
What a shambles Quality Street was next morning when we went 
back through if fo hold the old German line. 
Even Christmas af Allouagne, the concerts in the Recreation 
Room, and the boxing in the Hospital yard, are beginning to fade 
away in the distance. 
Although we have recently been lucky, yet there are many of 
out comrades who marched off from Noeux-les-lIines in January, 
but wfll never answer their names again at Roll Call. Some have 
been buried af Loos, within a few yards of vhere we fought on the 
25th, and some have been buried in the trenches. 



I often woncler vhether the men of the Battalion realise the 
link that is being formed amongst us. 19o they realise, when the 
var is over, the longing to see some of their old otcers again will 
be stlt'h as to defy description ? 19o they realise that little acts of 
unselfishness and kindness, performcd every, day in the tIenches, 
will be amongst their most treastred rcmcmbrances, no marrer 
whether they go ott into the world or return to a lire of ease and 
comfort ? Then it may be that for the first rime the old saying, 
Once a Cameron always a Cameron," will corne home to them Lu 
its full intensity. 

April '6] 39 


N the 26th April the Battalion returned 
to the trenches under the command of 
Major T. L. Cunningham, relieving the 7th 
Royal Sussex Regiment in the Quarry Sector. 
By this time the mining operations had ruade 
the front line into a series of craters, and the 
shelling of the enemy had become increasingly 
severe. The following day the R.E. blew up 
the right leg of " tlairpin." We lost several 
men in the bombardment which followed, the 
usual practice after exploding a mine being that 
the enemy would start firing trench mortars, 
which would be replied to by out field guns, 
the enemy in return firing his whizzbangs and 
howitzers on out front line system. The 4th 
of May saw 3 more mines exploded in the Hair- 
pin crater, after which out bombers advanced 
to secure the lip of the crater. The enemy 
counter-attacked, and a very severe fight took 
place between out bombers and the enemy, in 
which we finally drove him back to his original 
position, while we held the crater. After the 
attack the enemy gave our trenches a long and 
severe bombardment, which caused many casu- 



The 13attalion »vas relieved on the iIth May 
by the 7th K.O.S.B.'s, and proceeded to La 
Bourse m Divisional Reserve. I-Iere the men 
enjoyed good baths, the time being filled up 
with odd parades and finding the inevitable 
working parties for the front line of trenches. 
On the I3th May Major C. I-I. Marsh, D.S.O., 
of the x Sth Lancers, who had lately commanded 
the 7th K.O.S.B.'s, took over command of the 
Baltalion from Major Cunningham, who had 
been in command since the departure of Bri- 
gadier-General Sandilands. 
On the x4th May the Battalion was put under 
the ordel-s of the 46th Brigade, and on the 
x9th relieved the A. and S. Iff. in the left sub- 
sector of the" I-Iohenzollern." Mining operations 
were still in full swing, the enemy exploding a 
nfine near "Argyll Sap," which filled in the "Hogs 
Back " and part of " Northumberland Trench." 
It was a colnplete surprise, and many men were 
buried and injured by the falling debris, "C " 
Colnpany suffering the worst, there being 3 
killed and 45 wounded. The Battalion was 
to have been relieved that night, but the relief 
had to be postponed in order that the saps and 
trenches might be cleared belote handing over. 
About the 22nd May everyone began to expect 
a Boche attack, as the Intelligence Reports 
constantly contained references to large enem 
working-parties and abnorrnal transport move- 
ments. In one instance as many as 5,000 men 
were reported as being seen moving in out 
direction. Two prisoners were also taken, who 


Colortel J. ,V. SA1NDILA1NDS C.B., C.M.C,., D.S.O., 
comnm.xlded from 221d April, 1915, to 13th April, 1916. 

June '6] A RAID. 4  

confirined the report that the eremy intended 
attacking and usmg gas. Apparently our 
counter-action proved effective, as no attack 
ever took place, • 
On the OESth June, in the right sub-sector of 
the "I-Iohenzollern," 4 patrols from "C " and 
"D " Companies, under the commands of 
Second-Lieuts. Drew, Goudie, Currie and 
M'Crostie, attempted to raid the enemy's lines 
after a discharge of gas. Three of tlle patrols 
round the wire uncut and the trench strongly 
held by the enemy. "A Bangalore Torpedo," 
which »vas tobe used to cut the wire, was un- 
fortunately hit in the trench, and, exploding 
as the raiders were getting into position, killed 
the men who were carrying it. The fourth 
patrol, however, under Lieut. Goudie, succeeded 
in reaching the enemy's front line. This they 
bombed, and then returned to our own lines. 
One of the patrol being killed, Lieut. Goudie, 
Sergeant Small, and Private I-Ieely tried to 
bring back the body, but had to abandon the 
attempt owing to the enemy's heavy machine 
gun tire. The total casualties were 9 men 
killed and 19 other casualties. 
On the xSth July our Engineers blew up 
" Border Redoubt " at the junctions of " Rifle- 
men's Alley " and " Alexandria Trench." In- 
structions ha d been given that after the ex- 
plosion the far lip of the crater was to be 
consolidated. This proved a difficult job, but 
»ve were ordered to persevere with it. The 
explosion formed two craters, which were heavily 

4 2 


bombarded with rifle grenades and aerial darts 
by the enemy, who evidently had no intention 
of trying to consolidate the crater himself. 
Three different attempts were lnade to get into 
the turther crater, and within a few seconds, on 
each occasion, every man was a casualty, as 
the whole movement »vas under observation of 
the enemy. I-Iowever, after many hours ardu- 
ous work, lying fiat on the stomach and scraping 
with an entrenching tool, a trench of sorts 
suPficient to hold the far lip of the crater was 
formed. The work was arduous and trying, 
as well as dangerous, but the officers and men 
stuck to it bravely. The following afternoon 
a Staff Officer came up with beautifully drawn 
plans for consolidating the near hp of the craters, 
a scheme which, if originally carried out, would 
bave saved many îives. 


i Officer and 16 other ranks. 
40flicers and 12 other ranks. 

Amongst the wounded was Major Cunning- 
haro, who had been with the ]3attalion since 
it came to France in 1915, and who had com- 
manded the ]3attalion from the time General 
Sandilands left until Clonel Marsh was ap- 
pointed. I-Ie was a good officer, a fearless man, 
and liked by all. 
On 22nd July the ]3attalion was relieved by 
the Royal Berkshire Regiment, and proceeded 
to I-Iouchin. It was hot realised at the rime 
that we were leaving this area for good, but as 

july 'i6] HULLUCH-LOOS SECTOR. 43 
it turned out ve were hot to return again to 
Hullueh-Loos seetor until praetieally the end of 
the war. The men vere glad to get away from 
a seetor where all the worst modern applianees 
of war were used in abundanee, ttere they had 
spent their first winter, and fought their first 
great battle, and the names of ttullueh Alley, 
Gordon Alley, etc., will be imprinted in their 
memories for many a day. These long eom- 
mlmieation trenehes were nearly always half- 
full of muddy water, but, luckily, as we were 
wearing kilts, it was an easy matter to eithel 
lift them up or to take them off, bang them 
round the sholIlders, and by this nleans arrive 
comparatively dry in the ront line, whieh was 
hot the fate of the trousered Battalions. When 
going into the line these Battaions were soaking 
wet before they arrived there, and if eoming 
out, hot only arrived wet at their billets, but 
had to carry all the extra weight of the mud, 
etc., whieh had saturated into their puttees and 
trousers---a thing that told considerably on tired 
troops marehing for several toiles. 
It vas eertainly a very tring seetor. There 
vas never a tour without several easualties 
from mines, "' Flying Pigs," and, espeeially, aerial 
darts, whieh infernal machines, many were 
convineed, were eovered with a poisonous paint. 
We shall hazard no opinion on this point, but 
itis eurious to note that many a man who only 
reeeived the slightest wounds from them died 
from the effeets. The vork was exeeedingly 
hard, as the trenehes were constantly being 

blown in or filled up with debris of mines and 
explosives. Working parties had to be round 
to repalr this damage, as well as to carry the 
spoil out of the mines. Mine carrying parties 
were detailed in 8-hours shifts, every man 
working one shift in 24 hours. The work eon- 
sisted of going down the mine shaft and earry- 
ing up bags of spoil whieh were then emptied. 
The earrying of lulnps of ehalk in the sand-bags 
up the stairs beeame hot only sore on the baek, 
but exceedingly wearisome to the legs. In 
addition to this the saine men had to be used for 
treneh repairs, earrying parties for treneh stores, 
rations, etc., so that it can be easily understood 
that there was little rime for sleep or rest. 
In spire of all this, many lnen were sorry to 
leave the district where they had ruade a number 
of good friends among the mining villagers in 
their billets. Especially did they enjoy a rest 
in Bethune, where some of the attractions of 
the town could be indulged in. They would 
sooner have taken the risks and hard work of 
this area, and get baek to billets whieh were 
oceupied by women and children, than have 
enjoyed the safeness of some of the quieter 
areas where lire was mueh more monotonous. 
One has often heard grumbles at the Freneh 
peasant for sueh things as making a charge for 
the use of buckets to draw water with. But 
when one learned the number of buekets which 
were lost a certain sympathy grew towards the 
owner. It was surprlSlng how domestieated 
most of the men beeame, helping in the houses 


and playing with the children, for J ock is a 
kind-hearted fellow. 
The possibilities for bathing in this area were 
also good. Many of the large coal mines had a 
splendid system of baths at the minehead. 
The French miner keeps his clothes at the mine, 
and when he bas done his day's work there 
is a good spray bath heated by the exhaust 
steam waiting for him. After that he purs on 
his ordinary clothes, leaving his working clothes 
tobe dried for the next day. There were also 
large wooden towers used for cooling and con- 
densing purposes, the water dropping from the 
top into a tank 4o or 5o feet long and about 
6 feet deep. These made splendid bathing 
ponds, where the men were able to enjoy a swim, 
even when the weather was inclined tobe cold, 
as the water was always more or less warm. 
" I-Iutments," such as existed towards the 
end of the war, had not yet corne into use, so 
that men were billeted in bouses and fatras, 
some occupied and some not. There were few 
sadder sights, or one which brought home the 
horrors of war, than some of those deserted 
mining villages. The once pretty little gardens 
now buried under the bricks, mortar, and 
beams of the shattered houses, through which 
an odd flower would force its way, the roses still 
clinging to the broken garden railings. Inside 
the bouse was strewn with women's clothing, 
children's toys, perambulators, etc., pointing 
out how hurriedly the once happy home 
had been sacrificed in order to escape the 

4 6 


enelny's shells, or even greater cruelties, for the 
Hun was no respecter of woinen or children. 
What anguish of heart these poor women must 
bave suffered. Hay lofts ruade good billets, but 
trouble lay for the unwary, as there was no 
floor, the hay being supported on the top of 
beams. If the layer of hay was rhin through 
you went. A stout sergeant, while taking roll 
call one night, thus suddenly disappeared. 
Luckily his fall »vas brokcn by landing on the 
back of a cow sleeping beloxv, much toits sur- 
prise and annoyance. 

july '6] 47 


E now received definite orders that we 
xvere to leave the area and to move in a 
southerly direction. We were hot told 
where we were going, but as xve knew the Battle 
of the Somme had started, it was hot difficult 
to guess. The only point which might have 
raised any doubt in our nfinds was the fact 
that the men had been worked almost to a 
standstill in the sector which we were leaving, 
and they had been encouraged to do so by 
being informed on more than one occasion by 
the Higher Command that this activity was 
the part they xvere called upon to play in order 
to assist in the great attack which was going on 
further south. However, we had all become 
old soldiers by this rime, and therefore quite 
expected to learn that, in spire of such promises, 
it had become necessary to employ us in the 
battle line, and we set off cheerfully southwards 
with the full intention of once nmre proving 
to the Boches what we could do in the fighting 
line. In fact, many would have been sorry, in 
their hearts, had a big battle taken place with- 

out our Battalion having a hand in it. It would 
have been looked upon as a reflection on the 
Battalion that a big fight could possibly be 
carried through without out aid! 
We started this march on the OE3rd July, and 
proceeded to Dievel, where we had two days' 
rest. From there we continued the march 
through Gouy, Occoches, Autheux, Maours, 
Mirvaux and Lahoussoue, arriving near Albert 
on the 8th August. This march was one of the 
most enjoyable periods which the Battalion 
spen in France. The veather was extremely 
hot, and the marching was done in the early 
morlfing, generally starting an hour or so before 
dawn, and complefing the march by 9 or o a.m. 
This saved us trudging along m the burning 
heat, and also allowed the menthe remainder 
of the day for rest or amusement. The route 
was well behind the line, through villages which 
had not been destroyed. As a rule we were 
not billeted in the houses, but bivouaced in 
fields, if possible beside a river, where the men 
were able to bathe and play gaines. It was 
noticeable how physique and spirits improved 
as the match went on, and by the time we 
reached Albert we were all on the top of out 
At &lbert we once more bivouaced in a field 
on the south side of the 1nain road, about one 
toile west of the totn. By this rime we were 
quite experienced at making shelters out of all 
kinds of odds and ends. When at Albert we 
adopted the plan of wearing the smoke-helmet 

Aug. '61 ALBERT. 49 
as a sporran. This was hot only a very con- 
renient way of carrying it behind the lines, 
but when the satchel was properly washed it 
also looked very smart. It »vas soon possible 
to realise the severity of the fighting, as there 
was abundant evidence of the action which had 
taken place over the area. There was hardly 
a square yard of ground that was hot ploughed 
up by shell, the whole area being composed of 
holes of different sizes. On the 7th we moved 
forward. As »ve marched through Albert we 
saw that wonderful sight of the statue of the 
Virgin and Child which had been on the top 
of the cathedral tower originally, but, having 
been hit by a shell, now stood out at right 
angles overlooking the square. The Child, held 
out at arms length over the head of the blessed 
Virgin, appeared tobe gazing at and invoking 
a blessing on the troops passing below. We 
were now to take the switch-line, which formed 
part of the German systenl of trenches in front 
of Contalmaison. We had previously pre- 
pared out jumping-off trenches, which we left 
at 8.55 a.m., following strong artillery barrage. 
The German front-line was taken without much 
difficulty, many of the enemy surrendering. 
Ve reached out objective and started digging 
in, but the enemy developed a bombing attack 
from a trench on out right, and Captain MacRae, 
along with Lieut. Orr, started counter-bombing. 
Out supply of bombs began to give out, but 
happily there were large numbers of German 
bombs lying about, and with these we were 

able to do good execution, especially as »ve 
round that we could get a longer range with 
these than with out own. Luckily, when we 
were getting short handed from casualties, we 
were able to get the assistance of two platoons 
of the 9th Gordons to carly bombs from the 
rear up to out bombers. 
In the meantime it was apparent that, owing 
to casualties, we were hot sufficiently strong 
to hold the elbow and force the trench where 
the Germans had formed a block. Unfor- 
tunately, the Stokes Gun Team had been put 
out of action. Lieut. Anderson, who was m 
charge of the guns, did magnificent work for a 
tilne, feeding and firing the guns himself while 
the team were sent away to fetch more ammu ni- 
tion. Our casualties had now been severe, and 
it was evidently necessary to forma further 
attack to clear the remainder of the trenches 
if we were to maintain the ground already won. 
This was organised with the assistance of a 
party of the Seaforth IKighlanders who had 
arrived as a carrying party. About this rime 
it was noticed that the Germans were massing 
near the Martinpuich-Pozieres road, but our 
artillery soon brought their tire on to them 
and broke them up. Out counter-attack was 
launched at 5.5o p.m., and was entirely suc- 
Our easualties were heavy, 5 officers being 
killed and 9 wounded, while among the tank 
and file 44 were killed, x6 were missing believed 
killed, and x67 wounded. For this action we 

Sept. '6] FRAMVlLLERS. 5I 

leceived several congratulations, that from the 
G.O.C. 4th Army stating :m 

" Please convey the Army Commander's congratulations to 
the I5th and st Divisions on their successes and the enter- 
prise they are displaying, which is invaluable at this stage of the 

We carried on in this area up till the I9th 
September, when we were relieved by the 8th 
Yorks of the 23rd Division, and went back into 
Divisional reserve at Framvillers. 
ttere we remained carrying out training 
until the 5th October, when we once more 
marched up and bivouaced at Beaucourt, going 
into the front line on the IIth, which by this 
rime had been advanced as far as Le Sars. 
On the I3th October the Regimental Sergeant- 
Major, A. K. Scott, D.C.M., was killed. 
had joined the Battalion early in I914, and 
had been with it ever since. He was an excep- 
tionally good R.-S.-M., a strict disciplinarian, 
handling those under him with tact, a splendid 
orgamser for whom no amount of work seemed 
too much. A brave man and a born soldier, 
he was respected and beloved by all who came 
in contact with him. The weather now was 
broken and the ground was becoming a quag- 
mire, owing to the innumerable shell-holes 
being full of water. Out front line consisted of 
a series of these shell-holes, which ruade all 
movements by day impossible, and at night, 
owing to the lack of any sort of landmarks, it 
was the simplest thing possible to lose one's 
way. The reserve positions were at Contal- 

maison. It was a long wealT match from the 
front line back to this point, threading one's 
way in the dark between the shell-holes. After- 
wards there was a duckboard track, but as it 
was well known to the enemy it was often 
shelled. It was especially hard upon Lewis 
Gun Temns and Bombers, who had to carry 
their supplies of drums and ammunition and 
bags of bombs. We tried once or txvice leaving 
out ammunition and taking over the relieving 
Battalion's so as to save carrying, but the men 
always complained that the mnmunition, etc., 
handed over to them xvas dirty, and they would 
prefer to stick to their own. 
It xvas exhausting enough xvalking through 
the mud m ordinary kit, but the physical 
exertion became ahnost unendurable at the end 
of two or three hours when a man, in addition 
to his rifle and 12o rounds, had to earry a 
heavy load which caused him to sink deep in the 
mud at every step. One was filled with 
admiration at the pluck and endurance of the 
young lads who did it. 
It was intended that we should carry out 
another attack, but, although the Battalion 
moved twice up to the line for this purpose, on 
each occasion it had tobe postponed, as the 
weather had rendered the ground impassable. 
Jumping-off trenches, however, were prepared. 
On one occasion, when the attack looked 
imminent, the Battalion was brought back into 
the line, the Brigadier stating that the parties 
who had been put on to the work had hot been 

Nov. 'I6] BRESLE. 53 

able to make much progress, and that he felt 
sure that if we took it on it would be completed 
This nice colnpliment compensated us for being 
brought back into the line belote out rime, 
and spurred on the men to finish the task-- 
which they did. 
On the 4th November we once more went 
into Divisional Reserve at Bresle. Here we 
took over a camp which had been kept in 
splendid order. Even the tent boards had been 
thoroughly scrubbed by those belote us, which 
created in out minds a very favourable inl- 
pression of the outgoing 13attalion. The camp 
stood on high ground outside the village. We 
were given the choice of being billeted in the 
village or occupying the camp, but the advan- 
tages of all being together in a clean place 
more than colnpensated for hOt going into 
billets which at the best appeared very dirty. 
Tlle cold, however, was intense, the water being 
frozen solid inside the tent every mormng. 
The officers rather envied the men sleeping in a 
crowded tent, as they had a better chance of 
being warm. So far, unfortunately, we had 
only been able to get one blanket per man. 
The cold did hot, however, affect the men's 
health. The ay in which health improved 
even in the trenches when the frost came 
was remarkable. No doubt it must have 
saved the spreading of infection, as in the line 
there were still a great many dead lying un- 
buried, and evely shell-hole was full of stagnant 

\Ve carried out a varied programme of 
training, being lucky enough to have a rifle- 
range close at hand. 13y tliis time the Army 
»vas once more realising the advantages of the 
rifle, which had for some time been sadly ne- 
glected in favour of the bomb, an instrument 
which is exceedingly use[ul in trench warfare 
where the sal»heads and trenches are a few 
yards from each other, but perfectly useless 
in more or Iess open warfare. The average 
man could hOt throw a bonib more than 20/30 
yards, and at that range it was almost as danger- 
ous to tlle thrower as to the enemy. It was 
extraordinalç, however, wbat a hold it got 
of the troops, a large part of even the home 
training evidently being devoted toit. Out 
main object now was to make the men realise 
that their best friend was their rifle. There 
is a story told of one instance »vhere a man was 
seen chasing a 13oche within 3o/4o yards of 
him in order to tw and get within easy bombing 
distance ! It apparently never struck him that 
with his rifle the Boche was a certain target at 
this distance. 
We also had good ground at 13resle for practice 
in the construction oI strong points. At this 
time plenty of amusement could always be got 
by visiting the officer's riding school, carried 
on from 7 to 8 in the morning. The whole day, 
however, »vas hot devoted merely to instruc- 
tional training, part of every afternoon being 
devoted to sports, especially football. Even 
in the hottest weather or after a long march 


the men would hardly be in their billets before 
somebody had the football out. 
OEhe Brigade Gaines were held here, and 
everyone went in for all sorts of training with 
the çbject of trying to win the Championship. 
The sports were held in the field below our 
camp on the 2Ist November, the Championship 
events being the IOO yards, the mile, the cross 
country race, the long and high j umps, the 
tug-of-war, putting the weight, tossing the 
caber, and football. The points scored were :-- 

Gordons ........... 14 
Black Watch ......... 14 
Seaforths ........... 23 
Camerons ........... 25 

So that we, for the third time, won the silver 
bugle, as the Champions of the Brigade. The tug- 
of-war was a most tremendous affair, the final 
of which was an all over pull, lasting about 25 
minutes. The Camerons" team in the first 
period of the pull were over with the excep- 
tion of three men, but by degrees they slowly 
recovered themselves, and finally, by a sort 
of cross between a war dance and a quick march, 
they pulled the other team over the line. 
The excitement was intense ! The training for 
this event was very amusing. On both sides 
the trainers were old soldiers who had competed 
with each other many rimes before in India 
and elsewhere. If either Sergt.-Major while 
training his team saw the other approaching, 
it did hOt matter how far off, the training 

would promptly cease, as they were certain 
that the opponent was out to gain tips ! Sergt.- 
Major Vass was responsible for the splendid 
training of the winning Cameron tealn. 
While at Bresle we had the honour of being 
inspected by the G.O.C. in C., Field lXlarshal 
Sir Douglas Haig. He colnplimented us highly 
on the part we had t,aken in the Battle of the 
Somme, and expressed himself as greatly 
pleased with tlie appearance of the Battalion. 
On the ISt Decelnber we moved back once 
more into Albert, via Laviville and Millencourt, 
preparatory to going into the line. \Vhile 
behind the line we had a strenuous time cleaning 
and repairing the roads. The Corps Com- 
mander issued a special Order, stating that 
" l-le wished to place on record his great appreci- 
ation of the »york done by the troops on the 
roads, railways, and tramlines during out last 
six weeks in the Corps area, and that with the 
adverse conditions he fully realised the great 
amount of extra vork which it involved, but 
trusted that all ranks would realise how essential 
the work was in view of future operations, 
and, further, tor their own welfare." 
Moving into "Scots Redoubt," on the I6th, we 
once more took up out duty in the front line. 
By this rime trench feet began to appear--a 
trouble which always existed during the mud, 
cold and wet of winter. It was a satisfaction 
to know, however, that the Highland Brigade 
suffered less in this respect than any other 
brigade in the Division, the possible reason being 

Dec. '16] TRENCH-FEET. 57 

the vearing of hose tops instead of puttees. 
When the puttee gets wet itis very apt to shrink 
and press upon the leg, intertering vitll the 
circulation. The I-Iighlanders, ho»vever, vere 
able to wear two pairs of hose tops, thereby 
keeping the men's legs warm without interfering 
with the circulation, by pressing the feet 
into boots vhen wearing two pairs of socks. 
They acted the saine way as mittens do 
for the hands. Itis pleasing to realise that 
the IIighland garb once Inore proved of value 
as a fighting kit. In order to prevent trench 
feet all men had to rub their feet and legs with 
whale oil. This order had tobe carried out 
most strictly, fault always being round if it 
was not donc. 
On one occasion, when solne inen were in the 
outpost line for I2 hours--which consisted of 
a small shell-hole full ot water--one ot them 
developed trench feet on his return. Fault 
was round because he had gone xe hours without 
oiling his feet, even although he had donc so 
inmediately before going on and coming off 
duty. On it being pointed out that it was 
impossible for a man to go through this per- 
formance while standing in water in an exposed 
shell-hole, the reply came back that there was 
no reason why he should not stand on one foot, 
lift the other out of the water, oil it and put 
it back again ! A performance which no doubt 
seemed simple to those behind the lines, but 
was hot so easily carried out in practice. An- 
other point which was insisted on was twing 



to get the men to put on dry socks. Of course 
it was quite impossible to dry the socks in the 
line, but solne genius behind the lines was struck 
with the brilliant idea that the men should 
carry a sock in each trouser pocket, which would 
be an effective way of drying them. This order 
was circulated around the whole o[ the High- 
land Brigade, without anybody realising the 
difficulty that a lnan in the kilt would have in 
finding his trouser pockets! 
No moveluent could take place near the 
outpost lines in daylight, which necessitated 
the C.O. and others, if they wished to see the 
outpost and forward lines, making a tour just 
belote sunrise. I-Iardly was there a day that 
the Brigadier and his staff did not go round 
these posts, no marrer whether they were deep 
in mud or SHOW. There being no continuous 
line of trenches, it »vas the simplest thing to 
lose one's way. One morning an officer who 
had j ust relieved one o[ the posts, bringing with 
him the rum ration, set out to walk over to the 
next post in order to give them their ration. 
It was a foggy morning with snow on the ground, 
and, unfortunately, he missed the post and 
wandered on into the German lines, the Bat- 
talion thereby losing a very capable officer and 
also the rum ration, which from the men in the 
pos.t's point o[ vie»v, was possibly the more 
senous. The enemy, however, were apt to do 
the saine, and on more than one occasion we 
got German prisoners who had wandered from 
their own line. 

oe«. 'x6] THE IIUD. 59 

We were unfortunate enough to have to spend 
Christmas in the front line, but were relieved 
on Christlnas night, and moved back to Shelter 
Wood. It was quite impossible to hold our 
Christmas and New Year dinner there, as the 
camps were hardly more comfortable than the 
front line. The mud was indescribable, and 
it was with the greatest difficulty that ordinary 
rations could be got. Thanks to the sea of Inud, 
it was hot possible to distinguish between the 
points where the road was solid and where there 
was a shell hole. It was no uncommon sight 
to sec a mule team up to their necks in water. 
Sometimes it even necessitated the wretched 
animals being destroyed. One of the senior 
officers took it upon himself to try and tope 
with the lnud in the camp, and was promptly 
appointed " O.C. Mud ! " His system was to 
eut trenches into which the mud was pushed 
by means of a kind of shovel, then everybody 
stood along the trench armed with more of these 
shovels and kept the mud on the more till it 
reached the edge of the camp. The idea was 
good, but unfortunately mud seemed tobe 
created as .quickly as it was removed, and for 
those movlng about at night these trenches 
with their slimy contents were regular traps. 
In consequence of the difficulties of trans- 
port all stores were very short, especially coal. 
One had, therefore, to resort to all kinds of means 
in order to get fuel. Luckily, what once had 
been beautiful woods were situated near the 
camp, but now all the trees were smashed and 

torn up by artillery. There were strict orders, 
however, that no wood should be cut without 
permission being received from the French 
Woods and Forests Delarglnent, Paris. The 
acting C.O. used, therefore, to sally forth into 
the wood with a party of men to collect fuel, 
Illtlcll to the fear of the Adjurant, who always 
expected to sec hiln arrested for doing so. I-Ie, 
however, calnled his conscience (if hat was 
necessary) by only removing the fallen timber. 
It was our rate to spend Hoglnanay of this 
year once again in the front line. It xvas gener- 
ally expected tllat the Boclles would do some- 
thing to celebrate the occasion, but luckily 
our prophecies proved wrong. 
\Ve could look back on the old year 1916, 
with pride. We had donc a lot of hard work 
and strenuous fighting. In spire of heavy 
casualties, tlle Battalioll was as keen and effi- 
cient as ever. Our successes had added to our 
espri! de corps. We were no longer a new 
Battalion witllout a history. We could now 
draw inspiration from the feats of arlns we had 
ourselves accomplished, as well as from that of 
tlle old Regiment to which we were all so proud 
to belong. 
Sonletimes one vonders if the ardour of the 
work, apart from its discomfort and danger, is 
fully realised by those who never experienced 
it. I-Iow often has one heard those at home 
remark : "Oh, yes, while you fellows are 
fighting, we are doing our bit at home--we 
have curtailed our holidays, and we don't get 

Jan. '7] TRENCH LIFE. 61 

a»vay from our work till 6 and 7 at night." 
Even Staff Officers would impress on you the 
long hours they worked, and without doubt 
most of them did work hard: an officer at 
G.I-I.Q. would be in his office by 9 a.m., and, 
with the exception of meal hours and an hour 
for necessary exercise, he would hot leave his 
duties till airer IO p.m. While all this is ad- 
mitted, yet it would be wrong to iinagine that 
the Regimental Officer did hot also have long 
hours. Moreover, when his work was donc he 
had no comfortable bed in which to rest. Even 
to take one's clothes off was looked upon as a 
luxury. It lnight be of interest, therefore, to 
put on record an ordinary day's work of a 
Company Commander in the line. 
During the day he was kept busy with in- 
specting his line, visits from Staff Officer, 
making up returns, answering correspondence, 
organismg night working parties, indenting for 
material, and the many other matters of the 
daily routine. A_t night again, when the 
rations came up, the C.Q.M.S. would arrive 
for instructions regarding pay, rations, de- 
tailing of men for leave, courses, etc. After 
that he had working parties to visit, sentries 
to be inspected, examinlng localities which 
could hot be visited in daylight, officers coming 
from patrols to interview, prepare and write 
out patrol and other reports which had to be at 
Brigade I-Ieadquarters before 6 a.m. These 
are some of the duties which occupied him 
during the night. From this it can be realised 

that the officer in the line generally got two or 
three hours sleep at odd intervals during the 
night, and with luck another two hours 
during the day. And remember that he had 
to sleep often in a damp shelter or draughty 
dug-out in his wet clothes without even a 
valise to lie on, manv a rime with hot so 
much as a blanket to roll round him. When 
behind the line in " rest billets" he was 
nlore comfortable, as he would bave his "flea- 
bag " on the floor of a Nissen hut, but still he 
was hard xvorked. I-Iis day vas occupied with 
training, clothing, etc., and his evening with 
preparlng training programmes and the many 
othcr details of rumnng a Company. There 
werc aso night working parties of which he 
would have to take his turn every third or 
fourth night, when he would be up until 3 or 4 in 
the morning. From this the civilian who thinks 
he was hard worked by doing eight hours a day 
without any days off (on big pay) can realise 
that the soldier was doing as much, if not more, 
with all the discomforts and risks over and 
Oll the ISth January Lieut.-Colonel D. E. 
M. M. Crichton took over comlnand of the 
Battalion, Colonel Marsh having gone down the 
line sick. We were all sorry to part with 
Colonel Marsh, who was a lzood soldier, and who 
had been with us through àll tlle fighting in the 
Somme. I-Ie was suffering Iron Iever, the 
result of many years serwce in India, and 
which had been aggravated by the exposure of 

Jan. '7] DUG-OUT FIRE. 6 3 

wintering in the Somme. Lire under the best 
circumstances was most miserable, but to have 
all the depression of lever on the top of it must 
have been exceedingly trying, although many of 
us at the rime did hot know what he had to 
One of our experiences about this time was a 
dug-out tire, some bri]liant genius putting a 
brazier on the top of a box of Verey-lights, 
which after a time went off and started shoot- 
ing about the dug-out. The dug-out was situ- 
ated in the front line in the Le Sars sunken road, 
which was generally a sea of mud, often over- 
ftowing down into the dug-out. One would 
bave thought that it was impossible for any of 
the timber saturated with mud and water to 
burn. This soon proved to be wrong, as the 
tire worked its way up one of the stairs, getting 
a splendid down-draught from the others. The 
place was soon a roaring furnace. The officers 
and men set about building up a barricade with 
sandbags. This was an exciting experience, 
for the Verey-lights kept shooting about as the 
tire increased m intensity, and might at any 
moment have set tire to the boxes of bombs, 
etc. One of the men actually ordered an 
officer out with the remark, " it was no place 
for him," when he began to realise the danger. 
Perhaps this was hot strictly in accordance 
with the idea of army discipline, but at any rate 
it shewed the good spirit and affection that 
existed between the officers and men. 
At the beginning of February we were re- 

lieved by the 5th Australian Brigade, the ISth 
Australian taattalion relieving the Camerons. 
We went back through taecourt to Contay, 
where we went into corps reserve, nominally 
for a re, but practically for intensive training. 
In this little village we at last got the oppor- 
tunity of holding out long-delayed Christmas 
and New Year dimler, which took place by 
Conlpanies. The 2nd in Connnand and the 
Padre proceeded to Amiens to purchase pro- 
visions for the revels--pigs, wme, beer, etc. 
The first had to be bought alive in the Pig 
Market, where acquaintance was struck up 
with the most villainous looking Frenchman. 
The porkers were chosen from the fat ones 
that squealed the loudest when poked in the 
ribs by the Padre's stick. The dinners were 
a great success. The Parish Priest was a guest 
at the Officer's dinner, and appeared to be a 
good judge of wine, and thoroughly to enjoy 
his meal, besides being a very j olly old gentle- 

Feb. ' 7] 65 



UR rest was not for long, hoxvever, as 
we started once lnore fo nlove north 
on the I5th February, leaving the 
Somme area for good. Ail will look back 
upon the Somme as a sort of horrible night- 
mare of mud and vater, of scarcity of fresh meat 
rations, fuel, etc., of long and weary marches 
up to Le Sars and back again to the camps 
in "Scots Redoubt" and Metz Wood, where 
the conditions were almost as bad as in the front 
line. Not a place where the men could be 
entertained, not a Y.M.C.A. or other but within 
mlles of the front line, hot a civilian to be seen. 
The Lewis Gunners had a specially hard rime 
of it pulling their hand carts through the 
mud and shell-holes. The design was selected 
at home, doubtless with great care, but 
they must bave been tested on the Guards' 
Parade or other sound ground. For the work 
in hand it would be difficult to imagine a worse 
pattern than that of these carts with their thin 
lron wheels set close in to the side of the cart 
and without any guiding pole or shafts. 
Luckily they were soon abandoned. The cold 


in the line during the winter was intense. Owing 
to the rnuddy conditions the men could not 
take their great coats with them, but they 
were now so hardy that this exposure did not 
affect their health. 
Nov and then an officer was able to " lorry 
julnp " bacl¢ to Amiens, and spend the evening 
round Charlie's Bar, or dine at a most excellent 
restaurant, where the dinners and wines were 
good and the waitresses pleasing to look upon. 
In fact, the sight of a woman, however ugly, 
was a delight. \Ve fitted up at Albert a bouse 
which acted as a kind of test billet for those 
suffering from slight ailrnents. The Town 
Major was always threatening to turn us out, 
but we eontrived to keep sufficiently in his 
favour to prevent this catastrophe. We 
managed to fit up a long passage as a drying 
room, with the assistance of sorne water pipes 
which the R.E.'s kindly dumped in the square 
in flont of the bouse, and which we quietly 
appropriated during the night. This bouse 
proved of the greatest value, as the ternporarily 
sick were ernployed in washing socks and hose- 
tops, whieh were dried in this room, so that 
every night we were able to send up a supp!y 
of dry socks, etc., to the rnen in the line m 
exchange for their dirty wet ones. No doubt 
this test had an excellent effect on the men's 
health, and saved rnany frorn having to go to 
The transport were generally in lines about 
La Boiselle Crater. Sometimes those in the 

Feb. 'I7] CONTAY. 6 7 

front line inagined that the transport had a 
" cushy " rime. But one is rather apt to think 
that the "other man " has the best of a bargain. 
No doubt they did hot surfer the casualties 
of front-line troops, but their hours were long 
and weary. By night they struggled up with 
the rations, etc., often through shell tire, their 
carts up to the axles in mud, and the mules 
sometines being nearly drowned by falling 
into shell-holes, out of which it was a long and 
weary business to extricate thenl. During the 
day they had to clean and feed their animals 
and collect the rations from the " train." They 
thus were working practically night and day, 
in all veathers and during all hours. It was 
wonderful how the men and anilnals were able 
to carry on. 
We left Contay with regret. This was the 
first place where we had seen any sort of civilian 
life for nonths ; and we had just settled down 
and begun to make friends with the in_habitants 
when we had to more on. The Mayor came 
and expressed his regret that we were going 
away, and told us that the inhabitants had 
greatly appreciated the good conduct and kind- 
ness of the men. We marched to Moucheaux, 
via Beauval, Gazaincourt, Bouquemaison and 
Crosiette. IYere we settled down once more 
to train, as we learned that we were to take 
part in a big attack. This attack was delayed, 
as it could hot take place until the new railway 
line from Doullens to Arras was COlUpleted. 
}Ve soon received orders that practically the 



whole of the Battalion was to move to Milly 
undcr Major Macleod, to form a working- 
pmoEy on the railway cutting there. The men 
thoroughly enjoyed this change of employment, 
which consisted of three shifts of eight hours 
each per 24 hours, digging at the cutting. 
There is nothing a soldier appreciates nore than 
to knov the nulnber of hours he will be employed 
and hov long he is going to get to himself. 
IIe hates being messed about. There was also 
ail element of competition in the work, as the 
total earth excavated by each shift was duly 
recorded, and the rivalry between Battalions 
and " shifts " to reach highest out-put was 
very keen. 
At first we had great diflîculty with our 
rations. By solne mistake no arrangements 
had been lnade for these. The D.A.Q.M.G., 
when appealed to, said he would indent for us, 
but that according to the regulations they 
could hot be supplied for 3 days. After the 
Major had ridden round the country for some 
hours he round a Railhead Oflîcer, who, realis- 
ing the situation, and not being quite hide- 
bound to the Regulations, gave us some tins of 
bully beef and biscuits. Next day the hunt 
eommenced again, and finally Corps I-I.Q. put. 
the marrer right. Theoretically, there ls no 
difference between rations of Corps and other 
troops, but there is no doubt we never got 
rations anything like those »ve received when 
acting as Corps troops. 
On 24th February, 1917, the Battalion 

Nar. '71 ARRAS. 69 

I-Ieadquarters moved to Maizeres, the working 
party returning from Milly on 2nd March. On 
the 6th, the Brigade was inspected by the 
Commander-in-Chief at Ambrine. The Brigade 
was drawn up in quarter column in fighting 
dress. The Commander-in-Chier expressed 
himself highly pleased with the appearance 
and steadiness of the Brigade, and gave direc- 
tions that this should be communicated to all 
On the Ilth March the 44th Brigade relieved 
the 45th Brigade in support in Arras, the route 
being by Penin, Tilloy, I-Iermaville, St. Pol- 
Arras Road. The sheer destruction of the 
Boche was very apparent. Belote the war 
the great straight roads had been lined with 
splendid trees. These for miles he had eut down 
and left on the road side. Even the fruit trees, 
for which this district was famous, had all been 
ruthlessly destroyed. As the Battalion got 
near Arras the roads became very congested 
with traffic, and the men had to more off the 
highway or dodge between traffic in ordeÆ to 
get on. By the rime we passed under the 
Baudimont Gare the hour when the troops 
were allowed out of billets had arrived. The 
streets were absolutely packed with men and 
vehicles. Although Arras was practicalb in 
the front line the inhabitants remained in their 
shops, and though shutters were up and no 
lights could be shown a brisk trade was still 
carried on inside the shops. One of the peculiar 
things was that the 13oche seldom shelled the 

town after daylight. If he had done so he 
would certainly have caused heavy casualties, 
and as he lllUSt have heard the roar of heavy 
traffic, it is diflïcult to understand wlly he did 
not take this opportunity of doing serious 
Our first experience in the line at Arras was 
in the celnetely de[ences, a somewhat gruesome 
place, and subject fo the usual attentions of the 
Boclles to such a place. One man went to 
hospital with what seemed to be a small piece 
of shell in his cheek, but when the M.O. 
extracted it, it was discovered to be a tooth, 
apparently belonging to Olle o:[ the rightful 
inhabitants ! Good shelter was to be had inside 
some of the tombs. 
On I8th March "D " Company carried out 
a raid on the enemy's lines. The zero hour 
was 2.50, and Captain W. D. Stuart was 
ill command, along with Lieut. Semple and 
Lieut. Morton. The 9th and I2th Division 
co-operated by similar raids on their fronts. 
The object of the raid was to destroy enemy 
dug-outs, and to obtain identifications and infor- 
mation regarding the enemy's lines. 
The raiding party took up position along 
tapes which had been previously laid out by 
Captain 8tuart. The raiders advanced in two 
parties (each two platoons) through separate 
gaps in the enemy's wire. They met with no 
diflïculty in forming up, although an enemy 
party of about 4o strong had been seen working 
in front of their wire shortlv before. An enemy 

Iar. 'Iï] " D " COMPANY RAID. 

machine gun kept firing through the gaps in 
the wire, but this xvas luckily put out of action 
by a direct hit from a shell. Both parties suc- 
ceeded in getting through the wire and entering 
the enemy's trenches without encountering the 
enemy. The tire trench was found to be badly 
damaged, and the control trench, a few yards 
in the rear, was discovered to be very wide and 
deep (about IO feet). The party working to 
the north came across six dug-outs. Voices 
were heard in them all. Each dug-out was 
bombed by means of Stoke shells. Wire frames 
acting as blocks had been erected in both the 
tire and communication trenches, and these 
made movement along the trenches diPacult. 
In most cases the parties had to climb out of 
the trenches and go round the top. 
The party working south found ten dug-outs ; 
two entrances had been blown in by the artillery 
bombardment, the remainder were destroyed 
with Stoke shells. No dead were found in the 
trenches, but all dug-outs were still occupied 
by the enemy. A machine gun in an emplace- 
ment was destroyed. No gas cylinders were 
seen nor identifications obtained. A party of 
3o or 4o Boches were seen and fired at as they 
retired through our box barrage. This was 
thought to be the wiring party which had been 
seen earlier in the evening. One of the dug- 
outs which we destroyed caught tire. The 
maiority of the party returned to our trenches 
at 3.25 a.m., though one officer and a Lewis 
gunner, who were carrying a wounded man, did 


not return till later. The enemy barrage did 
not corne down till 3 a.m., when the support 
line--Islington Street--and the cemetery were 
heavily shelled. The enemy put up the usual 
nulnber of lights, those well behind the line 
bursting into golden rain. Our casualties 
amounted to I killed, I missing believed to be 
killed, and 35 wounded. Two died of wounds. 
The following special orders were issued : 

" The G.O.C. I5th Division wishes to convey his appreciation 
to all ranks who took part in this rnorning's raid, and his con- 
gratulations on the success achieved. 
" The Corps Commander wishes to congratulate M1 con- 
cerned in the preparation, execution and success of the raid 
carried out by the 7th Cameron IIighlanders." 

The C.O. issued a special order congratulating 
Captain W. G. Stuart, M.C., 2nd Lieuts. Semple 
and Morton, Sergeant A. M'Donald, Lance- 
Corporal J. Kelly and Privates G. M'l,ean and 
W. Marston on the gallant and conspicuous 
part they took in the raid. A special order was 
also issued by the Army Commander congratu- 
lating the 44th and 46th Brigades on the 
successful raids carried out during the month. 
From the 3rd to the 7th of April the 
Battalion was billeted in the cellars of the 
Grand Place, Arras, preparatory to the battle. 
The shelling by the enemy was now considerable, 
but we only suffered two casualties. Before 
the attack the Padre held a Communion Service 
in one of the large cellars, in which many of 
the officers and men Dartook. It was indeed 
a unique and solemn Service. Every now and 

Apr. 'x71 BATTLE OF ARRAS. 73 

then the sound of a shell bursting amongst the 
bouses above, or in the Grand Place, would 
drown the words of the Padre and shake the 
cellar. At 11.3o p.m. on the 8th the Battalion 
moved from the cellars dovn into sewers, along 
which they travelled to the communication 
trenches, and so to their assembly trench in 
front of the cemetery. The Battalion head- 
quarters were in the cellars of a house in Rue de 
At 3.2o a.m. on the 9th the Battalion was 
reported in position ready for the attack. The 
zero hour was 5.3o a.m. The attack com- 
menced with the 8/Ioth Gordons on the right, 
the 9th Black Watch on the left, and the 7th 
çamerons in support. The advance was carried 
out behind an intense barrage. The German's 
first system was gained with slight loss, the 
t2amerons occupying "O.G.I "' and "O.G.2." At 
7.3o a.m. the attack upon the second objective 
was commenced. The 9th Black Watch on the 
left were for a time held up at the Railway 
Triangle, where there was heavy fighting, and 
this also prevented the Gordons from reaching 
their objective. The (2amerons were then 
ordered to support the assaulting battalions, 
and with their assistance all objectives were 
gained. About 3 p.m. the (2amerons were 
ordered to relieve the Black Watch on the 
left. The Battalion was re-organised, "13 '" 
and "I)" (2ompanies moving forward, two 
platoons to " I-Iecq Trench," and two platoons to 
" Itelle Trench." " A " and " B " (2ompanies 

moved to " Cable Trench," which they started 
to consolidate about I p.m. Orders were then 
received to proceed eastwards to Feuchy, in 
support of the 45th Brigade. This more was 
carried out and completed by 4 p.m. Later 
it was arranged that the position occupied by 
us was to be taken over by the 6th Camerons 
(45th Brigade), and we were to move back to 
the trenches »ve had previously occupied. So 
ended the first phase of the battle. 
At 12.45 a.m. on the Ilth we heard that the 
attack was to be continued at 5 a.m. At 3 a.m. 
orders came through from Brigade to move 
into a position occupying part of the " Brmvn " 
line vhich had been captured previously by 
the 46th Brigade. This position »vas occupied 
by " A " Company on the right, " C " Company 
on the left, "B " Company right support, and 
"D " Company left su.pport. At II a.m. the 
Companies attacked in artillery formation, 
moving half-right for " Orange Hiil." As soon 
as the crest of the bill was reached we came 
under heavy machine gun and shrapnel tire, 
which for a time delayed the advance, but the 
Battalion finally worked forward and occupied 
a system of trenches about 1-I29 central. About 
2.54 p.m. a message reached us that the barrage 
was to again commence at 2.5 ° p.m., and the 
Brigade was to attack at 3- This gave only a 
few minutes to get the necessary orders issued, 
but about 3 p.m. the BatoEalion commenced the 
attack. Once again they came under excep- 
tionally heavy machine gun and shrapnel tire, 

Apr. 'I7] BATTLE OF ARRAS. 75 

but they succeeded in reaching a position 
running roughly between Lone Copse and 
lonchy. Here word was brought about 4.4o 
p.m. that the enemy was reported to be pre- 
paring a counter attack, and at once everyone 
was busy putting the trenches in a state of 
defence. Itowever, it was stated shortly after- 
wards that the counter attack was no longer 
to be expected. 
A great portion of the Battalion entered 
1Konchy, where they were placed under command 
of a Colonel of the Essex Yeomanry, vho vas 
in charge of the troops there. No one who vas 
in Monchy is likely to forger the sight. The 
casualties had been heavy amongst both 
men and horses, some of the latter being 
literally blown to pieces. Later, orders vere 
issued to O.C. Companies to withdrav and 
link up vith the Gordons from a line about 
IOO yards in front of the sunken road. This 
movelnent being completed about 3 a.m. On 
the I2th, the Battalion was relieved by a Com- 
pany of the çVorcester Regiment, and moved 
back into " Itelle Trench," vhich vas reached 
about 5.3o a.m. There it remained till 3 p.m., 
when it vas finally relieved and. moved into 
billets in Arras. The strength of the ]3attalion 
taking part in these operations vas 23 officers 
and 521 other ranks ; of these 12 officers and 175 
other raltks became casualties. The ogficer 
casualties were :-- 
Killed.--Lieuts. P. G. Jelakins, G. R. lXIorton, lXI.C., R. W. B. 
Semp!e, -[.C., J. I ». Smith, J. B. Rolaaldson, and 19 
other ranks. 

Wounded.--Captain G. A. C. Davy, Lieuts. S. C. Russell, J. A. 
ymon, D. M. Brown, J. K. M'Millan, . F. Forrest, 
and 128 other ranks. 
We have also to record the death of C.S.IL Cameron and Sergt. 
Dalgleish, two splendid N.C.O.'s. 
We all felt very sorry for Lieuts. Semple and 
MOl-ton, as these two splendid young officers 
had only on the day before the attack been 
awarded the Military Cross for their conspicu- 
ous gallantry in the raid which had taken place 
a few days previously. They were killed while 
the sincere congratulations of all ranks still 
sounded in their ears. 
.A_ special order was issued by the Commander- 
in-Chier :-- 
" My warmest congratulations on the impooEant success 
achieved by you yesterday. The manner in which the oper- 
ations were carried out reflects the greatest credit on Com- 
mander, staff and troops. Please convey to all employed my 
appreciation of the great skill and gallantry shown by them." 
The Corps Commander also issued a special 
order, expressing his appreciation and thards 
for the splendid work done both in the prepar- 
ation for, and execution of, the attack, l-le 
was particularly gratified by the energy dis- 
played by all ranks after the third objective 
xvas captured. 
The Divisional Commander issued the 
following special order :-- 
" z sth Divisional Commander feels sure that this generous 
acknowledgment of the work of the Division will be highly 
valued by ail. He wishes to add his own thanks. He is proud 
to bave under his command a Z)ivision in which officers, lXl.C.O.'s 
and men are inspired with so fixed a determination to do their 
duty. The task given fo the ISth Division in the Battle of 
2a'as was a vey heavy one, entailing hard work in preparation 
and great gallantry in attack. The diificulties of the operation 

Apr. '17] BATTLE OF ARRAS. 77 

only inspired ail ranks to greater effort, and brilliant success 
has been achieved. The crushing defeat of the enemy on 9th 
Apri was due to the discipline, hard work, utitiring energy, and 
magnificent gallantry of all ranks. Another page of honour 
has been added to the glorious record of the Division. The 
Divisional Commander wishes to thank every oflïcer, N.C.O. and 
man, and he feels that itis indeed an honour to command the 
victorious I5th Division." 

The signallers and runners during the battle 
of Arras had a severe rime, owing to the heavy 
shell and machine gun tire. The system of 
deep buried cable had hot yet been developed, 
all wires being laid over the open. Ïhey were 
therefore being constantly cut by shell tire, and 
the signallers had to be out continually, both 
night and day, repairing them. This also 
necessitated the use of runners to carry messages 
during the periods of the heavy bombardnent. 
Signallers and runners were picked men, as the 
work was hot only arduous and dangerous, but 
required both judgment and commonsense. We 
were lucky with the men chosen, as they on 
this and all other occasions did their work well, 
showing courage and devo£ion to duty. 
At the close of this phase of the battle, Lieut.- 
Colonel Crichton went down the line sick, the 
command of the Battalion being taken over by 
)ajor lV[acLeod. The Battalion was billeted 
in Arras up till the 23rd April, re-organising 
and absorbing fresh drafts. They also practised 
the attack in open order, and did a certain 
amount of rifle practice in the " butte de tir." 
We left our billets in Grand Place on the night 
of the 22nd, relieving the 8/Ioth Gordons. We 
were to attack the enemy on the 23rd, the first 

obiective being the " Blue " line. At 3.oEo a.m. 
the Battalion was in position, "D " Company 
being on the left, "A " Company on the right, 
" B" and " C" Companies in support. On 
our right were the Seaforths, on the left the 
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (45th 
The zero hour was 4-45 a.ln., when the 
Battalion colnlnenced to attack under a heavy 
barrage. The enemy ahnost at once opened 
a barrage on our front line, and also an intense 
machine gun tire from an emplacement on our 
ilmnediate front and from the high ground on 
the south side of Scarpe River. "i'he machine 
gun emplacement on our front was to !lave been 
knocked out by our trench lnortars, which 
were to open rapid tire on it hall a minute 
before we attacked; but this scheme was not 
carried into effect, and we suffered very heavy 
casualties when the nen got over the top and 
rushed the gun at the point of the bayonet. 
îhe fact that Lieut. Anderson, the trench 
mortar oNcer, was killed probably accounted 
for the failure of the trench mortar to knock 
out the machine gun. Lieut. Anderson was a 
inost skilled and gallant oNcer, beloved by all, 
and his death must have had a disconcerting 
effect on his men. He was a cheery individual, 
and had often rendered very valuable service 
in the attack. We lnissed him both as a soldier 
and as a man. After rushing the gun at the 
point of the bayonet, our right was held up by 
machine gun tire. Our !eft, in the meantime, 



pushed on to Bullet Trench, seizing the south 
end of it, taking about 40 prisoners and captur- 
ing a machine gun. tIere about 5.30 a.m., 
finding they were out of touch both on their 
left and right, they dug themselves in. The 
centre of the Battalion for a rime had bcen held 
up by the nlachine gun tire, but succeeded 
finally in advancing and fortifying a post about 
the sunken road (5.45 a.m.) A small party on 
the right, with the assistance of Cal»tain Morrison 
of the Black Watch, formed another post in 
the sunken road. By lO.3O those who were 
holding the post in Bullet Trench had managed, 
with the assistance of a few stokes and rifle 
grenades, to clear the trench up to the Cambrai 
Road, three posts being formed in the trenches. 
For a rime our right vas insecure, as 
the Black Watch, who had attacked the village 
of Guelnappe, had not succeeded in holding 
it, and had been driven out by the enemy. 
About 12 mid-day a new barrage was formed, 
under which we pushed forward the posts in 
the sunken road, advancing to a part of 
"Hammer Trench." These posts, being on high 
ground slightly in front of the village, spotted the 
enemy forming up for a counter attack against 
the Black Watch, and out Lewis Gunners were 
able to do considerable execution before the 
counter attack xvas broken 111». The 46th Bri- 
gade advanced through the 44th, and again 
our Lewis gunners were able to do good work 
in firing on the enemy as he retired from the 
trenches on the right. After re-organising the 

Battalion moved back to behind the "' Brown" 
line about 2 a.m. on the 24th. 
Everyone believed we were now donc with 
fighting for the rime being, as our casualties 
had been heavy, and we were all congratulating 
each other on being the lucky ones who had got 
through it. Next day, however, the Command- 
ing Officer received orders that we were to go 
back into the line in order to take Cavalry Farm 
on the 26th, as another Battalion had failed 
to do so. No doubt it was necessary, as there 
were no fresh troops available, but no one, 
unless he bas donc it, can realise the feelings of 
a Commanding Officer when he bas to order the 
men to turn round and go back into the fight 
under such circumstances. But he was proud 
of his men who, tired as they were, once more 
turned back and faced the enemy without a 
Owing to casualties in the previous fighting, 
we had now only three Company Officers left, 
besides the Commanding Officer and Lieut. 
Legate, who was acting as Adjurant. A request 
was ruade to be allowed to bring up fresh officers 
from the transport lines, but this was refused. 
Unfortunately, just as the Battalion was moving 
off, one of the three officers became a casualty, 
leaving only two, neither of whom had been in 
action before the previous day's fighting. Vhen 
we reached the lines and found that the Bat- 
talion was to carry out the attack on Cavalry 
Farm, the Commanding Officer suggested to 
Brigade that he would go forward to Company 

Lieut. Cb:lou,e.1 M.tCLEOD, C.M.G., D.S.O., 
c,Jnman,ded from 23t, d April. 1917, to 10th Juê. 1918. 

Apr. '7] CAVALRY FARM. 8 

tteadquarters, as the Battalion had been practi- 
cally reduced to the strength of a Company, 
especially in officers. IIowever, the Brigade 
would hot agree to this. 
The intention was that the Battalion was to 
take Cavalry Farm nd the trenches to the east 
of it. The 45th Brigade were to attack to the 
north of Cambrai Road, and take a German 
strong point so as to protect our left, while the 
Black Watch were to advance on our right 
and form a line of posts. As soon as the 
Battalion had captured the farm, the 9th 
Pioneer Gordons were to make a commum- 
cation trench up to it. "I'he attack com- 
rnenced at II p.m. We managed to capture 
the farm, but on getting past it we round the 
trench to the east strongly held by the enemy. 
'hese we attacked, but almost immediately 
round ourselves between two rires, coming from 
the trenches in front and from machine guns 
close on our left rear, situated in the strong 
point which the 45th Brigade had failed to 
capture. "fhe result was that we had 
to fall back on the farm. In the meantime 
the Gordons, having heard that we had taken 
the farm, came up to commence their trench. 
OEhey also came under the saine heavy cross tire 
as was holding up our advance, and had to 
withdraw. The Major in Command and many 
others become casualties. 
This information being received at the Bat- 
talion tteadquarters, the Commanding Officer 
decided to go forward and try to re-organise 

the attack. The communication trench was 
filled with 9th Gordons. and it became necessary 
to advance over the open, which was a slow 
process, as the ground was being swept by 
machine guns. On reaching the front line 
it was round crowded with tro.ops, in consequence 
of the Seaforths, who were In support, having 
moved forward into the front line when out 
Battalion had advanced to the attack. They 
were now mixed up with out men who had 
corne back. The Seaforths were ordered to 
withdraw to the support line, with the excep- 
tion of one Company which was retained to 
assist us in holding the front line. It was 
practically impossible to take the trenches east 
of the farm unless the strong point on the north 
side of the road was attackedl and captured. 
I-Iaving therefore formed posts in the farm and 
to the right, to link up with the Black Watch, 
he proceeded to the 45th Brigade Company, 
who had failed to capture the strong point on the 
north side of the road, and from which position 
the enemy were able to tire into out rear when 
we had gone forward. They informed him 
that they did not intend to attack the strong 
point again. This ruade it impossible for us to 
continue the attack beyond the farm with any 
chance of success. That evening the Battalion 
was relieved by the Seaforths, and moved into 
support. The next day the Battalion was 
occupied in burying dead. This work was 
diflïcult, as the enemy, seeing the movement, 
kept up intermittent shelling. I-Iowever, we 

managed to collect 64 bodies of Camerons, which 
we buried in one grave. The Commanding 
Oflîcer took the service, but had to limit the 
number of men present owing to the danger of 
casualties from shelling. 
In order to save space, the maority of men 
were buried lying on their side. A touching 
feature was the fact that someone had taken 
each man's arm and put it round the body lying 
next to him. From the top of the trench one 
could imagine that the men were sleeping, 
elnbraced in each other's arms, more especially 
as they »vere buried in their kilts just as 
they had fought, no blankets or other cover- 
ing being available. Altogether it was 
a most moving scene. The machine gun, 
which bas already been referred to, and 
wlfich should have been knocked out before 
the attack, had taken its toll, as most of 
these bodies were found round about its emplace- 
ment. One could well appreciate the desperate 
gallantry of the men who rushed it. We had 
the satisfaction, hoxvever, of knowing that 
many of the enemy's gun crew had been 
bayoneted by out men. 
A good example of the grit of the young officer 
and also the difficulty of obtaining accurate 
information regarding casualties was experi- 
enced. Lieut. Mackay was missing, and though 
several men were certain that they had seen 
him dead in a certain shell-hole, his body could 
hot be found. One reliable II.C.O. was so 
certain of its position that he guaranteed, 

if he were allowed to go out, he would 
return directly with the body. His re- 
request was granted, but proved a failure. 
As a marrer of fact, Mackay was found 
dead a considerable distance fulther on. He had 
been severely wounded where the men saw him, 
and they had been wrongly convinced that he 
was dead. He had been -ldlled finally 
by a direct hit. l-le must bave suffered severe 
wounds first of all, as his right hand, which had 
been blown off, and other wounds, had been 
dressed. Such wounds would bave more than 
justified anyone going back to the dressing 
station, but this brave young oflïcer, although 
stunned and wounded to such an extent that 
his own men thought he was dead, had evidently 
advanced with the remainder of the Battalion 
as soon as he had regained consciousness. 
I)uring the second phase of the operations, 
4 Headquarter oflïcers, 9 Company oflïcers, 
and 570 men were engaged, of whom 7 Company 
oflïcers and 369 men became casualties. Great 
praise is due to two young oflïcers who went 
through the whole of the battle (their first 
engagement), and who individually led the 
Battalion in the attack o11 Cavalry Farm. We 
must refer to Captain W. G. Stuart, who was 
killed on this occasion--better known as " W.G." 
l-le came out with the Battalion in 1915, and 
had taken part in all the fighting in which the 
Division had been engaed. A quiet, unassum- 
ing man, with a strong personality, he was 
known and loved noç only by the officers and 

Apr. 'I7] ARRAS 13ATTLE. 85 

men of his own ]3attalion, but throughout the 
Brigade. I-Ie seldom had a man of his Com- 
pany before the C.O. In fact, the apparent 
pain which it gave to " W.G." to think that a 
man had done anything to bring disgrace on his 
beloved Company was the greatest punishment 
that man could have. The men would have 
done anything for him, and discipline was main- 
tained out of love and regard for their Captain. 
If the Battalion on out left had succeeded 
in obtaining their objective, or had at least 
silenced the enemy, the attack on the farm 
would probably bave proved a success. On 
the night of the 28/29th of April the Battalion 
was relieved by the 3rd London Regiment, and 
withdrew into billets in the Grand Place. The 
fighting had been long and severe, and if fresh 
troops had been available to go through on the 
completion of the first "phase" the success might 
have been even greater. At the close of the 
fighting at that rime one was able to move a 
considerable distance forward at night without 
encountering the enemy, who must have been 
holding his line very lightly and far back. I-Ie 
had recovered himself, however, when the second 
phase started. Itis interesting to read with 
what surprise and despondency General Luden- 
dorf, the Chier of the German Staff, writes 
concerning the battle. I-Ie says :-- 
"' On that day (9th 2kpril) I celebrated my birthday. I looked 
forward to the expected offensive with confidence, and was now 
deeply depressed. Was this to be the result of al1 our care and 
trouble during the past hall year ? A day like April the 9th 
threw all calculations to the winds." 



Such an expression of opinion is high praise to 
the troops whose vigour and bravery brought 
such a disaster to the enemy. 
It may be remembered that at that rime the 
latter part of the battle of Arras was almost 
over-shadowed in the press by the very gallant 
and successful attack by the Canadians when 
they took Vimy Ridge. Itis instructive, how- 
ever, to read in General Ludendorf's Memoirs 
the statement :m 

°' On the Ilth they took Monchy, and during the following 
night we evacuated the Vimy lZidge." 
So ends the battle of Arras. 

April 'r7] 87 


THE SALIENT, i9i 7. 

N 29th April, 1917, the Battalion moved out 
of Arras to Semincourt, via Rues St. Aubert, 
Denvielle, and Bernville. Here training was 
carried out until the 8th, when the Battalion 
moved to Grande Rullecourt. On the 2ISt 
May the I5th Division were transferred to the 
Igth Corps, and moved to Vacqueril. Ou the 
22nd they again moved to St. Georges via 
Conchy and Wail. On the 6th instant, Lieut.- 
Colonel Crichton officially relinquished command 
of the Battalion, which was taken over by 
Major MacLeod, who had been acting C.O. since 
the second phase of the Battle of Arras. We 
remained in St. Georges carrying out field 
training till the 2oth of June. This summer it 
was supposed that the British had adopted the 
German system of " storm troops," and that 
the I5th Division was one of these. Whether 
this was true or hot, there is no doubt that we 
were employed in all the big engagements, and 
when we were hot fighting we were out training 
for the next attack. 
Vhile at St. Georges we held Brigade Sports. 
Captain Lumsden, who had been acting as 



Adjutant for some time in place of Captain A. R. 
Chapman, who had been appointed Staff Cptain 
46th Brigade, was now confirmed in the appoint- 
ment. Cptain Chapman, who was one of the 
original ofiïcers, had acted as Adjutant for some 
time, and by his keenness, efiïciency, and good 
temper had proved himself a most suitable 
officer for the work. We pal-ted with him with 
regret, and wished him all success on the Staff. 
On ISth Jnne, Major-General Sir F. W. N. 
M'Cracken, K.C.B., D.S.O., relinquished com- 
mand of the Division, and issued the following 
special order :-- 

" In bidding farewell to the I5th I)ivision, I wish fo express my 
heartfelt thanks fo ail ranks for their continued assistance to me 
throughout the period of over txvo years since I assumed Com- 
" The standard of discipline and training which bas enabled 
the results already obtained will, I ara convinced, lead in future 
fo still greater success. The maintenance of this standard, 
added fo the high sense of duty of all ranks in the Division, will 
inevitably enable the saine fo obtain the final victory beiore 
returning fo the land of their birth, which is already so justly 
proud of their fine achievements. 
"'I shall af all rimes watch their movements with the 
deepest interest, and I wish them every possible success in the 

It was with great regret that we parted with 
General M'Cracken, who had so ably commanded 
the Division since its arrival in France, and 
whose ability in no little way helped fo achieve 
suceess in many hard fought battles. The 
command of the Division was taken over by 
Major-General I-t. F. Thullier, C.B., C.M.G. 
On the 2Ist Jlme we left St. Georges and 
began to more northward. The first night we 

]'uy 'i7] YPRES. 89 

stayed with three Companies at Croix and one 
at Siracourt ; next day we went on to Pernes, 
and the next to Borecq, with two Companies at 
Ecquedeque, where we spent the Sunday. Oll 
the Monday we moved to Steenbecque, and from 
there to St. Sylvestre Cappel. On the 27th 
the Battalion went into Reserve in the 9th 
Corps area, camping about two toiles south- 
west of Vlamertinghe. A special order n'as 
issued by the G.O.C. I5th Division, who ex- 
pressed himself as very pleased with the lnarch, 
discipline and appearance of the Battalion. In 
spire of the fact that they had no breakfast, 
the long match was completed, with only one 
man falling out. 
On the 2nd of July we moved forward into 
the support line via Reigersburg Chateau, " C " 
Company being in " Hall Moon " trench, " 13 " 
and "D " in the Ecole, "A " Company in the 
Convent Ypres, and I-Ieadquarters on the Menin 
Road. This n'as out first experience of the 
Salient, and we got a hot reception, being 
heavily shelled, and suffering several casualties 
while going in. In the Salient there were no 
trenches, as the ground was too n, et for digging, 
and breastworks had tobe built. From the 
support we moved into the front line, with 
Headquarters at Dragoon Farm, and with sup- 
port companies in St. James' trench, Milcote, 
Posier defences and road. Coming out of the 
line, we returned to Eerie Camp. From there 
we marched to Poperinghe, trained to Arnecke, 
and thence we marched again to Le Choche. 

Here we carried out training on the Rubroucke 
training ground. On the I7th the Battalion 
moved to Winnezele under orders of the 46th 
Brigade. From there we moved to Toronto 
Camp, via Watou and Popefinghe, haiting for an 
hour on the road for breakfast. 
On the 23rd we once more took over the front 
line with Headquarters under the railway at 
South Lane, in a dug-out which was exceedingly 
vet, and the men had tobe kept constantly 
at the pumps. That portion of the dug-out 
which the C.O. and signallers occupied was 
a small side shaft without any ventilation, 
so that a man had tobe kept at the top 
of the stair pumping air down to us. As 
a rule this gentleman was rather sleepy, and 
had to be encouraged with powerful language. 
On one occasion, however, air came blowing in 
with great force. We soon diseovered that .ome 
gas shells had exploded near the mouth of the 
dug-out which had effectually wakened up the 
warrior at the pump, and he, with a sudden spurt 
of energy, was diligently pumping the gas down. 
We were now busy constructing works prepara- 
tory to the attack, all of whieh had to be carefully 
On the 24th a suceessful little raid was carried 
out by twelve other ranks of "A " Company 
under command of 2nd Lieut. J. Miller. Taking 
a course parallel to the railway, they round the 
enemy's trenches mueh battered, but the wire, 
though flattened, was difficult to get over. 
A machine gun emplacement was discovered on 


the railway embankment. Its crew fled, 
two being killed as they were running away, 
and one brought back as a prisoner carrying the 
mactfine gun. Our casualty was one man 
slightly wounded. 
At this rime we were actively patrolling every 
night as well as carrying out work parties. On 
the 25th we got orders for relief, but these were 
cancelled later, and we were told we had to 
remain in the front line. On the night of the 
27/28th, orders were received that we were to 
carry out a large raid on the enemy's front on 
the afternoon of the 28th, two Companies being 
employed in this operation. This was a very 
tall order. In the first place, we had never had 
an opportunity of patrolling the part of the front 
over which the raid was tobe carried out. On 
the map, it appeared as if part of it was an old 
pond. Neither did we know the condition of 
the enemy's wire, etc. In addition to this the 
Battalion had been in the line for some rime, 
and the men were therefore very tired. Further, 
the rime allowed for preparation was so short 
that it was practically impossible to get up and 
issue the usual paraphernalia for a raid. 
The task appeared tobe beyond our powers, 
and the C.O. reported this to the Brigade, who 
more or less agreed with him. The Brigadier 
ruade representations to the Division, but the 
answer came back that the raid had tobe carried 
out. No doubt this was inevitable, but it 
must be remembered that it was usual for a 
Battalion doing a raid of this size to be taken 

out of the line and given rime to rehearse it, 
examine the ground, and consider the whole 
problem with the Artillery Colnmander, etc. 
What must be, nust be, and we found ourselves 
with only a few hours wherein to decide on out 
line of action, issue the necessary orders, and, a 
far as possibie, collect such stores as were avail- 
able, a somewhat diflîcult marrer, as movement 
during the day generally ]ed to shelling. The 
orders were that the raid was to go to a con- 
siderable depth, the final objective being the 
enemy's reserve lines (the first objective in the 
general attack which was to take place shortly). 
The raiding party consisted of "D " Company 
with three platoons of "A " Company, under 
command of Captain J. L. C. Jenkins. A 
smaller party of 14 other ranks, under 2nd 
Lieut. Elliot, were ordered to raid the railway 
embankment Oll out right and look for a sus- 
pected machine gun. 
The zero hour was 7 p.m., the raiding party 
being lined up at 6.45. At zero the artillery 
trench mortar and machine guns opened an 
intense barrage on the enemy's front, and the 
raiders at the saine rime left out trenches and 
followed the barrage. The enemy's front line 
system was found to be badly knocked about, 
any of the enemy who had survived the bom- 
bardment being either killed or taken prisoners, 
The raiders then pushed on over the support 
lines to the reserve lines. 1Viany of the enemy 
were encountered, and these too were either killed 
or taken prisoners. A machine gun was also 

July 'I7] "D " AND "'A " COIIPANY RAID. 93 

captured. "Che small party who raided the 
railway embankment bombed a culvert and 
dugout which was occupied. "Chey did hot 
discover the machine gun, but they took a few 
prisoners. Both parties returned, having 
inflicted many casualties on the enemy and 
taken I officer and 39 other ranks prisoners and 
I machine gun. Several other prlsoners were 
driven in to the Battalion on our left. Our 
casualties were very slight, being I O.R. killed, 
2 missing, and 6 wounded. 2nd Lieut. A. 
Fraser and Lieut. Elliot were both wounded. 
Altogether the raid was a huge success, which 
was all the more creditable considering the 
very difficult circumstances under which it was 
carried out. No doubt the element of surprise 
helped the result. Many raids are given away 
by the preparations, especially by officers, 
both Staff and Regimental, coming for days and 
looking over the top in order to examine the 
ground. The Battalion received warm con- 
gratulations on the success of the raid from the 
G.O.C. ISth Division. At last we were relieved 
on the 29th by the 8/Ioth Gordons, and went 
into Brigade reserve. Next evening the Bat- 
talion moved into position of assembly for the 
attack, "A " Company with two platoons at 
" A.R.A." dump, 3o men at " "Chatch Barri," 3o 
men in " I-Ialf Moon " trench, " B "' Company in 
"St. James' trench," "(2 " Company in " I-Ialf 
loon " trench, and "D " in " I-Iedge trench " 
south of " West Lane,'" the B attalion Head- 
quarters being in South Lane. The Battalion 



got into position without any casualties. This 
was the first night that the enemy's artillery was 
more or less silent, owing no doubt to the fact 
that our artillery was gas shelling their batteries. 
"A " Company was used for a carrying party, 
the remainder of the Battalion remammg in 
their assembly position until IO a.m. 
Shortly after zero hour, " Thatch Barn "dump 
was blown up by the enemy, causing many 
casualties to the carrying party. This consider- 
ably disorganised the party and added greatly 
to their work. The conditions caused by the 
shelling and the muddy nature of the ground 
ruade it impossible fo carry full loads. It was 
also round that the " Yukon Pack," while en- 
abling men fo carry heavy loads, was inclined to 
make them top-heavy, and on the uneven and 
slippery ground they easily lost their balance and 
fell. This either necessitated extra men without 
packs assisting them to their feet again, or else 
they had to take the packs off in order to get 
up, and then reload. This caused consider- 
able delay. The extra weight also made the 
men's feet sink deep in the mud, rendering march- 
ing extremely difficult and exhausting. Most of 
the party was made up of a draft without any 
prewous training with the " Yukon Pack." 
Three out of the four Company Officers and 
a Company-Sergt.-Major became casualties, the 
Company being reduced to 26 other ranks. 
Lieut. Mackay, who was in command, shewed 
great pluck and determination in the way he 
organised the parties and got the materials 

july 'i] YPRES BATTLE. 95 

forward. He was wounded himself in the leg, 
bat insisted on going up to the forward dump 
to see the work properly handed over before 
going to the dressing station to bave his wounds 
attended to. In addition to the actual pain 
involved, his wound was unforunately satur- 
ated with dirt, the result being that this fine 
young officer died a few days later from the 
effects. Besides being a good officer, he was a 
splendid young fellow. He had just left one 
of the great public schools and had taken a 
scholarship at Oxford, which was waiting for 
him on his return. 
• . 
.A_bout IO a.m. the remamlng three companies 
of the Battalion advanced and occupied the 
German front system of trenches. At I p.m. 
the I-Ieadquarters moved forward to the German 
reserve lines. The enemy shelling was severe, 
but they were lucky enough to find an old 
German concrete machine gun post for a new 
Headquarters. One platoon went forward about 
2 o'clock to construct a strong point under an 
R.E. officer. When they got there, however, 
they found they were drawing so much shell 
tire that the R.E. officer decided hot to proceed 
with the work. .About 5 a.m. next mornmg 
the Batalion moved forward to support, reiiev- 
ing the Seaforth Highlanders, who replaced the 
Black Watch in the front line, the latter taking 
out place in the reserve. The position of the 
Battalion now was two Companies in the Trench 
immediately behind North Station Buildings, 
and one Company in the strong points. 

We were suffering considerably from the mud, 
rnany of the rifles were alrnost choked with it, 
and even amrnunition could hot be put into the 
magazine without a po.rtion of the rnud on the 
men's hands going in along with it. The 
Commanding Officer, on going round in the 
mormng, insisted on getting the arms cleaned 
as far as possible, a precaution which proved 
itself of considerable advantage later on, for the 
enerny counter-attacked about 3 p.m. Captain 
Symon got his Cornpany out in front of the 
trench ready to counter-attack. This rnove- 
ment was conforrned to by the Cornpany on 
the left. As soon as he saw that the enemy had 
broken through out front line Captain Symon 
gave iris orders to charge with fixed bayonets. 
The enemy were driven back, and we even gained 
a little ground. 
The enerny put down a fairly heay barrage 
on out front trench and irnrnediatelv behind it. 
There wa also a considerable arnount of machine 
gun and rifle tire, as well as some sniping from 
a distance. We took four prisoners, and killed 
many of the enerny who were seen retiring on 
the bill opposite. As out right flank was now 
in the air no further advance, on out part, could 
be rnade, and we had to form a flank defence 
along the Ypres-Roulers railway. The two 
Cornpanies remained in the front iine. That 
night we 'ere relieved in support by the 8/roth 
Gordons and took over the rernainder of the 
front line, which 'e held for the following two 
days, until relieved on the night of the 

Aug. '7] AN INSPECTION. 97 

3rd/4th by two Companies of the Munster 
During the attack we had round little use 
for the Mills bomb, partly because there were 
few trenches to attack, and partly because the 
men had now got more confidence in their 
fifles. The Rifle Grenadiers were carrying rifle 
grenades in sand bags in their hands. Many of 
these got lost, so that it was decided that it 
would be better to carry fewer grena.des in 
future and that these should be worn m the 
equipment, the waistcoat pattern being con- 
sidered the best for the purpose. In the counter- 
attack the men fired their rifles fron the hip, 
wlfich possibly had a good moral effect, although 
cold steel was the deciding factor. The casu- 
alties during the operations from the 3Ist July 
to 3rd August were 7 officers killed, and 285 
other ranks. 
On the 4th August the Battalion moved to 
Winnezwele by bus. IKere we were inspected 
by the G.O.C. I5th Division. We were drawn 
up in three sections, the first of officers and 
other ratks who took part in the operations, 
the second of those who were with details, and 
the third of drafts. The G.O.C. expressed his 
appreciation of the excellent work performed 
by the Battalion in the recent operations under 
ver)- exceptional circumstances. Here on the 
I4th we held regimental .sports. " A " Company 
was successful in winmng the tug-of-war and 
the "six-a-side football " match. The sergeants 
beat the officers in the tug-of-war. The officers, 

however, were successful in winning the tug- 
of-war against all comers from the Brigade. 
The Company championship in points was as 
follows :--" B " Company, 50 ; " A " Company, 
26 ; " (2 " Company, 24 ; and " D " Company, 
20. The best all round athlete was C.S.I. 
Keith, "B " Company. At the close of the 
sports, the prizes were presented by Brigadier- 
General Marshall. The Divisional Band played 
at intervals during the forenoon, and the massed 
pipes of the Brigade played at the close of the 
sports. Everything went off without a hitch, 
and great credit is due to Lieut. Gibb and his 
Committee for the way they arranged and 
carried out the progranlme. 
On the 2oth we once more returned to the 
line in order to continue the offensive, the 
disposition of the Brigade being, 8th Seaforths 
on the right, 7th Camerons on the left, and the 
8/Ioth Gordons m support. The route taken 
by the Headquarters was via Reigersberg 
Chateau and No. 4 track. The Battalion, less 
four platoons, proceeded via the White Chateau. 
The tleadquarters were in Pommern Redoubt. 
The zero hour was 4-45 a.m., when the attack 
was launched and carried on for about 200 
yards west of tlill 35- tlere the 13attalion came 
under ve13z heavy machine gun and rifle tire 
from Gallipoli Farm and Iberin Farm, whee 
they were held up. The Battalions on the right 
and left also being held up, we consolidated the 
position which we had gained, with the assistance 
of the 8/Ioth Gordons, while the 9th Pioneer 

Gordons constructed a strong point immedi- 
ately in our rear. We held this position till 
the night of the 22nd/23rd, when we were relieved 
by the 9th Black Watch, and proceeded to the 
support position in Rupprecht Farm, with the 
Battalion I-Ieadquarters at Verlorenhock. The 
next day we were relieved by the 8/Ioth Gordons 
and proceeded to Eerie Camp. Out casualties 
were, 4 officers killed, 5 officers wounded, 3 
other ranks killed, and 132 wounded. The rime 
was now employed in re-constructing the Bat- 
talion and carrylng out preliminaly training. 
The Division then received orders to move 
General Sir I-l:. P. Gough, K.C.B., Officer 
Commanding the 5th Army, stated in a farewell 
message to the I5th Division that " he parted 
with them with great regret. The reputation 
of the Division bas been earned on many battle- 
fields, and bas never stood higher than now. 
He wishes it all good fortune and many further 
successes in the future. Will ye no corne back 
again ? " 
While the Battalion was on the march for 
the Wateau Area to entrain, it was inspected 
by the G.O.C. of the 5th Army, who expressed 
to the Commanding Officer his very high appreci- 
ation of the work of the Battalion, and warmly 
congratulated him on this account, and on the 
successful raids they had carried out. It was 
with no feeling of regret that we marched south 
leaving the Salient behind us, where it was not 
only a case of fighting the enemy, but also of 

fighting an almost worse enemy in the elements. 
It is quite impossible to describe the conditions 
of that half-inundated 1and and the sea of mud 
which was stirred up by the heavy shelling on 
the ground over which we had to attack. 
The following is a vivid description by General 
Ludendorff in his " Memoirs " of the fighting 
in the Salient. While written of his own Army, 
it is also applicable to ours :-- 
" The fifth act of the great drama in Flanders opened. Enor- 
mous masses of ammunition, such as the human mind had never 
imagined belote the var, were hufled on the bodies of men 
vho passed a miserable existence, scattered in mud-filled shell- 
'" The horror of the shell-hole area of Verdun was surpassed. 
It was no longer lire af ail, it was mere unspeakable suffering. 
Through this world of mud the attackers dragged themselves 
slowlv but steadily. Caught in the advance zone, by our hall 
of tir'e, they often coilapsed. Then the mass came on again, 
rifles and machine guns being jammed with mud. lXan fought 
against man, and only too often the mass was successflfl .... 
The enemy lost heavilv. When we occupied the battlefield 
in the Spring of 1918 they lay in their thousands. We knew 
that the enemy suffered heavily, but we also knew he was 
amazingly strong and, what was equaily important, had an 
extraordinary stubborn will." 

As there were no dugouts, and the men were 
living in shelters only, every tour saxv a con- 
siderable number of casualties. The enemy 
had the Menin Road and other tracks carefully 
taped, and the area behind the front line re- 
ceived almost more attention from the enemy's 
artillery than the front line itself. The Head- 
quarters were generally in the remains of bouses 
partly proteeted by conerete, but xvhich would 
bave easily been destroyed by a direct hit. In 
fact, on more than one occasion the oftïcers at 

Headquarters left the protection of these build- 
ings and sat in a field watching the enemy 
bombard them. This, however, proved good 
for the morale of the front line troops, who 
often used to be " bucked up " at seelng the 
Headquarters getting it hot. 
The reserve billets in Ecole outside Ypres, 
and the celtars of the convent in Ypres, did hot 
afford much comfort, for, while they were fairly 
well protected, the approaches were constantly 
being shelled, so that the men were more or less 
confined to the cellars. 
We were the first Division to experience the 
effects of Mustard gas. When we first learned 
of its power of burning the skin, it was thought 
that we would probably surfer badly in the kilt. 
However, it is satisfactory to knoçv that the 
kilt once again proved its efficiency as a fighting 
garment. While we bave no statistics, we 
believe it is true that we did not surfer more 
than the trousered regiments in this respect, 
the reason being that it was generally the parts 
of the body where the skin was tender that got 
burnt. T.he skin of the legs having got hardened 
by exposure to the weather, was generally able 
to withstand the effects of gas in the same way 
as the hands and face. Again, most of the cases 
of burning were caused by men sitting down on 
the ground which was saturated with the gas. 
The kilt, being thick, the gases could hot easily 
penetrate it, and no doubt its swinging in the 
air, when the men got up, helped to dispel them. 
In fact, the men did hot surfer much from the 



effects of burning unless the shell burst close 
enough to sprinkle them with the liquid. 
We regret to record the fact that within a 
short time of our handing over our Headquarters 
in Pommern Redoubt, which was a most un- 
healthy spot, Major Murray, Commanding the 
Black Watch (better known as " Haggis,'" and 
after whom the Divisional rest camp was ealled), 
and some of his staff, were killed by a direct hit 
at the entranee of the shelter. The Head- 
quarters, whieh consisted of an old German 
machine gun concrete emplacement, were very 
low. We could not stand up in them. There 
was no ventilation exeept through the door, 
and when they were filled with signaIlers, 
officers, etc., with one or two candles burning, 
the heat and exhaustion of the air became 
terrible. After the first phase we experienced 
great difficulty in getting back the wounded, of 
whom there were a great number. One must 
say a word in praise of the splendid work donc 
on this and many other occasions by the stretcher 
bearers. Lacking the exeitement of fighting, 
they carried on their humane work often under 
heavy shell tire, always showing a splendid 
example of devotion to duty. Owing to the 
mud in the Salient, their work here was exeeed- 
ingly arduous as welI as dangerous. It often 
took four men to carry a stretcher baek to the 
aid post, and even then it was a slow job. 
Their work, therefore, during some of the heavy 
fighting was praetically continuous night and 
day. Often very weary, yet never eomplaining, 

they doggedly carried on. Not many of them 
received honours, although many well deserved 
them. The mud so delayed the removal of 
the wounded that some of them lay in dugouts 
and shelters for a couple of days. At last the 
Division sent up a large number of men under a 
Colonel of the R.A.M.C., who finally got them 
taken down. His energy was splendid. He 
wandered about at early dawn, even in No Man's 
Land, looking for the wounded in shell holes, 
closely followed by his faithful little dog. 
The IKeadquarters at one time were in an old 
Boche strong point. Unfortunately, as it was 
the only place protected, some of the men in the 
trench round about it would rush to it for 
shelter, whenever heavy shelling started. As 
many as possible squeezed inside, but it seldom 
contained all, and as it was no doubt the enemy's 
target we had several casualties in the trench 
outside. It was little use telling the men hOt 
to corne, for each hoped to be fortunate enough 
to find room inside, and the desire for security 
overmastered all else. The floor of the dugout 
was a foot deep in water, which kept slowly 
getting deeper as the water in the trench 
increased, and its smell was horrible, as it was 
partly mixed with the blood of the men killed 
outside. There was only one bed, which was 
occupied for the two days we were there by a 
wounded officer. We all had to sit and sleep 
on boxes with our feet perched on petrol tins. 
The usual result of trying to sleep in this position 
was that we had hardly got off when our feet 

would slip from the tin into the water, wakening 
us up, after which we had to start again. 
The Adjurant, Signallers and Orderly Room 
Sergeant had a trying time in carrying on their 
work. One often adlnired the way in which 
the Orderly Room Clerk performed his duties 
on this and other occasions. Numerous returns 
had to be sent into Brigade, operation orders, 
orders for work parties and ration parties had 
to be written out by him, generally in triplicate 
at least. There he was stowed away in a corner, 
without a table, writing on his knee with nothing 
but a bag to keep his papers in, often working 
late into the night by the light of a solitary 
candle balanced on a piece of wood stuck into 
the wall of the dug-out, yet always doing his 
work efiîciently and well without a grumble 
or complaint. 
The transport had some very severe experi- 
ences also in getting up rations, which was no easy 
job. Carrying parties found many difiîculties. 
There was a great deal of work to be done, and 
therefore ration parties had to be reduced to a 
minimum. In the dark it was no easy matter 
to find the map locations where the rations 
were dumped, as there was nothing to dis- 
tinguish one shell-hole from another. On more 
than one occasion the carrying parties were so 
wearied with the struggle through the mud with 
heavy loads that they had to leave the rum 
ration behind, a convincing proof that they were 
at the last gasp. 
Although possibly some of the Division may 

Aug. '7] THE FRONT LINE. lO5 

bave been a little shaken by their terrible experi- 
ences in the fighting during the third battle of 
Ypres, this was not the case with the Camerons. 
We had met with great success in all out raids, 
we had countered the German's determined 
counter-attack which had driven in out front 
line, and, while we had certainly suffered heavy 
casualties during the battle, we had always been 
able to make ground. In the last phase many 
of the ofiïcers and men had just joined the 
Battalion from drafts, and their baptism was 
indeed severe. We therefore marched away 
with a feeling of elation, although everyone was 
naturally fagged out and glad of the prospect 
of a shor test from the mud and dirt. 
It is difiîcult to give a general description 
of the front line in France and ]3elgium. It 
ranged from the breastworks and mud of Ypres 
to the crater areas and sap heads at I-Iulluch ; 
where mines exploding were a daily occurrence, 
and the dead formed part of the parapet; or 
to the shell-hole area of the Somme, where the 
enemy looked down on the top of us and could 
get direct observation for his shell tire. Civilians 
and even Staff Oflïcers doing a tour of the 
trenches were very properly sent to quiet areas, 
and so often formed wrong impressions. Thus 
a well known oflïcer, who has written an account 
of the life at, gives the following interest- 
ing information concerning the trenches. 
" ]3ehind the parapet it was almost as safe, and on dry days as 
pleasant, as on a marine parade. A solid fortification ofsand 
bags, proof against any blow except that of a big high explosive 
shell, enclosed each side of a walk, drained, paved with duck 


boards, and lined with dug-outs, in places adorned with little 
flower beds." 

Possibly these amenities existed somewhere, 
but certainly all the years we were in France we 
never came across such a front line. " Big 
IKigh Explosives!" Why, it did hot often 
require more than a " pi t) squeak " to push in 
the parapet! A heavy shower of rare was 
sufficient to cause it to collapse from its own 
weight ! 
The saine writer says if he were 
" Seeking the fit adjective that could 1oe applied to it in its 
superlative, it would certainly hot be ' exciting,' nor yet ' dan- 
gerous.' The lire was exciting, and it was dangerous a little." 
IKe then goes on to describe the duties as hot 
so dangerous as that of a policeman who has to 
stop a runaway horse! l-le evidently never 
served in a front line where for days the Boche 
put down a practice barrage, or where he was 
in the habit of following you along the trench 
with a shower of aerial darts ; or in a front line 
which you knew was mined, and it was a ques- 
tion whether you or he were going to be blown 
up first. But enough! Let the casualty lists 
for each tour in the line speak for themselves. 
As for excitement, recommend us to night 
patrolling with Very Lights and an active 
The Battalion marched from Watau at 7 a.m. 
on Ist September, 1917, via Godwaers-velde, 
and Cemelhof to Gaestre Railway Station, where 
they entrained at 2.5 p.m. for Arras, which was 
reached at 9 p.m., and marched back fo billets 

at Montenescourt. On the 7th of September 
we once more entered the Arras sector, relieving 
the iO]Ilth H.L.I. at Blangy Park. We now 
settled down into this area, and a delightful 
place it was after out experience in the Salient. 
The park at Blangy must have contained many 
fine residences. The grounds were wel wooded, 
although much destroyed, and there were remains 
of what were formerly beautiful gardens. The 
river Scarpe flows through the woods and fills 
several artificial ponds, where the men were able 
to spend much of their rime bathing and basking 
in the sun. 
Major-General Reed, V.C., had now taken 
over command of the Division, Major-General 
Thulliers having received an important appoint- 
ment at home in connection with the production 
of gas. 
On the I4th October we were instructed to 
send over two small fighting patrols, consisting 
of I officer and 40.R.'s each. The idea was 
that, while a raid was being conducted on our 
right, these patrols should cross " No Man's 
Land," enter the German trench, and, if possible, 
seize some identifications. It was not intended 
that they should search the German trench, 
but simply rush over and back again. The 
raid was to be assisted with a preliminary 
discharge of thermite shells and a ten minutes' 
bombardment with trench mortars. It was 
to take place during daylight, though the 
proposition to out minds did hot appear very 
hopeful. " No Man's Land " was fairly wide, 



and one could be sure that the enemy would 
be fully alert, as the raid on the right was bound 
to attract his attention. 
Lieut. E. D. Hoskins and Lieut. A. Chishohn 
were chosen to command the raiding parties for 
which there were many volunteers. The first 
patrol, under Lieut. Chisholm, got over the top 
and suffered  casualties going across " No 
Man's Land." The officer was killed near the 
enemy trench, and only one of the party returned. 
The second party, under Lieut. Hoskins, got 
safely across " No Man's Land " and were seen 
to j ump into the enemy trench, but none of 
them ever returned. It was learned later that 
Lieut. I-Ioskins and the others were all killed. 
Out of the raiders, therefore, Olfly one escaped. 
We also sustained the further casualties of 4 
killed and 6 wounded by the bombardment. 
These were the only really unsuccessful raids 
which the ]3attalion ever undertook. We felt 
they were foredoomed to failure. No enemy were 
golng to allow a smail party of four men to 
walk across " No Man's Land " in broad day- 
light. It is reported that Lieut. Hoskins turned 
to his men before going over the top and said: 
" I ara a Catholic, and ara going to say a petition 
before going over; I don't know what you 
fellows are, but I advise you also to say your 
prayers, as none of us will ever corne back alive." 
They went across, and »vere all killed in the 
enemy's lines, no doubt figtting as brave men 
On the xgth, "A" Company returned from 

the third Corps Musketry Camp, where they had 
been under training, and were congratulated 
by the C.O. on the successful results of their 
shooting. They gained the first and second 
prizes both in the " rapid firing " and in the 
:' knockout " competitions, and they also xvon 
the second prize in the " snap " shooting com- 
petition for teams of six, and in the " pill box " 
competition. In the i7th Corps boxing com- 
petition Private E. Davies and Private D. 
Tare both won their heats on points, these 
being the only two men we entered. This was 
a very creditable performance. About this 
time men from the Lovat Scouts, of whom there 
were a good many in the Battalion, were being 
formed into a Battalion of " Observers." It 
was understood they would live behind the line 
as Corps troops and only bave to corne up to 
observe from observation posts which were hot 
generally in the front line, and then only if the 
weather was clear. Naturally there was a 
rush for the job, for living behind the line vith 
no more night working parties was too good a 
thing to miss. In the long run, however, hot 
many men were actually taken away from us. 
We were glad to hear of the success of the 
actions further north, and about the 2oth of 
November the position was so promising that 
we were under orders to be prepared to more at 
fifteen minutes notice, in the event of the enemy 
retiring on our front. Unfortunately, however, 
this never came off. During the tour in the 
trenches from the 8th to the 2oth of November 

we had a very strenuous rime in improving 
trenches and erecting wire. The Brigadier ex- 
pressed his appreciation of the manner in which 
all ranks had carried out these duties. 
In November Brigadier General Marshall 
left the Brigade to take over an important 
home appointment. He had endeared himself 
to us all. Constantly in the front line in all 
weather he had a practical knowledge and 
sympathy with the discomforts and difficulties 
which the troops had to contend with. Kindly 
and most considerate yet inspiring all with 
confidence by his undoubted ability and 
cheerful manner, it was with great regret 
that we learned of his departure. 

all. 'I] III 


Y the end of December, x9x 7, rumours 
began to circulate regarding a great 
German offensive. Everyone had to 
sleep with their clothes on, all troops, even in 
the reserve billets in Arras, had to " stand to " 
belote sun fise every morning until orders to 
" stand down " were received from Brigade. 
Sleeping in your clothes is never comfortable or 
refreshing. Practically every night large working 
parties had to be sent up to the trenches, often 
not returning ti]l the early hours, so that shortly 
after the men had got comfortabiy settled down 
they had to get up again and "stand to " fully 
equipped ready to move. This " stand to " 
often lasted several hours. The advantage, 
therefore, which was supposed to be had in 
the test billets was much discounted. 
We were fated once again to spend out New 
Year in the trenches, but on the 2nd of January 
we were relieved by 2nd Guards Brigade. We 
had done out best to make the trenches as clean 
as possible in order that they might take over a 



system worthy of the Guards. It is satis- 
factory to know that the G.O.C. Guards 
Division informed the G.O.C. sth Division 
that he had never had such a satisfactory 
take over as on this occasion from the sth 
(Scottish) Division. It was doubtful if 
some of the men appreciated the hard fighting 
qualifies of the Guards Brigade, looking upon 
them as show troops. This is exemplified by a 
story of a rather dirty Jock who was baling 
mud out of a trench. One of the splendid clean 
Guardsmen, who had come up as orderly with 
some ofiîcers, tried to get into conversation with 
him by remarking that they were coming up to 
relieve them. The muddy Jock asked him, 
" Who are ye ? " and he replied, " Oh, we are 
the Guards," and the Jock, proceeding with his 
digging, rejoined" " Ah ! weel ! ye can write 
haine an' tell yer mither ye've seen the 
On relief the ]3attalion went into billets in 
the Ecole des Jeunes Filles. I-Iere on the 9th 
and oth the Battalion had their Christmas 
dinners, which were a great success and much 
enjoyed. During the proceedings the C.O. 
addressed the troops and gave a brief review of 
the operations which the ]3attalion had taken 
part in during the past year, also the new honours 
they had won for the regiment, tte wished 
them all the best of luck for the coming year. 
We must record the very great kindness and 
assistance shewn us by Mademoiselle G. Marinier, 
who always did all she could to add to the 

l*eb. ',S] "A " COMPANY RAID. 113 
comforts of the tl.oops. On this occasion she 
ruade many fine paper flowers to decol.ate the 
Christmas dinner tables with. After the dinners 
the men were entertained in the theatl.e, where 
" the Jocks," out Divisional tl.oupe, performed 
the pantomime " Robinson Crusoe." 
The weather was now very cold, in fact when 
we handed over to the Guards the gl.ound was 
deep in SHOW. On the 23rd Febl.uary we 
carried out a small raid on the enemy's trenches 
at 3.30 a.m. The party consisted of 28 other 
l.anks of "'A " Company under command of 
2nd Lieut. A. R. M'Donald. The l.aid proved a 
success. The German trenches were found to 
be unoccupied, but 4 men were caught in a sap 
head, one of whom was killed and 3 brought back 
as prisoners, so we succeeded in getting the 
identification which was required. Out casu- 
alties were nil. For this we received the con- 
gratulations of both the Corps and Brigade 
We now fully expected an attack by the Boche, 
and everyone was kept on the strain, work!ng 
hard in belts of wile and improvmg 
trench systems. For many weeks neithel, oflîcers 
nor men had their clothes off, and the work in 
the reserve area was almost as strenuous as in 
the front line. We knew that the Germans had 
been successful further south, and we were 
holding what was becoming an acute salient. 
One can quite understand the nervousness of 
those behind the line, but those in the front areas 
were confident of their powers to resîst the 

Boches and in the strength of the defensive 
systems. On the occasion when the Guards 
relieved us one of their officers was much im- 
pressed with the serious spirit with which he 
round the Staff behind the line treating the 
matter. After going round the front line, 
however, he Æemarked that the cheerfulness of 
the troops had put new heart into him. 
Indeed, the front line troops (probably in their 
ignorance) treated the anxiety of those behind 
with a good deal of levity. An amusing method 
of dealing with the rumours flying around called 
the Thermonleter gaine was invented. This 
consisted in assigning so many degrees or 
marks to the person reporting a " windy " story 
according to its source. Whoever got IOO 
degrees first won. For instance, a terrible 
story from the cook's mate or transport men 
was valued at about IO points ; from a brigade- 
major about two, and a higher staff officer 
about one. 
The Staff, it is to be feared, did hot appreciate 
this chaff, and orders were issued that Regi- 
mental Officers were hot to refer to the Staff as 
having the " wind up," as they were only taking 
necessary precautions, ttowever, it shewed the 
troops were in good spirits. 
On the evening of the 22/23rd of March we 
were surprised to receive an order that we were 
to withdraw with all stores to the Army line, the 
movement to be completed by 3 a.m. The 
Battalion happened to be occupying La Fosse 
Farm with the caves below, and also the strong 


points. We had, therefore, a considerable 
amount of ammunition, etc., in the part of the 
line held by us. Further, we were instructed 
to guard out right flank carefully. As we knew 
that the enemy had driven in the line further 
south of us, this warning was ap.preciated. 
"D " Company, who were occupylng Fork, 
Spade, and Gordon Trenches, were to be left 
behind to fight the rear guard actions when the 
Boche discovered we had withdrawn. O.C. 
"D '" Company also had orders to destroy the 
Headquarters dug-out at Crater Subway, and 
the electric lighting plant in the Fosse Farm 
was to be rendered unworkable. Over and 
above this, R.E.'s were to blow a mine placed 
under the Cambrai Road. 
As soon as it was dark motor lorries and 
vehicles of all descriptions were brought up to 
the farm, and we at once started loading them. 
Luckily for us there was a ¥.M.C.A. Canteen 
in the caves, the oflîcers in charge of which left 
it when they heard we were retiring. "Che C.O., 
taking advantage of this, allowed every man 
who brought down a box of ammunition from 
the strong points to help himself to cigarettes. 
With this encouragement, men carrying ammuni- 
tion came back in quick succession, and by the 
time we finally retired, about 3.30 a.m., all 
ammunition trench stores, etc., with the excep- 
tion of a few gum boots, had been loaded and 
It was diflîcult to understand how the Boche 
did hot hear the noise of the retîral. If 

he had done so, and had trained his guns on the 
Calnbrai Road, he would bave caused endless 
confusion and casualties. The road was silnply 
packed with Inotor lorries, guns and vehicles 
of ail de.scriptions, with the retiring infantry 
dodging in and out between them. The con- 
gestion was extremely bad at the cross roads 
af Tilloy, where the different strealns of traflïc 
Inet. While recognising that this Inovelnent 
was necessary from a Inilitary point of view, 
still it was hard to persuade the inen fo see this, 
ahnost as diflîcult as it is for anyone who was hot 
there fo realise their disappointlnent and surprise. 
They had worked hard for Inonths in preparing 
this position. They had carried up tons of 
wire and constructed belts of it Inany yards wide. 
They now felt all this work had gone for nottfing. 
Suprelnely confident that they would bave held 
ttfis position against all odds, they regretted 
that they had not an opportulfity of provang 
it. They evidently did not appreciate the 
dangers of an exposed flank. We zot into out 
new position shortly before sunrise, and from 
there we could see out artillery, in the Inornine 
light, still getting back their guns, but the 
enemy was hot even then aware of the 
We knew that an attack by the Gerlnans was 
allnost inevitable. Ail preparations possible 
were being Inade, and if was easy fo understand 
the ilnportance of the orders that the ground 
we held Inust be " held at all costs." While itis 
true that there were many defensive lines be- 


hind us, right back almost to the sea, yet we 
believed that there were practically no troops 
in out immediate support to man them, so that, 
if the ]3oche once more broke through us, it was 
likely to prove a disaster. Furthermore, if 
our position was lost the enemy would out- 
flank Vimy Ridge, which would probably necessi- 
tate out withdrawing from it. We had gone 
through a long spell of hard work in the trenches, 
and had been kept in a state of suspense for 
several months without a chance of ever getting 
out clothes off. The men, ho»vever, were in good 
fettle, but the ]3attalion contained a number of 
young lads from 18½ to 19 , who had been 
sent out in drafts in the early Spring. They 
had hot been proved in battle or seen any 
action, and it was impossible to say how 
they might act, although we had every 
confidence in them. 
On the everfing of the 27th 1Viarch the Brigadier 
visited our Battalion Headquarters with the 
joyful news that it looked as if the Boche had 
glven up the idea of attacking us meantime, as 
he was moving his guns from their battery 
positions, presumably with the intention of 
taking them somewhere else. Unfortunately 
this conclusion proved wrong, for in reality 
they must bave been taking their guns 
out to more them into position for the attack. 
When the Brigadier left, the C.O. went round 
the front line with the good news. He remained 
in the front line till about 2 a.m. Just as he 
was leaving, a post reported that a short rime 

earlier they had discovered a party of Boche in 
front of out wire, apparently cutting it. 
They had been driven off with a Lewis gun, and 
had not been seen since. On examimng the 
wire, which was a fairly broad belt, there were 
certainly signs that this had been their 
About 3 a.m. on the 28th, the enemy 
opened an intense bombardment on out front 
and immediate support lines, using gas shells 
Ol the left Company's front, south of Cambrai 
Road. This had lasted for about hall an hour, 
when the bombardment was moved on to the 
back area, including the town of Arras. It was 
learnt afterwards that this was largly conposed 
of gas shells. About 4 a.m. the bombardment 
of the front line having become less, the officer 
on duty patrolled the whole of the left Com- 
pany's front up to the Cambrai Road, after- 
wards returning to the right, when he reported 
that the whole Company were standing to. 
There had been a fair number, of casualties. 
Once again out front was heavily bombarded, 
mostly with trench mortars. This bombard- 
inent was exceedingly severe, especially on the 
left, south of the Cambrai Road. The N.C.O. 
who was on duty (the officer on duty having 
been killed) stated afterwards that he had again 
tried to patrol his front, but round the trenches 
so flattened that it was hard to say where they 
had been, and the ground resembled a ploughed 
field. He believed nearly everyone m this 
sector was either killed, buried or wounded. 


At 5.15 a.m. the enemy again put down a very 
intense trench mortar barrage on the left, which 
probably killed any men left in the front 
trench south of the Cambrai Road. At 
the same rime the enemy could be seen 
jumping from shell-hole to shell-hole in front 
of Le Fosse Farm. We now fired S.O.S. signals, 
and opened rapid tire on the enemy. On the 
centre of our front line the enemy were about 
IOO yards away in front of the wire. "Che men 
in this part of the line afterwards stated that 
they were still confident that they could hold 
them up. Suddenly, however, it was seen that 
the enemy were working round our flank. _An 
attempt was at once made to form a flank 
defence, but the casualties had been so great 
that this was round impossible, and practically 
no officers were left. Those remaining, there- 
fore, had to fall back rapidly. So quickly did 
the enemy corne round the flank that the 
signallers and others in the advance Battalion 
Headquarters (old 44th Brigade) were not 
able to get out in rime to escape. 
The extreme right of the Battalion had also 
been severely shelled along with the left of the 3rd 
Division. I-Iere, too, the enemy broke through. 
From the Battalion I-Ieadquarters we now saw 
the lines oI the 3rd Division front being driven 
back, and shortly afterwards our own men 
were seen retiring. The officer on the right had 
thrown back a platoon to try and form a flank 
defence, but soon round the enemy working 
round his rear and forcing him to withdraw. 

The withdrawal was carried out in an orderh- 
fashion, a covering tire being kept up with Lewi's 
guns and rifles, the men behaving splendidly, 
which says a lot for their morale, as by this 
rime most. of the officers had been killed, and 
it must be remembered that many of the 
men were young recruits who had just corne 
through their first experience of a hurficane 
At no rime was the shelling so severe on the 
centre of out line as if was on the flanks. Itis more 
than probable that the bombardment was so 
withering that the men on the flanks were w2ped 
out before the enemy attacked. This seems to 
be proved by the fact that no oflïcer or man 
belonging to the three platoons on the left or 
the platoon on the right, and only I man of the 
next two platoons, returned; in other words, only 
7 men returned out of 6 platoons. The smoke 
and dust were such, however, that no one could 
see more than a few yards, and in any case 
it was impossible for us to see what was 
occurring to the north of the Cambrai Road, 
as at this point itis raised by an embankment. 
The front line Colnpanies I-Ie.adquarters were 
in machine gun nest dug-outs in front of out 
wire. They were rushed early in the attack. 
No-man's-land certainly was a bad place for 
Company I-Ieadquarters, but there was no 
better location available. By 8.I5 a.m. 
we had formed a new front line rumfing 
north along the switch line, being in touch 
with the 8/Ioth Gordons on out right and 

liar. 'is] THE ENEMY ATTACK. 121 

the 6th Camerons on out left. By this 
time there were probably hOt more than 
15o other ranks and 3 Company officers remain- 
ing. As, however, the 6th Camerons were on 
out left, some of the men naturally got inter- 
mixed with them. The Battalion Headquarters 
were by this time in the front line, and all the 
Headquarter officers and men were used in the 
defence of the line. It was one of the advan- 
tages of having the Battalion Headquarters 
worked more or less on the principle of a Com- 
pany, that this »vas so easily carried out : each 
Headquarter officer had his own section of men, 
and the men knew under whose command they 
had to place themselves. 
The C.O. now consulted with Captain 
Wood, commanding the Company of the 
8/Ioth Cordons, who at once took in hand 
the collection of ammunition, which was 
rather short in the new trench, from the dump 
at Shamrock Corner and the old trench systems. 
This distribution was successfully carried out. 
It is only right that we should refer to the 
splendid assistance given to us by 
Wood. He was one of the few remammg 
oflîcers who came out with the Division. He 
therefore had a wide experience in fighting, and 
shewed as usual that coolness, disregard for 
danger, and sound j udgment with which we all 
associate him. 
After the consultation the C.O. decided to try 
and counter-attack the enemy and establish a 
line along the old support trench in the Brown 



Line. We sent off messages asking for artillery 
support for 9.30, a.ln. when we proposed ma-ldng 
the counter-attack. We could hot get Brigade 
on the 'phone, the wires having probably been 
cut. We sent off pigeons, but the bombardment 
had been too much for them, and it was only 
after considerable amount of stone throwing 
that we got them to fly at all. We sent messages 
also with the buzzer set, but the annoying thing 
about both pigeon and power buzzer messages 
is, that one never knows whether they 
have been received or hot. The artillery support 
never came, and we held back the counter 
attack till lO.3O, as we did hot wish to advance 
in case we should walk into out own tire. As 
a marrer of fact hot one of out messages ex-er 
got through. 
About lO.3O a.m. the C.O. received a message 
from the O.C. "A " Company 6th Camerons, 
who were on out left, stating that his flank was 
now in the air, and that the enemy were as far 
back as Feuchy Chapel Crossroads on his left 
and rear, and he asked what he should do. 
Instruction were sent him to try to form a 
flank defence so as to get in touch on his left, 
but to hold his ground at all costs whatever 
happened. This information definitely decided 
us to give up the idea of counter-attacking. 
In order to get a clear idea of the situation, 
the C.O. went along the front line to the 6th 
Camerons, and round they were holding the 
front in good strength. There was not 
much doing in their immediate front, but 


evidently some of the enemy had penetrated 
along the Cambrai Road to their left rear. 
Three Vickers gun teams which were in the trench 
were instl-ucted to get into position where they 
could defend the flank, if necessary. On return- 
ing to the Battalion he ordered a certain number 
of men to get back into the strong points directly 
behind the line, and thus increased the depth of 
out defence. 
About I p.m., as the line was now well 
organised, the Headquarters were wikhdrawn 
to those of the 8/Ioth Gordons. The in- 
structions issued previously were that if the 
front line went the Headquarters were 
to withdraw immediately. As it turned 
out, however, it »vas hot possible to withdraw 
the Headquarters earlier, as they had tobe used 
in the defence of the line. Almost as soon as 
we arrived (.3o p.m.) orders were received 
that the whole line »vas to be withdrawn to 
the " Army " line, and instructions were sent 
forward accordingly. Orders afterwards came 
through that we were to hold the position »ve 
had, but by the time they arrived we had 
already moved back. TheI-Ieadquarters were 
again withdrawn to those of the Reserve Bat- 
talion (Sth Seaforths), and shortly after»vards 
we withdrew the ]3attalion to some old trenches. 
Lieut. Gibb, however, and a few men remained 
with the 8/oth Gordons, and during the after- 
noon this party accounted for many casualties 
amongst the enemy by sniping them with the 
Lewis gun which had been attached to I-Iead- 

qua.rters. At I o'clock in the morning we 
recelve orders that what remained of the 
Battalion were to go back and join the Trans- 
port at Wanquetim. We could hot muster 
more than 30. Only one Company Officer 
got back. Some more men came mn next 
morning, but the total number that retuliled 
from the fight never reached IOO. Luckily, 
several officers and men who had been left out at 
the transport line form a nucleus round which 
to reconstruct the Battalion. 
To sure up" the enemy's barrage tire suc- 
cessfully annihilated out right and left flank, 
the evident intention being to surround those 
left in the centre. All the officers of the front 
Company being casualties, the line was methodi- 
cally withdrawn under N.C.O.'s. The support 
Companies had more or less the saine experience. 
No ofiîcer or other tank returned from the 
platoons on the flanks, and out of the 4 Companies 
i ofiîcer and about I5O other ranks returned to 
the switch line. The men at all times shewed a 
good fighting spirit. The rapid tire, together 
with the subsequent sniping which was brought to 
bear on the enelny must have caused him heavy 
casualties. It was noticed earlv in the fight 
that the enemy brought up a iight gun with 
pack animals, tte also mounted several machine 
guns, which caused heavy casualties when the 
line was withdrawn from the switch line. The 
total casualties for the day were "-- 
OoEcers, 3 killed, : wounded, io missing. 
Other Ranks, i killed, 72 wounded, 299 missing. 

Mar. '18] A.C. BATEMAN, M.C. 125 
The number of oflicers and other ranks returned as 
killed and wounded is small, but most of the 
missing turned out afterwards to be either 
killed or wounded. 
During this fighting out Medical Officer, 
Captain A. C. Bateman, M.C., was killed. 
Among personalities connected with the Bat- 
talion there was none more striking or lovable 
than "the Doc." Posted in the early months 
of 1916, he served continuously with us until 
the fateful 28th Match, 1918, when he was 
reported as having been wounded and taken 
prlsoner by the enemy. As no more was 
heard of him after that date if can only be 
inferred that he succumbed to his injuries, 
and gave up his brave life in the service of 
his country. As a Battalion Medical Officer 
he was unrivalled, and his ability in diagnosis 
and treatment was widely commented on by 
all ranks. Sympathetic and kindly to " lame 
dogs," and to the "nervy," he was a terror to 
"lead-swingers." Providence seemed to have 
endowed hiln with a special faculty for dis- 
covering these. In a battle he was ever in 
the thick of things doing his duty, and more 
than his duty. It therefore gave high satis- 
faction in all quarters when he was awarded 
the Military Cross in recognition of the 
.gallantry and efficiency he displayed at Ypres 
in July, 1917. 
But all who knew him will think of him 
first as the best of comrades--a very prince 
of good fellows. His rich Hibernian humour, 


his infectious laugh, his droI1 ways were un- 
failing medicaments for weary men, and in 
every social gathering he was the lire and soul 
of the company. One wonders if the French 
War Office bas it on record how two British 
doctors who had been enjoying Paris leave, 
and were in danger of being late in rejoining 
their units, solemnly presented their compli- 
ments to the Minister of War, along with a 
polite request that, they might without delay 
bave the use of a car to take them to Albert. 
On the request being acceeded to that digni- 
tary was warmly shaken by the hand, and 
assured that no want of his, if ruade known 
to them, would go unsupplied! Such was 
Bateman. Irrepressibly gay when all around 
him was dismal and difficult, he brought sun- 
shine into our lires, and as often as men of 
the 7th Battalion meet together his ame is 
sure tobe mentioned in terres of affectionate 
The engagement was probably the heaviest 
fight the Battalion ever took part in. One 
realised the difference beween attacking and 
being attacked. We felt all the horrible un- 
certainty as to what would be the result of the 
next move by the enemy. We believed there was 
practically no one between us and the sea, and 
that we had to hold the position af all costs. 
Nobly did the officers and men carry out these 
instructions. Unfortunately, as was proved 
later, practica.lly all the missing were never 
heard of agmn, only some 50 or 60 were 


accounted for as prisoners, and most of these 
were wounded. 
We know now, through General Ludendorf's 
Memoirs, that it was the failure of the German 
Divisions at Arras that brought their big 
offensive to a standstill. It is interesting to 
read his description and to note how it coin- 
cides with out experience. He states :-- 

" Af the shortest range the artillery vas fo be supplemented 
by trench mortars. After a short artillery bombardment, lasting 
only a few hours, the infantry should advance fo the assault. 
This short artillery preparation was expected fo paralyze the 
enemy's artillery by means of gas spread over a large area and 
fo keep his infantry in their dug-outs. Af the beginning of the 
assault the artillery, vhile continuing fo keep down that 
of the enemy, vas fo put dovn a barrage in front of the infantry 
and pave a way for if like a giant roller. The infantry had 
to keep close up fo this wall of projectors. The enemy, vho would 
corne out of his dug-out after the barrage had passed, would be, 
surprised by our infantry, assisted by ' auxiliary ' or companion 
arms under the protection of artillery .... Ve had 2o fo 3 ° 
more Divisions than the enemy. \Ve thought of carrying out the 
attack with 5 ° or 6o Divisions. The Army had thrown off ifs 
depression. Morale was completcly restored, and ve intended 
starting a 'ar movement. If the blow at the centre succeeded 
the strategic results might indeed be enormous, as we should 
separate the bulk of the English Army from the French and 
crowd it up with ifs back fo the sea .... The  7th Army was 
to capture the decisive heights East and North of Arras. I 
attached the greatest importance fo this attack, fo bave the high 
.grou.nd in out possession was bound fo be dccisive in any fight- 
mg m the plain of the Lys. In spire of employing extra- 
ordinary masses of artillery and ammunition, the attack of 
the  7th Army on both banks of the Scarpe was a failure." 

To shew the amount of artillery sometimes 
used, apart from trench mortars, he states in 
another place "-- 

" In the offensive battle it was necessary to bring up a Ioo 
guns fo each kilometre (ILOO yards) of front." 

The following day the (2.0. received the follow- 
ing letters "-- 

"A hurried line to tell you that, vhile I feel most keenly 
your heavy losses, I cannot sufficiently express fo you my 
humble thanks for the gallantry and devotion shewn by 
your Battalion yesterday under your leadership. If you bave 
a moment, let me knov any details of losses. I cannot corne 
fo see you, or, needless fo say, I woulcl. I may say that the 
Corps C.O. says the Division bas, it is hoped, saved Arras, 
and I know that the 7th Cameron Highlanders bore the 
hardest share of the fight. 
" ¥ours ever, 
"' H. L. REED." 

From the G.O.C. 44th Brigade'-- 
" I wish fo send my sincerest congratulations and fo thank 
you, and all ranks under yotLr leadership, for the grand work 
done during the vhole of this last tour of two months, which 
culminated in the gallant fight, put up by your Battalion on 
the 28th, and I consider that if was enfirely due fo this fight 
that the ISth Division was practically saved from destruction, 
or, at any rate, an ignominous retreat. I would like you fo 
convey to all ranks of your Battalion my sincerest sympathy 
vith them in the great struggle. The I)ivisional Commander 
to-day, in expressing his thanks for the work of the 44th 
Brigade, in all sincerity told me that your work bas saved 
'" Xrours very sincerely, 

Copy telegram G.O.C. XVII. Corps to G.O.C. 
i5th Division, dated 29th Match "-- 

"'I -knew you could be relied on to stick it out to the end. 
There are fresh troops now in support of you, but I want the 
honour of holding Arras to be yours alone." 

The Battalion was now reduced in nulnbers 
to one Company, ruade up mostly from the 
reserves at the Transport lines which had been 
left out of the trenches. Consequently we had 
one Company or the 9th Gordons attached to 
us, and three days later (Ist April) we were again 
holding tbe trenches in rear of the intermediate 
Army line, which we started to put in a state of 
defence. We soon received drafts, which began 
to increase out strength, but there were no 
officers with them. One fully realises the diffi- 
culties with which the Staff had to contend, 
and the last thing anyone wants to do is to 
reflect in any way on their hard work and 
wonderful organisation. At the saine time, we 
feel that the system of posting officers and men 
at the Base was hot the best that could have 
been devised. This was brought home to us 
on this occasion. We were very short of 
oflîcers, and on the Division asking for drafts 
we were informed that there were no Cameron 
oflîcers available, and that if we insisted on 
having officers we would have to take them 
from other units, a thing the C.O. always 
objected to. Within a few days -e received a 
letter from an officer with the home t3attalion 
who was anxious to try and get re-posted 
to the 7th. In his letter he stated that 
there was such an enormous number of 
officers with the Reserve Units they could 
hardly find room to put them all up! The 
letter was brought to the notice of the 
Division, and the result was that in a very 

short rime we had a draft of Cameron officers 
on their way fo us. 
On the 26th the Brigade was relieved by the 
I76th Brigade, and we withdrew to Berneville, 
via Dainville and Warlus, in motor lorries. We 
were now leaving the I7th Corps area, and the 
following communication was received from 
the Corps Commander addressed to the C.O.C. 
I5th Division:-- 

"I wish fo express fo you and all ranks in the Division my 
great regret af your departure from the 17th Corps, in which you 
have been incorporated for many months, and I had hoped 
that we might have seen the battle through together. That, 
however, is hOt tobe, and I only hope that the fortune of war 
may some day bring us together again. The Division has a 
great reputation, and may well be proud of it. I know that 
the honour of Scotland is sale in its keeping, and that those 
now serving will prove themselves worthy of those men who 
bave won glory for the Division in the past. I wish you ail 
good luck and success from the bottom of my heart. 

"' Lieut.-General Commanding ITth Corps." 

On the 26th we moved by motor bus to 
Auchel. On the Ist May the G.O.C. inspected 
the Battalion and presented medals. In a short 
address to the Brigade he thanked all ranks for 
their work and devotion to duty while in the 
Arras sector, and dwelt parti.cularly on their 
splendid work on the 28th m repelling the 
German attack. The following was sent from 
the G.O.C. 44th Brigade to O.C. 7th Camerons :-- 

• ' I wish to thank you and all ranks of your Battalion for their 
excellent behavIour and sraart appearance the whole rime 
we have been in billets in Auchel. I think it will be very 
gratifying to you to low that the Divisional Commander, 

Apr. ',81 AUCHEL. I3I 

during the parade yesterday, told me that he considered the 
44th Brigade the best command in France, and that he had 
never seen smarter or cleaner men in any village during the 
war than the 7th Cameron Highlanders. I would like you to 
notify all ranks of the Divisional Commander's high appreci- 
ation of their successful efforts to keep up the credit of the 
44th Brigade. 
«' Brigadier-General." 


[lay '8 



N the 4th of May the Brigade moved to the 
I7th Corps Area. The Camerons proceeded 
by match route to Calonne-Ricouart, where they 
entrained and proceeded to Acq. From here 
they proceeded to " Y "huts, Etrun, by match 
route, the transport moving by road. On the 
6th we proceeded into support camps. We 
spent out rime between the front lines and the 
reserve camps up to the Ioth of June, when we 
were withdrawn back once more into Arras. 
These support camps, Collingwood, Trafalgar, 
and Portsmouth, were originally constructed 
by the Naval Brigade, who ruade a very fine 
job of it. They were, however, now under 
observation by the enemy, and we were shelled 
now and again. We luckily sustained no casu- 
alties in them, but some of the other battalions 
were hot so fortunate. 
At times we also occupied the huts built on 
the side of the railway embankment. These 
were very comfortable, for, being on a steep 
slope, they were always dry, and it was ahnost 
impossible for the enemy to hit them. We were 
also bivouacked beside the old ponds and 

ay '18] BLANGY PARK. 133 
gardens of Blangy Park. The weather was very 
warm, and both officers and men thoroughly 
enjoyed another spell of bathing and basking in 
the sun. The scene had the appearance of 
some picture by an old toaster with its tall trees, 
grassy banks and sunny pools, where naked 
gods reclined and bathed. Sometimes a shell 
would fall amongst us, but luckily they never did 
any barre, as they generally hit the water or 
buried themselves in the soft ground. The next 
occupants, however, received more attention 
from the Boche, and were inclined to blame us for 
too much movement. The true cause of this 
was hot our movements, but the fact that a 
battery of artillery was brought up into the 
woods near the ponds before we left. 
During one of our spells in the trenches 
about this rime we removed a large gun from a 
German concrete battery position in the front 
area, which had been captured during the 
Battle of Arras. Ail the work had to be done 
at night by hand labour, and as the gun was a 
considerable weight it was some job, but we 
finally got if out and towed it back over the 
grass. It is a peculiar old French gun ruade of 
brass. It had been rebored by the Germans 
and fitted with a 5-9 tube. We finally got it 
sent home as a trophy aiong with its carriage. 
We were asked to lend it to the War Trophy's 
Exhibition in London, but decided instead 
to present it to the town of Inverness, as the 
capital of the I-IJghlands, and also as a proof 
that we had hot forgotten the many kindnesses 



the Battalion received there before it came out, 
and there it now lies. 
On going back into Arras we received with 
much regret the information that, owing to the 
shortage of men and recruits, a large number of 
units were to be amalgamated. As we were the 
Junior ]3attalion of the Cameron Highlanders, 
it was decided that we should unite with the 
6th ]3attalion. Itis hardly necessary to say 
that this news was very far from welcome, hot 
that we had anything against the 6th, but 
because the 7th ]3attalion, which had ruade such 
a naine for itself, was to cease to exist. It was 
decided by the G.O.C. Division that the O.C. 
of the 7th ]3attalion should take over the com- 
mand of the 6th, and he also gave permission 
for him to transfer what officers and men he 
might desire. This was a great concession, as 
originally the order had been that only the 
deficiencies in officers and men of the Senior 
]3attalion should be ruade up. The decision 
was a sound one, as by this means a splendid 
]3attalion was constructed. 
The remains of the 7th ]3attalion were to be 
ruade into a training ]3attalion for the American 
Army. It was, therefore, possible for officers and 
men, who were either war worn or had seen a con- 
siderable amount of fighting, and deserved 
a test flore the fighting area, to be sent 
with the training cadre. This left a large 
number of officers and men tobe disposed of, 
and it was no easy task to decide whom to keep 
and whom to let go. The C.O. was much 

Ju,e ',8] AMALGAMATION. 135 

touched with the devotion and loyalty to the 
Battalion shown by many. Wherever he went 
he would be waylaid by anxious applicants, 
who would beseech him to keep them, some 
even with tears in their eyes, for, although 
it was promised that any who might be 
sent to the base would be kept as drafts 
for the Camerons only, still they had had 
so many experiences of similar promises they 
did hot believe it. Their disbelief proved 
eventually to be well founded, for many of them 
were finally transferred to other units. It was a 
trying time. Everyone who was remaining 
had, so far as possible, to put on a cheery 
countenance and to argue that it was all for 
the best, still many of them felt the parting 
with old comrades and tried friends as much 
as those who had to leave. 
On the Ioth June the C.O. said farewell to 
those of the Battalion proceeding to join the 
39th Cadre Division to provide a training staff 
for the U.S.A. Army. It was a sad moment, 
which certainly he and probably many others 
who were present will never forger. The trans- 
port, of which Captain Mauchlin was so j ustly 
proud, was ordered to proceed to the base. 
Many exchanges took place with friendly trans- 
port oflïcers in the Division, so that the transport 
which left out lines for the base, under Captain 
Mauchlin, was transformed into a collection of 
the most ordinary looking horses drawing lim- 
bers and waggons very far short of the splendid 
transport of the 7th Camerons. No sadder man 



left the Battalion than the transport officer. 
I-Ie had a great knowledge of his work, and took 
keen interest in his transport, which, by his 
untiring energy, had been brought to a high 
state of efficiency. 
The following officers were transferred from 
the 7th to the 6th Battalion :-- 

Lieut.-Colonel N. MACLEOD, D.S.O., to Command. 
Major R. M'F. CRAM, Second in Command. 
Captain T. ORR, M.C. 
Lieut. J. R. PARK. 
Lieut. R. A. M. MACCROSTIE. 
Lieut. R. C. HAMILTON. 
Lieut. E. J. G. GIBB, M.C. 
Lieut. S. M'D. SHAW. 
Lieut. D. STEWART. 
Lieut. D. WISHART. 
Lieut. E. P. B. CAiERON. 
Lieut. R. S. D. POLLOCK. 
2nd. Lieut. P. AUSrlN. 
2nd. Lieut. R. C. M-ICHLL. 
2nd. Lieut. J. R. CIN. 
2nd. Lieut. P. F. PREN'£ICE. 
2nd. Lieut. A. BANKS. 
2nd. Lieut. H. T. MACBETH. 
2nd. Lieut. M. T. H. WILSON. 
2nd. Lieut. A. KING. 
2nd. Lieut. J. HOGG, and 
383 Other Ranks. 
Of these the C.O. was the only original officer 
who had joined in September, I9I 4, and pro- 
ceeded overseas with the Battalion as Captain 
Commanding "B " Company. In addition to 
him there were about ten men who had embarked 
with the Battalion in July, I915. 
Thus does the official history of the 7th 
Battalion corne to an end. It might be as well, 
however, belote closing, to follow roughly the 
training Battalion's movements until it was 


broken up, and also to refer shortly to the 
doings of the 6th Battalion, which now con- 
tained many of the 7th. 
The training staff proceeded to Calais, via 
I-Iazebrouck, where they were affiliated to the 
3rd Battalion I I9th Regiment A.E.F. They 
at once entered upon their duties as instructors, 
which they carried on up to the 2nd July, when 
the American Division left the area, and the 
training staff moved to Veuse. I-Iere they 
carried on instructional training lectures. On 
the 25th they moved to Watten for the 7th 
Corps Reinforcement Camps. On the 3oth 
they proceeded to Arneke, where they were 
joined by a Battalion of Reinforcements for 
the 5ISt Division, and worked on the back area 
in the 2nd Army Front, the Battahon being 
called the I9th Corps Reinforcement Battalion. 
From Arneke they went to St. Eloi area. They 
occupied different camps in this area, some of 
them being very bad. On the 7th, 348 other 
ranks, conducted by 6 officers, left for the 5ISt 
Division, and the remainder of the reinforce- 
ments and the cadre moved into billets at La 
Cloche. On the 9th the remainder of the rein- 
forcements were ordered to rejoin the 5ISt 
Division, and orders were received that what 
remained of the 7th Camerons training staff 
had been placed af the disposal of the ]3.A.G. 
for reinforcements. On the I2th of August 
orders came to return to the 39th Division to 
billets in Listergaux. On the I3th August instruc- 
tions were given that the 7th Cameron I-Iigh- 



landers training staff should be broken up, all 
officers and other ranks who remained being sent 
as reinforcements to the 6th Battalion, with the 
exception of Lieut.-Colonel Anderson, who took 
over command of the 8th Seaforths and the 
Adjurant and Orderly Room Sergeant, who were 
sent to Rouen Base to wind up and check 
records, all stores being handed into Ordnance. 
Something must also be said of the 6th 
I3attalion which, as has already been stated, 
now included many ofiîcers and men from the 
7th ]3attalion. The amalgamation was carried 
out most satisfactorily. The C.O. addressed 
both units separately, and ruade a special appeal 
to both officers and men not to discuss and 
compare the merits and doings in the past of 
the two ]3attalions which were now united, but 
to remember that they all belonged to the sarne 
famous regiment, and that it was up to thern 
to pull together, and so maintain the high narne 
which both ]3attalions had already created. 
Everyone backed him up most willingly, 
the result being that there was hot a single 
instance of crime arising from disputes between 
the men of Lhe different I3attalions. This is 
all the more creditable when it is remembered 
that there was considerable unpleasantness in 
some of the other units which were amalgamated. 

" uly 'I 8]  39 
CttAPTER 9. 


HE 6th Battalion remained in the Arras 
sector till the beginning of July, when 
we were at last taken out of the line. 
We moved back, and it was believed that we 
were going to have that long test which we so 
much deserved, and to which we had been 
looking forward ever since we arrived in France. 
çVe had been in the fighting area practically 
since the end of the previous year, a period of 
about seven months, which included heavy 
fighting. We were certain that we were in for a 
long test when we entrained. We steamed 
off south, and out hopes became still higher as 
the report got about that we were going to one 
of the big French training areas in the south of 
France. We heard it was an ideal spot, and a 
health resort even belote the war. However, 
after steaming some distance past Amiens, the 
train suddenly stopped, and we were ordered 
to get out and proceed to billets. Out faith 
began to be shaken in the gentleman who talked 
about the seaside in the south. It was still 
more shaken the next day when the Battalions 
were embussed and proceeded in the direction 
of the front line. 

On the I8th of July we found ourselves under 
the command of the 3rd French Army. On the 
I9th we moved into the Montigny area, and on 
the 23rd we relieved he first American Division 
and held the left sector of the 2oth Corps. We 
took over the line on the night of the 22/23rd, 
and received orders that we were to attack 
the next morning (23rd) on the high ground on 
the west banl: of the Criscuart at Misse. The 
C.O. hurried forward in the afternoon, and had 
a look round the line. The Americans had 
suffered heavy casualties, and the ground was 
strewn with their dead. The Battalion came 
in that evening, and the relief was carried out 
without much difficulty. There was some con- 
fusion as to the exact location of out front line, 
which apparently did hot tally with that shewn 
by the maps taken over. I-Iowever, there was 
no time to make even a preliminary reconnais- 
sance. The zero hour was fixed for 5 a.m. The 
(2.0. and Adjurant moved back to Brigade I-Iead- 
quarters, as up to midnight no orders had been 
received for the attack. The C.O.'s of the other 
units of the Brigade were also there. The 
operation orders did hot corne in till about 3 a.m. 
There was just time to issue the Battalion 
operation orders, but it :vas quite impossible 
to instruct Company officers or others in person. 
The attack commenced at 5 a.m. with the 
6th Camerons on the right, the Argylls on the 
left, and the Royal Scots in support. Evel?'- 
thing went well to begin with, although we 
came under very heavy machine gun tire. Our 

July '8] BUZANCY. 4 
barrage did hot prove of much use, as the official 
front line given to us was round tobe consider- 
ably in advance of that actually held. We ad- 
vanced a considerable distance and took a sugar 
factory. We had suffered severe casualties in 
consequence of the barrage, leaving some German 
machine guns untouched. The attack took 
place down a steep bluff, then across the valley 
(which was intersected by a railway embank- 
ment), and the river, and up steep rising ground 
on the other side. We managed to get forward 
fairly well, although encountering strong opposi- 
tion from the enemy. We took the railway 
ernbartkrnent and river, including " Sucrerie." 
Out left flank, however, was in the air by this 
time, as we could not get into touch with the 
Argylls on out left. We extended in order to 
tr and link up with thern, but finally dis- 
covered they had corne under heavy tire and had 
hot been able to advance. The result was that 
for a rime we had practically held the whole 
brigade front. About 6 p.rn. the enerny put 
down a heavy barrage and launched a strong 
counter-attack, but this was successfully re- 
pulsed. We were to bave attacked the village 
of Buzancy on the rnorning of the 24th, but 
this was postponed. 
Owing to the pronounced salient held by the 
Division at the " Sucrerie," it was decided to 
withdraw and occupy the line of the railway. 
The fighting was of an open order nature, 
through fields of grain and srnall woods, with 
machine guns firing frorn behind hedges instead 



of out of the usual trenches. On the 27th we 
received orders for the Division to make an 
attack on Buzancy and the high ground to the 
east of the village. The fighting was again 
severe, and ended with out taking Buzancy. 
There was exceedingly bitter fighting round the 
grenade works, and the enemy put up very 
strong counter-attacks. Owing fo the non- 
success of the 87th French Division on out right, 
we had finally to withdraw to the line of the 
On the 3oth or the 3ISt July it was decided 
that the 45th Brigade would attack the main 
Soissons road from Villemontoire. About lO.45 
a.m. we had more or less reached out objectives, 
although the others had been slightly held up 
by heavy machine gun tire. Out right flank 
was now in the air, as we could hot get into 
touch with the K.O.S.B.'s. Meantime we 
formed a defensive flank along the road from 
the cemetery to the Soissons road. The S.O.S. 
went up from the I2th Division about 2.45 p.m. 
and also from the original front line. A pitiless 
machine gun tire was experienced from the 
wooded hills on the right. Evidently the Ger- 
mans had raided the I2th Division's lines, and 
we heard later that they had taken some 
prisoners. About lO.35 a.m. on the 2nd August 
strong patrols which had pushed out found 
that the enemy was retiring, and we got orders 
to swing out right forward so as to keep in 
touch with the 44th Brigade. About 3.30 p.m 
the Brigade reached the edge of the Concrois 

Aug. 't8] BUZANCY. x43 

wood. At 7.50 the next objective was given 
as the river Crise about Nilleblain. On the 
night of the 2/3rd we were relieved by the x7th 
(French) Division, and on the 4th we embussed 
for Leincourt. 
So came to an end our tour with the French 
and American Armies. The Iollowing is an 
interesting memo. issued by the First Field 
Artillery Brigade of the American Expeditionary 
Force to the batteries of the Brigade, and also 
special orders issued by the French Army 
Commanding Ottcers :-- 

U.S.A., July nd, x918. 
«" lemorandum. 
'" It is noted that, for the first te  histo, French, 
Bdtish and American Artery are workg together under 
the saine Coand. They w suppo  attack to-morrow 
mog to be ruade by the xsth {Scottish) Division  le as 
foows :-- 
45h Bgade. 46h Bgade. 
/8ih ArH d Suther- oth Scottish es (trousers) 
land Highlanders {kts) 7/Sth K.O.S.B. (trousers). 
6ih Ceron Higanders 9h oy cors 
I3 RoyM Scots (trousers). 
 Reserve, 44th Brigade. 
4/Sth Black Vatch ighlanders (kts). 
5th Seoh Highlders (kts). 
5rb Gordon iganders (ts)." 
Extract o telehone message rom General 
Mangin, Commanding X French Army, to 
G.O.C. ISth Dision. 
" Le Gener ang vous charge de lire au General Reed que 
le succes d'aujourd'hui a été acheté par la conduite de tous et 
paicieremt par le sarcifice des cossais." 



Special order by General Mangin, Com- 
manding X Arrny, 20 Corps d' Armee. 
3 Bureau. ORDER 
du General Mangin. 
"" Io 1375] 3. 
«' A communiquer aux troupes per tous les moyens ; 
]En avant f la victoire du I er Aofit achève celle du 18 Juillet 
et se termina en poursuite. Les chemins sont affreux, mais 
il pleut auss pour les Boches--Tallonnez-les0 bousculez.les en 
dépassant les faibles centres de résistance où ils essaient de 
ralentir notre marche victorieuse. 
«' Ce soir il faut que la Xe Armée soit sur la Vesle.'" 
Copy of letter from G.O.C. ITkh (French) 
Division to G.O.C. to I5th Scottish Division. 
Tra nslation. 
" I7th Infantrv Division. 27th August, 1918. 
" Mon Genera|, 
" After relieving your Division in the pursuit on the Vesle, 
I established my I-Ieadquarters at Buzancy. I round there the 
traces still fresh of the exploits of your Scottish soldiers, and 
the officers of my staff were able fo see clearly what haxd fight- 
ing you had had fo gain possession or the village, and, above ail, 
of the park. 
" Wishing fo Ieave on the spot some lasting tribute to the 
bravery of your soldiers, I entrusted to one of my oflïcers, 
Lieut. Rene Puaux, the task of erecting there, with the 
material af hand, a small monument emblemafic of the homage 
and admiration of my Division for yours. 
"' This monument has on it " a medallion " on which are 
inscribed thistles and roses, and beneath, the words :-- 
« Hem the noble thistle of Scotland will flourish forever among 
the roses of France." 
and beneath : 
" I7th French Division 
• I5th (Scottish) Division." 
"' Thîs monument was erected on the highest point of the 
plateau, where we round the body of the Scottish soldier who 
advanced the farthest (on 28th July, IgI8--Buzancy). 
" The photograph of this monument bas appeared in the 
last number of the ]OUlaml L' Illustration. I thought you 
would be glad to bave a few copies of the photograph, which 
I send you herewith. They convey to you, together with the 
memories which I bave kept of out short meeting at Vierzy, 


Monument eceoLed by the 17th Frenoh Division fo 
15th Scottish Division, neae Eluzann¥, Jul¥, 1918. 



the expression of my esteem and my admiration for your 
valiant Division. 
" Will you please accept, dear General, the expression of my 
sincere regards. 
" General de Division, C. CASSOINS, Commandin 
"' ITth {French) Division." 
order by General Mangin, Com- 
ioth French Army. 
Au Q. G. A., 
5th August, 1918. 
O[ficers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Men of the I 5th and 34th 
British Divisions. 
«« You entered the battle af its fiercest moment. The 
enemy, already once vanquished, again brought up against 
us his best Divisions, considerably outnumbering our own. 
" You continued to advance step by step, in spire of his 
desperate resistance, and you held the grotuad won in spire of 
his violent counter-attacks. 
«' Then during the whole day of the Ist of August, side by 
side with your French comrades, you stormed the ridge domin- 
ating the whole country between the Aisne and the Ourcq, 
which the defenders had received orders to hold at all costs. 
«' Having failed in his attempt to retake the ridge with his 
last reserves, the enemy had to beat a retreat pursued and 
harassed for i2 kilometres. 
'« AI1 of you, English and Scottish, young soldiers and 
veterans of Flanders and Palestine, you have shewn the magni- 
ficent qualifies of your race: courage and imperturbable 
" You bave won the admiration of your companions in 
arms. Your country will be proud of you, for to your chief s 
and to you is due a large share in the victory that we bave 
gained over the barbarous enemies of the free. 
"I ara happy to bave fought at your head, and I thank you. 

The monument at ]3uzancy is, we believe, 
unique as being the only monument raised by the 
French Army to British troops during thewar. 
We must refer to the excellent staff arrange- 

ments for bussing troops which the French had 
ruade. Out usual experience had been that 
when one was ordered to embus at a certain bout, 
the busses never turned up for a considerable 
rime afterwards. In fact, on out way down the 
bussing and training arrangements were several 
hours behind the scheduled rime-table. With 
the French, however, on each occasion the busses 
turned up a few minutes before the hour they 
were due, so that we had no delay. We also had 
an officer in a motor car taking charge of the 
convoy of busses. Tlfis enabled him to more 
about and sec that no distance was lost, also 
to go ahead and regulate traffic at important 
cross roads. Another good arrangement they 
had was having one or two empty busses at 
the end of each column, so that if a bus broke 
down it was drawn to one side, and the men 
speedily transferred to an empty bus. So the 
whole column was kept together. 
We now moved north to the Loos sector, 
and it was very interesting once more going 
over the old ground. We took part in the final 
general advance from this area. After the 
Armistice we were informed that we were one 
of the Divisions that had been chosen for the 
Army of Occupation, and we busily prepared 
indents for new clothing, etc., in order to make a 
good impression. It was decided, however, 
that the young Battalions who had corne out 
from home should take over this duty. We 
were finally billeted in Braine le Comte. Here 
we instituted a Battalion Mess. We had 

Nov. ',si THE LAST ADVANCE. I47 

always been in the habit of doing this wherever 
possible. No doubt many oflïcers preferred 
the small Company messes, but from a disciplin- 
ary and many other points of view the ]3attalion 
mess had many advantages. Certainly our 
mess proved a great success. 

x48 [Mar. 'z9 


HE 6th Battalion was one of the Bat- 
talions chosen to represent the Isth 
Division in the match past belote the 
King of the Belgians and the Duke of ¥ork-- 
the Earl of Inverness--in Brussels. We were 
the guests of the town of Brussels for the three 
days we were there, and everyone enjoyed their 
visit. The men were billeted in good houses, 
and both they and the oflîcers thoroughIy 
enjoyed the theatres and dancing halls. Their 
behaviour was exemplary, and when the Bat- 
talion " fell in" to match home there was hot 
a single man absent. The parade itself was 
greatly spoilt by a ShOW storm. We also 
arranged for each Company to visit the field of 
Waterloo, a short lecture being given belote- 
hand on the battle. The men displayed keen 
interest, especially in the panorama on which 
they could see the square with the 79th. We 
were all struck with the smallness of the battle- 
field, and the enormous number of men that 
must have been crowded into this space. The 
whole area would probably hot have been more 
than a two-battalion front in one of our late 
Orders were that drills were to be reduced to a 

ar. "x9] MARKING TIIE. 49 

minimum, and that education classes for the 
men were to be started. This education scheme, 
however, was hot a very great success, as we 
never received any supplies of books or any 
other material for carrying it out. The French 
class proved very popular, probably because 
everyone wanted to be able to converse with the 
inhabitants, especially the young ladies. In 
order to employ the men and keep them fit, 
we took up athletics very keenly. There vere 
several good athletes who had formerly been 
prize vinners both in the 6th and 7th. Once 
again we managed to prove ourselves the 
best Battalion in this respect. Every officer 
and man had to belong to a team, and there is 
no doubt that the officers taking a keen interest 
in the gaines ruade all the difference in the 
Out football team won both in the Brigade 
and Division contests, and had a very tough 
fight belote they were beaten in the Corps. 
At the end of the first gaine we vere all level, 
so we played another hall hour. As this resulted 
in another draw, we had a replay, which also 
proved undecisive, so that we had again to play 
extra time, in which both teams scored a goal. 
On the 3rd replay we were unfortunately beaten 
by one goal to nothing. _As out opponents 
were the Liverpool Scottish, the defeat 
was somewhat softened. The match was 
intensely exciting, both for players and 
spectators. Out cross country team was 
out greatest uccess, winning not only the 

}3rigade, Division, and Corps Cups, but finally 
establishing themselves as " Army " Champions. 
We also had a strong boxing team, which won 
the }3rigade cup, and one of our men was the 
runner up in the "Army " Championship light- 
weights. In the final he was against a much 
bigger and stronger lad than himself. IIe was 
all out in the third round, but he put up such a 
plucky fight that the referee recommended the 
Committee to award him a second prize, which 
they duly did. 
With us, as with other units, the demobilisa- 
tion caused a certain amount of dissatisfaction, 
owing to the fact that the system of demobilising 
by " trades " and " districts " enabled many 
men who had only served a few months to get 
home before others who had been out for long 
periods. The Cadre of the }3attalion set out 
for home on the 7th June. We proceeded to 
Inverness with the Colours, which were duly 
deposited at the Cameron Depot. The Colour 
party was received by the lrovost and others, 
and played up to the Depot by the }3and. The 
following day 1Vit. }3arron, brother of the late 
Major Barron of the 7th, who was killed at Loos, 
entertained the whole Cadre to lunch, a kindness 
which we all highly appreciated. We then 
proceeded fo Kinross, where we were finally 
The Colours of the 7th }3attalion were "pre- 
sented " at the Depot during the lXTorthern 
meeting in 192o by the Duke of York, Earl of 
Inverness, and I-Ion. Colonel of the 4th Battalion. 


On that day the Regiment held a reunion parade 
at which many men who had formerly served 
in the Battalion were present. After the pre- 
sentation we all marched through the town, 
the salure being taken by the I)uke of York, 
who was accompanied by The lackintosh of 
Mackintosh, Lord Lieutenant of the County, 
and Lieut.-General Sir Spencer Ewart, K.C.B. 
On the Sunday the Colours of both the 6th and 
the 7th were marched by a Guard of I-Ionour 
to the I-Iigh Church, the Parish Church of 
Inverness, and handed over by Lieut.-Colonel 
N. Macleod, Cameron I-Iighlanders, for sale 
custody, to the Minister and Provost as repre- 
senting the Session and Iqeritors. 
So ends the history of the 7th Battalion, better 
known as the "Shiny 7th." They received 
this name because of the great care that was 
taken by all ranks in their cleanliness and 
appearance. Even in the front line every man 
polished his buttons, brushed his boots and 
cleaned Iris equipment every day. No doubt 
this was irksome to a few, but the large majority 
of the men took a keen pride in themselves. 
The shortage of water did hot prevent, out 
men from shaving, and on many occasions, 
when water could hot be got, they reserved a 
little of their tea for this purpose. There is no 
doubt about the " morale " effect of keeping 
clean, and men always feel better for it. Further, 
it occupied their spare time and so kept their 
minds from meditating upon their unpleasant 

This is no new discovery, for one reads that 
when Sir John Moore started to train men in 
Ireland for the Peninsular War, one of the first 
things he did was to encourage the men to clean 
themselves and take up athletics so as to keep 
them out of "pot bouses" and to increase their 
morale. It is also interesting to read in Luden- 
dorff's memoirs that one of the chief causes 
he assigns for the loss of discipline and morale 
amongst the soldiers of the German Army was 
the filthy conditions in which they had to live 
in the trenches, and the impossibility of getting 
the men to clean themselves. Certainly, from 
the appearance of prisoners, the I-Iun paid little 
attention to cleanliness in the front line areas. 
Out "Q " side also had a good deal to do 
with the morale, as by the system on which we 
worked everything possible was done for the 
comfort of the men. Men who were always 
detached from their companies, such as those in 
the Transport lines and at Battalion I-Iead- 
quarters, had N.C.O.'s told off to act as Q.M.S. 
for the detachment. They also had their own 
cooks, and the officer in charge of them was ruade 
responsible for their comfort and welfare. On 
one occasion ]3attalion Commanders were called 
to a conference to discuss the organisation of a 
Battalion with a General Officer from G.I-I.Q. 
We all went full of wrinkles learnt from practical 
experience, but as soon as the first suggestion 
was put forward the General got up and stated 
that a Battalion must consist of four Companies 
of four platoons each, to which every man and 

"H.Q." COMPANY. 153 
oflîer must belong, and he would hOt listen to 
any discussion as to proposais for I-Ieadquarter 
Companies, etc. In theory we all maintained 
the four Companies, yet circumstances ruade if 
essential there should be I-Ieadquarter detach- 
Out I{eadquarters were divided into platoons 
or sections, each under an officer, with a senior 
officer in command of the whole. Thus sig- 
nallers were under the Signalling Oflïcer, runners 
and observers under the Observation Officer. 
Each section had its own battle position in 
defence of I-Ieadquar}.ers, and " stood to " 
morning and evening m these positions under 
the command of their officers. If I-Ieadquarter 
rations had been left fo the four Companies to 
provide, and there had been no fighting organi- 
sation, it would have led hOt only to great 
discomfort but to considerable danger, in the 
event of a successful attack by the enemy, such 
indeed as that which Ollurred in Match, 1918. 
One is glad to know that this fact was generally 
realised towards the end of the war by I-Iigher 
Authority. It was often found diflïcult for 
old serving soldiers, especially Q.M.'s, to change 
the routine which bas almost grown a part of 
themselves, but in the 7th Battalion we were 
lucky in having able Q.M.'s, who were always 
willing to adopt any scheme that was for the 
comfort of the men. 
We cannot close these notes without 
stating out profound and deep respect for 
the officers, non-commissioned oflïcers and 

men who served along with us in this splen- 
did Battalion. They suffered appalling 
hardships, especially in winter, living in trenches 
hall filled with freezing mud, often without a 
shelter; they performed prodigious feats of 
work for long hours and for days on end ; they 
advanced and conquered despite the most 
terrible barrages, the men carrying on by thern- 
selves after their officers and senior non- 
commissioned officers had become casualties; 
they had, moreover, successfully withstood 
the shock of one of the most terrific attacks 
which the Germans were able to bring 
against them. .A_gain and again the Bat- 
talion was annihilated, but there were always 
plenty of recruits ready to uphold the honour 
of the Regiment. As was once said of 
the Cameron I-Iighlanders in another great war : 
" Such troops may be annihilated, they can 
never be defeated." Notlfing better reflects 
the fine spirit of the young men of Scotland, 
and their patriotic decision to defend their 
country at all costs, than the fact that the heavy 
casualty lists proved the best recruiting sergeant. 
Justly proud in the knowledge that rime cannot 
wither, nor the centuries deface, the glorious 
memory of these heroic achievements, every 
officer, non-commissioned ofcer and man, 
whose honour it was to serve with the 
7th Battalion, derives kis kighest pleasure 
and his truest satisfaction from the reflection 
that he pelformed his duty; that he "did 
his best " in the most critical period which the 


omeland has ever been called upon to face, 
nd that he and his comrades have wfitten a 
olden page well worthy of its place in the noble 
_cords of their famous and beloved Regiment, 


4/ 1/16 

.. Lieut.-Col. J. W. Saudilands, D.S.O. 

3/ 6/16 
41 6/I7 
9/ ii18 


•. lIajor T. L. Cunningham. 
.. Major Norman MacLeod. 
.. Captain J. A. Symon. 

141 1/16 
26/ 7/18 
26/ 9/17 
18/ 6/17 
18/ 7/17 
26/ 7/I8 
27/ 7/I6 
26/ 9/I7 
26/ 9/17 
Il 1/I7 
I/ 1/18 
111 5!17 
181 7/17 
26/ 9/17 
3/ 6/17 
26/ 7/I8 

22/ 4/I8 
7/ 4/18 
26/ 9/17 
1/ 1/17 
18/ 7/17 
II/ 5/I7 

2nd Lieut. R. R. Anderson. 
Lieut. P. Austin. 
2nd Lieut. W. Black. 
2nd Lieut. J. T. Bookless, 
Capt. A. C. Bateman, R.A.M.C. 
Lient. J. Findlay. 
2nd Lieut. J. W. Graham. 
Lieut. E. J. G. Gibb. 
2nd Lieut. H. B. Goudie. 
2Ild Lieut. R. Jardine. 
a/Capt. J. L. C. Jen -kins. 
S/13232 C.S.M.A. Kidd. 
Capt. G. J. S. Lumsden. 
2nd Lieut. G. R. Morton. 
2nd Lieut. V. L. Muir-Kay. 
end Lieut. D. Moir. 
2nd Lieut. J. Millet. 
2lld Lieut. J. tt. Mauchlin. 
2nd Lieut. J. M'BIurray. 
2nd Lieut. J. I. M'Donald. 
2nd Lieut. A. R. M'Donald. 
Lieut. J. p. v. M'Cracken. 
2nd Lieut. T. Orr. 
2nd Lieut. R. B. Purdon. 
Captain V. G. S. Stuart. 
2nd Lieut. N. S. Sire. 
2nd Lieut. R. W. B. Semple. 


18/ 6/I7 
14/ 1/16 
X/ Iii 7 
I8/ 6/17 
I4/I 1/16 
3/ 6/I8 
2I/ 7/I6 
I4/ 1/16 


C.S.M.C.L. ]3. Davie. 
Cpl. J. Drysdale. 
C.S.M.P. Fleming. 
L./Sgt. W. C. Lamb. 
a/C.S.M.J. Little. 
C.S.M.J.p. M'GilI. 
Sgt. J. iontgomerie. 
Cpl. E. M'Kie. 
a]B.S.M.A.K. 8cott. 
L./Sgt. H. Winning. 
a/C.S.M.T. Yates. 

I9]I I]I 7 
27/ 6/8 

M.M. witk Bac. 

• • 6765 Sgt. A. Macdonald. 
.. 8]14147 Sgt. M. W. Morrison. 
• . 8]I5565 Private J. MacLeod. 
•. S]I4297 Sgt. A. impsoff. 

3/ 7/17 
Ig/II]I 7 
3/ 7/I7 
18/ 61I 7 
18/ 6/17 
lO] 4/I8 
18] I/I8 
29/ 7/I6 
27/ 6/I8 
29] 7/16 
27/ 6118 
1/ 5/17 


.. 8140965 
.. 5563 
.. S/I39184 
.. 8]17792 
.. 8/18o9o 
.. 8/I8578 
.. S/I8323 
• o 89oo 
• . S/15513 
.. 8/41016 
.. 8]43231 
.. 9260 
.. 8/I6816 
.. 8114o84 
• . 8/23439 
.. 8/zoo39 
.. S/I4322 
.. 8/14oo2 
.. 8/I8641 

Pte. G. G. W. AHan. 
a/C.S.M.D. Anderson. 
L./Cpl. J. Anderson. 
Pte. J. Boyle. 
Pte. R. Bell. 
Pte. A. H. Craig. 
8gt. J. R. Cameron. 
Cpl. D. Donegan. 
L./Cpl. W. Fulton. 
Pte. H. Finlay. 
L./Cpl. J. Forsyth. 
a]C.S.M.M. Grant. 
L./epl. R. Gardiner. 
Sgt. R. Grierson. 
Pte. /'. M'Govern. 
Pte. J. ttealy. 
Pie. 8. Hül. 
Pte. W. Johnston. 
L./Cpl. J. Kelly. 



xo/ 6/x7 
27/ 6/I8 
29/ 7/I6 
11/ 5/17 
18/ 6/17 
29/ 8/18 
25/ 5/17 
18/ 6/17 
18/ 6/17 
io/ 4/18 
27 /6/18 
2/ 7/17 
3/ 7]I7 
29/ 8/18 
18/ 6/17 
29/ 8/18 
29/ 7/16 
8/ 8/17 
lol 4/18 
3/ 7/17 
29] 8118 
27/ 6/18 
18/ 6/17 

M.M. (continue&} 
$]22946 L./Cpl. J. 13. Keiller. 

8] 14069 
2oo2o 4 
.. S]2oo542 

L./Cpl. M. R. King. 
L./Cpl. C. Logan. 
L./Cpl. J. MacDougall. 
Sgt. D. H. M'Gilp. 
L.]Cpl. J. A. M'Gowan. 
Pte. G. M'Lean. 
Pte. J. MacLeod. 
L.]Cpl. J. M'Intyre. 
Pte. J. M'Lean. 
Sgt. A. MacDonald. 
L.]Cpl. T. A. M'Murray. 

Sgt./). P. Maxwell. 
Sgt. M. W. Morrison. 
a/Sgt. T. Morgan. 
L./Sgt. ,V. M'Kay. 
a/Sgt. A. M'Innes. 
L.]Cpl. W. Millet. 
Pte. J. M'Iellan. 
.L./Cpl. J. Nicolson. 
L.]Cpl. T. A. Nicolson. 
I,./Cpl. R. Pringle. 
Cpl. W. J. Ramage. 
Cpl. T. Rowett. 
L./Cpl. W. Ross. 
Pte. J. Rose. 
Cpl. T. 8. Renton. 
A/L/Sg't. G. S. Sutherland. 
Sgt. R. 1 . J. Small. 
L.]Cpl. T. Shumacker. 
L.]Cpl. J. Stoddart. 
Cpl. J. N. Spiers. 
Pte. J. Spence. 
I,./Sgt. C. Smith. 
Cpl. A. Simpson. 
Pte. W. Train. 
L./Cpl. E. B. Thomson. 
Cpl. W. Taylor. 
Pte. J. Tulloch. 
Pte. J. Vickers. 
Sgt. T. Wlight. 
L./Cpl. R. Young. 

lO/ 4/18 
1/ 1/18 
I7/ 6/I8 
17/ 6/18 

.. 81161o 4 
.. 8/16824 
.. 8/I348o 
.. 8/14285 

Service Medal. 
L.]Cpl. G. G. Black. 
A./Sgt. R. Burton. 
Pte. W. Lindsay. 
L./Cpl. W. Ogston. 


Royal Humane Society Parchment for Saving Comrade's lire/rom 
8] 9117 .. 8'23888 Pte. J. I-I. Ritchie. 

1/ 1/16 
24/ 2/17 
1/ /16 
25/ 5/17 
15/ 6/i6 
24/ 5/18 
25/ 5/17 
7/ 4/18 
24/ 5/18 
25/ 5/17 
15/ 6/16 
I5/ 6/16 
15] 6/16 
41 I/X7 
25/ 5/17 
25/ 5/r7 
7/ 4/18 
4] 1117 
25/ 5/7 
13/ 6/16 
I/ 1/16 
/ r/16 
211211 7 
25/ 5/r7 
I5/ 6/16 
25/ 5/I7 

Mentioned in Despatches. 
Lieut. R. 1%. Anderson. 
S/I2229 R.S.M.A. Anderson. 
S/I332I C.S.M.D. Adam. 
S/13184 L./Cpl. A. Bell. 
5651 C.S.iI. J. B. Cranston. 
13436 t'te. A. C. Campbell. 
Captain A. R. Chaplnan. 
Major P. M'P. Cram. 
S/21667 L./Cpl. H. Fleming. 
Lieut. G. J. S. Lumsden. 
S/I3OOI Cpl. P. Macdonald. 
S/I5814 L./Cpl. J. M'Callum. 
S/13o88 Pte. A. E./Iorgan. 
Captai K. lIacrae. 
S/14241 Sgt. J. p. M'Gill. 
S/13241 Pte. W. Macitosll. 
Lieut.-Col. Norman MacLeod 
2nd Lieut. J. Mackenzie. 
Lieut. J. H. lIauchlin. 
Lieut. J. D. Ve. M'eracken. 
Captain A. Ogilvie. 
13866 Pte. J. Oliphant. 
S/16137 L.;epl. J. O'Rourke. 
Lieut. l. S. Robertson. 
Lieut.-ç2ol. Saadilands, I).S.O. 
Lieut. V. (I. S. Stuart. 
Lieut. J. A. Symom 
S/I562o Cpl. T. Torrance. 
S/I36O3 1 .Q.iXLS. T. F. XVatson. 
13264 R.Q.M.S.J. I . XV. Wilson. 

12] 7/I8 
r2] 7/18 
12] 7/18 
12/ 7/I8 

Belgian Croix de Guerre. 
•. S/16824 A./Sgt. R. Burton. 
.. R/387I l.S.hI. V. Vass. 
.. S/13264 R.Q.M.S.J. 1 . ,V. Wilsoa. 
• . 4861 C.S.I. v. Falcone'r 


AII)EISOl% I3. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/12/15, a/Captain 2I/IO/I6, 
transferred T.M.'s 5/2/I6, ked Aprfl, 1917. 
NDERSON, R. R. 2n Lieut., posted 8/2/5, Lieut. I8/IO/I5, 
England for course 27/6/16, menoned in Dispatches, 
ANDERSON, J. W. 2nd Lieut., posted 12/5/16, ked I7/8/I6. 
AUSN, P. 2nd Lieut., posted 2o]9/I 7 
AIEAD, J. Lieut. and Q.M., posted 24/2/t8. 
BARON, J. Capta, posted 28/9]I 4, Major 25/I]x 5. missing 
25/9/I5, prisoner died of wounds. 
BUCHANAN, J. P. Captain, posted 6/3/5, Adjurant, England 
sick 23/o/ 5. 
BLACK, W. 2nd Liettt., posted 5]2/I6, Lieut. 3o/7/I7, a/Captain 
2I]5]I7-2616]I 7, transferred R.P.C. 7/x2/I7, M.C. 
BAEMAN, A. C. CaptMn R.A.M.C., attached 29/t/I6, missing 
28/2]I8, kflled, M.C. 
Bow, D.M. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8/16, wounded 9/4/17. 
BRow, T. G. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8/I6, wounded 2/1/17. 
Bon, T. C. Lieut., posted 4/5/17, a]Capta 21/5117-6/7/17, 
wounded 6/7/i 7. died of wounds 2x/7/I7. 
BooEsS, J. T. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/6/17, England I7/IO/i 7. 
BEGBIE, T.A. 2nd Lieut., posted 7/6/x7, wounded 6/7/x7, rejoed 
7/7/I7, wounded I/8/I 7. 
BLACK, W. D. J. Captain Rev., posed 3/8/I7, Chaplain, ked 
BA, W. A. 2nd Lieut., poed 3o1917. 
BLé, . A. 2nd Lieut., posted zo/9/I 7. 
BL, A. Captain, posted I7/9/ 7, transIeed ndon Scottish 
S, A. znd Lieut., posted zg/Io/I 7. 
CERo, . E. 2nd Lieut., posted 1214114, Lieut. IIIIl/I 4, 
Capta 2o// 5, missg, 25/9/5, psoner. 
CRo, F, B. 2nd Lieut., posted 
wods 19/8116. 
Ro, . 2nd Lieut., posted 8/9/I6, Lieut. /7/7, Egland 
sick II2/16, rejoed 9/8/17. 
CRo, R.H. 2nd Lieut., posted 9/5/7, wounded 25/5/I7. 
CRo, . P. . 2nd Lieut., posted 25/4/8. 
CHAPOn, A.R. 2nd Lieut., posted 9/II/I 4, Lieut. /4115, Captain 
and Adjurant //i6, transfeed Staff Captain /5/17, 
CHMA, S. H. 2nd Lieut., posted 91111I 4, missg 2519115, 
61 L 



12OWAN, J. C. Lieut. and Qr. Master, posted 9/9/I5, 12aptaia 
17/3/16, Acting Adjurant 23/lO/15, attached I5th Division 
H.Q. 2o/3/16. 
12XrNACH, J. 12. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/I2/I5, wounded io]2/i6. 
12UrINGHAM. 12aptain, posted IO/2/I5, Major I8/IO/I5, 2nd in 
12ommand 1/4/16, a/O.12. Battalion i3/4/16-i3/5/I6, wounded 
I8/7/I6, D.S.O. 
12umI, A.A. 2nd Lieut., posted 6/4/i6, Lieut. 18]I/I 7, Assistant 
Adjurant transferred Divisional School I8/I/I7. 
COVENRre, C. J. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8/I6, wounded 9/4/I7. 
CaICHON, D. E. M. 1ri. Lt. 12olonel, attached 31/I2/I6, O.C. 
i8/i/i 7, reliaxquished sick 6/5/17. 
12mSHOLM, R. 2nd Lieut., posted I4/2/i 7, transierred Base 
24/5/I 7. 
12ooPEa, A. XV. H. 2nd Lieut., posted 415/17, wounded 1/8117. 
Cou'rEre, 12. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/5/17, wounded 22/8/17. 
CRAM, P. M'F. 12apta, posted 9/8117, a/Major and 2nd  Com- 
mand 1418117, Major 14/9/17, mentioned. 
CmSOLM, A. 2nd Lieut., posted I4/9/r7, killed 17/Io/17. 
12OULSON, B. J. B. Major, posted 8/11/I7, transferred ITth Welsh 
Regiment 8/12/I7. 
12aAN, I. P. 2nd Lieut., posted 25/4/18. 
Dvre, G. A. 12. 12aptain, posted 4/2/I5, wounded 2719/15, rejoed 
23/2/16, England sick 31/3/16, rejoed 22/9/I6, wounded 
Dmw, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 616/6, shell shock 819/6. 
Dxvm, G. L. B. 2nd Lieut., posted 9/18/t6, wotmded 911o/16, 
DI2qWIDDIE, IR.. I[. Lieut., posted 29/9/16, transferred B.W. 
DuI, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/Ii/16, wounded IO/I]I 7. 
DENHOLM, T.S. 2nd Lieut., posted 1412117, En#and sick 1614116, 
rejoined 6/1]I8, killed 28/3118. 
DEANS, I-I. D. 2nd Lieut., posted 416117, wounded 1311117. 
DICKSON, K.M. 12aptain Kev., posted 1516/17, 12haplaJax, England 
sick 7]9]17. 
DRVOD, P. 2nd Lieut., D.12.M., posted 511118, missiaxg 2818118, 
DON,LD, J.A. Missg 2813118, prisoner, wounded. 
ELLIO, J. A.S. 2nd Lieut., posted 416117, wounded 2817117, died 
of wounds. 
EASWOOD, A.J. 2nd Lieut., posted 711o]17, England sick 26/t/I7. 
EDtlS'rON, K.H. 2nd Lieut., posted 25/4118. 
FAIRLIE, A. 2nd Lieut., posted 5]o] 5. off strength 2912116. 
FORBES, D. 2nd Lieut., posted 511o]15, wounded 19/II/I5. 
FINDL*, J. 2nd Lieut., posted I2]I2]I5, Lieut. I8/8/I6, a/12aptain 
1818116-15/11116 and 414[7-2314]i7, Captai 2I]5[I7, 
hospital I5/3/i6, rejoiaxed I6/9/16, wounded 24/4/I7, re- 
joed I6/4/18, M.C. 
FmS, A. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/4/i6 , wotmded 28/7/17. 


IORRESrER, ]. W. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8/I6, wounded 9/4/17. 
FRASER, J. Captain, posted 3o/9/17, tngland sick 1/4/18. 
FIIDLAY, T.N. 2nd Lieut., posted I6/O/I7, killed 28/3/18. 
GRAM, W. 2nd Lieut., posted 22/9/i4, Lieut. 26/9/I5, hospital 
sick 11/3/I6. 
GouI)I., H. B. 2nd Lieut., posted 2414116, killed I7/8/i6, N.C. 
GItAItAM, J.W. 2nd Lieur, posted IO1I/i7, a/Capt. 619/I7.24/9]i 7, 
tngland duty 3/3/I8, M.C. 
GIBB, t. J.G. 2nd Lieut., posted 1215/17, a/Captain 2517/i 7- 
4/2/I8, Lewis Gun Officer and a/Adjurant, wounded 2813/17, 
GIDDEI% T. 2nd Lieut., posted 7/6117, wounded 1213/18. 
GRIEVE, W. F. 2nd Lieut., posted 2o]9117, missing 2813/i8, 
GEMMELL, 8. 8. 2nd Lieut., posted 2o]9]I7, killed 2113118. 
GREIG, G.S. 2nd Lieut., posted 14/9/17. 
GRIEVE, C. C. Major, posted i8/I/i8, England sick 3o/3/18. 
I-IAIG, I). J. Lt. Colonel Commanding 8/io]i 4, relinquished 2214115. 
ItAMILTON, L. 1. I)OUGLAS. Captain, posted I8/1115, wounded 
27/9/i 5, rejoined i2/5/i6, transferred 2oth Lanc. 7/7/I6, 
ItAIDMAN, H. B. 2nd Lieut., posted 2819115, Lieut. i6]I2/I 5, 
a/Adjurant 2i/3/I6, killed 17/8/16. 
tIosIN, 1. D. 2nd Lieut., posted ii/8]i6, wotmded Ii/Io/i6, 
rejoined 3o]9/I7, missing i7]io/i7, killed. 
ttAMILrON, R. C. Lieut., posted 2414/18. 
HOGG, J., M.1V£. 2nd Lieut.. posted 28/4/I8. 
IRVlNE, A. Lieut., posted 3/1I]16, a/Capt. 4]Ii]I6-23/II]I6, 
T/Major and 2nd in command 2515/i 7, wounded I3/8]i 7. 
JouNsroNE, H.B. Lieut., posted 5/ii]i 4, Captain 1/5/15, England 
sick 261ii/i 5, re]oined 1814116, wounded I7/8/I6. 
JAIDIIŒE, R. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8/16, wounded 1119116, re- 
joined , wotmded 22/8117, 
JEIItIS, J. L. C. 2nd Lieut., posted 3o/8/i6, a/Capt. 2o/7/i 7- 
22/8]i 7. wounded 22/8/17, rejoined 9/5/i7, I[.C. 
JENKINS, P. C. 2nd Lieut., posted 4111116, killed 914117. 
KIRKI,AND, W. H. Lieut., posted 2819/I 4, Captain 3111o]14, 
missing 25]9/i5, assumed killed. 
KAY, W. L. MUIR. 2nd Lieut., posted I2/Ii/i6, wounded I7/5/I7, 
KILO, A. end Lieut., posted 25]4/I8. 
LIJISDEI% G. J.S. 2nd Lieut., posted 12/3/16, Signalling Officer 
Lieut. 15/3/16, Captain and Adjurant i6/4/I 7, ]ngand 
course 15/5/18 , mentioned and M.C. 
LISTEIL W. D. Lieut. and Q.M., posted 417]I6, transferred 5th 
Army 1419117. 
LuEN, G. A. 2nd Lieut., posted 711o]15, Wolmded 1718116, re- 
oined 25/5/18. 
L&mERr, G. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8116, killed 23/4117. 


LEGATI, A. I). S. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/8/16, a/Capt. 27/6/18. 
I5/8/I8, Assistant and Act. Adjurant En#and, course 
3I/1/18, rejoined 25/5/18. 
LAMorr, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/5117, wounded 2/8/I7. 
MURClqlESON, M. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/IO/15, Lieut. 25/II/15, 
Captain 1/3/17, wounclecl I7/8/I6. 
lXIIDDLETON, J.R. 2nd Lieut., posted 18/12/15. transferred R. P. C. 
ItAUCnLIN. 2nd Lieut., posted 1713]I6, Transport Oticer Lieut. 
1/2/16, Captain , vounded i I/7/16, rejoined IO/I2/i6, 
rnentioned and M.C. 
/IARIr¢. 1VOrtAN. 2nd Lieut., D.$.O., posted 6/5/16, transferred 
tst Camerons /6/16, killed. 
lXlAlSrl, C. H. lX{ajor, D.S.O., posted O.C. 13/5/16, a/Lt. Colonel 
13/5/I6, struck off strength 7/i/i 7. 
MOll% 13. 2nd Lieut., M.C., posted 24/6/I6, wounded 17/8/i6, 
rejoined 1/4/17, wounded 14/4/17. 
MILL, W. 2nd Lieut., posted 26/6/16, wounded I7]8/I6. 
MAIrlI% D. Captain Rev., posted 24/7/16, England I4/6/I 7. 
lXIORTOl% G. R. 2nd Lieut., posted 719116, wounded 13/lO/16, 
kilIed 9/4/i7, M.C. 
MOllISOl% D. 2nd Lieut., posted 29/9/I6, England I8/ii/i6. 
MATIIIESON, J. Lieut., posted 22/2/I 7, England sick, 4/5/I7. 
/ILNE, D. T. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/5/17,' Lieut. I[7/I7, a/Capt. 
31/8/17, missing 28/3/18 (prisoner). 
MoRAN, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 12/5/17, wounded I/8/I 7. 
MUIEAD, W. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/5/17, killed 28/3/18. 
MILLAI% J. 2nd Lieut., posted 7/6/I7, wounded 1/81I 7, 
MUA¥, lZ. M. 2nd Lieut., posted 3o]9/I7, England sick 3/11/17. 
MITCrlELL, lZ. C. 2ncl Lieut., posted 2o/9/I 7, afterwards killed. 
M'BErn, F. I-L 2nd Lieut., posted 25/4/18. 
M'BEAr¢, I-I. Captain, posted 1/11/16, England sick 514117. 
bIACIAE, K. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/IO/I4, Lieut. 116/I5, Captain 
18/IO/I6, wounded 9/9/15, re.oined 23/2/I6, England sick 
lO/8/16, mentioned. 
M'CIACKE, J. D.W. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/4/16, Lieut. I/7/I7, 
a/Capt. 2/6/17-1o/8/I 7 and 15/2/i8-7/4/18, wounded 
24/12/16, rejoined 19/5/17, wounded 6/4/8, mentioned and 
I'CrdLLOCI, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 9/9]I6, a/Capt. 2i/5/I7, Lewis 
Gun Officer, killed 22/8/17. 
M'Cvlsa, A. 2nd Lieut., posted 2919/I6, mising 24]I2/I6, prisoner. 
1WCALL, E.B. 2nd Lieut., posted 12/11/16, England 14/I]I7. 
1WCIOSIE, 1. A. M. 2nd Lieut., posted 2414/16, Lieut. 1/7/17, 
England sick 13/lO/16, reoined 19/9/17, transferred Bde 
Bombing Officer. 
M'DOOELL, K. C.B. 2nd Lieut., posted 17/lO/14, Lieut. 21/lO/I4, 
Intelligence Officer wounded 9/9/15, rejoined 12/3/I6, sick 
25/5/i6, rejoined 7/6/i6, England lZ.A.F.C. 23/7/16 


M'DONALD, S. 2nd Lieut., posted Io/3/x5, killed 25/9/x5. 
M'DONALD, D. 2nO Lieut., posted 5/Io/I5, En#and sick 8/2/i6. 
M'DONALD, J.K. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/I2/I5, En#and sick I9/6/I6. 
IV['DONALD, M. D. 2nd Lieut, posted 2o/3116, kflled 1817/16. 
M'DONALD, J. I. 2EEnd Lieut., posted I2/II/I6, wounded 22/8/17, 
M'I)ONALD, J.A. 2nd Lieut., posted 7/6/I 7, missing 2313/i8. 
M'DONALD, A. lZ. 2nd Lieut., posted I6/9117, wounded, missing 
2813/I8, M.C. 
M'FARL'¢E, F. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/IO/I5, Lieut. x6/12/x5, 
England sick 7/3/6. 
M'I-DEOR M. N. 2nd Lieut., posted 619/I 7, Signalling Officer, 
wounded 28/3/18. 
McIIrOSI, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 23/Io/ 7, England sick 5/3/18. 
M'KA¢, C. W.D. 2nd Lieut., posted 28/9/15, wounded and missing 
x7/8/16, death accepted x7/8/16. 
M'KEIZlX, J.K. 2nd Lieut., posted 12/12/I 5, Hospital sick 21/i/x6, 
duty 28/2/x6, transierred draIt Conducting Officer 6/4/16. 
MACKA¢, J. W. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/4/16, Lieut. 21/5/17, 
wounded 5/8/16, rejoined 19/5/17, wounded /8/7, died 
of wounds 2o/8/I 7. 
MACKA¢, M.S. 2nd Lieut., posted 2314/6, killed 23/4/17. 
MACKEIZlE, J. 2nd Lieut., posted / /17. mentioned 21/12/i 7. 
MACKEIZlE, N.B. Major, posted 14//7. 
MACLEO, NoYAu. Major, posted 11/2/I 5, 2nd in Command, 
appoted Camp Coandant 8/8/15. 
MACLEOD, No. Capt, posted 5/o/14, Major 114/6, and 
2nd  Cod I/7/16, a/Lt. Colonel O.C. Batton 2i/5/17, 
Lt Colonel 12/9/17, woded 27/9/ 5, rejoed 6/5/16, 
mentioned {twice) D.S.O. 
MAcLEo, N. 2nd Lieut., posted 3o/9/I 7, Engld dck 23/3/18. 
MAcLEo, L. 2nd Lieut., posted 3o/9/17, wounded ssg 28/3/8, 
M'LEAY, G. C. 2nd Lieut., posted 26/6/16, woded 18/7/16, 
rejoed 22/7/6, ked 17/8/16. 
M'LEA, W. T, 2nd Lieut., posted 24]8/16, tranerd 27th 
I.B.D. 14/7/x7- 
M'LE. M. N. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/1o/15, Lieut. 24/xI/I 5, 
woded 23/2/16. 
M'GHLm, . W. 2nd Lieut., posted 4/2/6, Engld 5/I/ 7. 
M'MRAY, J 2nd Lieur, posted 9/8/6, England 3/II/X6, re- 
joed 2o/9/I 7, woded 28/3/8, M.C. 
M', J. K. 2nd Lieut., posted Io/x/l 7, wounded 9/4/17. 
M'NN, A. 2nd Lieut., posted 513/5, woded 27/9/ 5, re- 
joed 24/3/16, woded 18/7/16, rejoed o/2/I 7, wounded 
24/4/7, died of wods I/5/x7- 
M'NAB, . S. 2nd Lieut., posted 22[5/7, a/Capt. 24/lO/17-I/11/17, 
mig 28/3/8, pfisoner. 


M'PIEISOl, D. t3. 2nd Lieut., posted 28]9/I 5, England sick 
I'PERsol, lZ. S.M. 2nd Lieut., posted 24[8]I6, England I719116. 
M'EwEr¢, J. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/IO]I5, England sick i7/5/16. 
M'SWEEN. 2nd Lieut., posted 5111115, England sick 715116. 
NOBLE, D. 2nd Lieut., posted 2219116, England 12112116. 
OGILVIE, ALLISTER. end Lieut., posted 9111114, Lieut. I]4115, 
Captain 3I]12115, Transport Officer wounded I718/16, 
ORR, ŒEItOMAS. 2nd Lieut., posted 2414116, Lieut. 2o]8116, a/Capt. 
II]IO]I6-3]II]I6, Captain 2115117, wounded 1817116, duty 
2517116, wounded 2611117, reioined 718/i7, England sick 
2818117, rejoined 614118, M.C. 
PARSON, H.C. Lieut., posted 2o]9/I5, killed 24111115. 
PtllZDr¢, R. 13. 2nd Lieut., posted 2316116, Lieut. 117117, a]Capt. 
15111117-216118, wounded i7/8/I6, rejoined I915117, wounded 
PARK, J. /. 2nd Lieut., posted 2412117, England sick i516]i8. 
POLLOCK, lZ. S. ). 2nd Lieut., posted I215117, Lieut. 2613118, 
a]Capt. 1214118-1216118. 
PINrlCE, P. 1 . end Lieut., posted 3o]9117. 
PARKR, H.L. 2nd Lieut., posted 2o]9117, England sick 2212/18. 
PRovEI% R.A. Lieut., posted 1111117, transferred M. G. C. i8/I]i8. 
RABAN, lZ. B.C. aptain, posted 18/I1115. Major 2nd in ommand 
18111115, posted I3th Royal Scots 114116, afterwards killed. 
IOWELL, I-I, A. Lieur, lZ.A.M.C., attached 119115 fo 2811116. 
ROLLO, A. 2nd Lieut., posted I7]io]z 4, aptain 2619115, posted 
Staff Captain 1214116. 
ROBERTSON, J. S. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/1115, Lieut. 26]9]I5, 
killed 2115116, Mentioned. 
ROBERZSOI% P. H. Lieut. R.A.M.C., posted ] ]15, attached 461h 
1 . Ambulance I/9/15. 
I.USSELL, S. (2. 2nd Lieut., posted 615116, wotmded 914117. 
IUSSELL, A. aptain lZev, posted ] ]I 5. «ttached 
Division 2517116. 
IOIALDSON, J.S. 2nd Lieut., posted I4/2]I 7, kilIed 914/17- 
lZoss, A.M. 2ad Lieut., posted 415117, Eaglaad sick 9]II/I 7. 
RE1WN-IE, H. R. 2ad Lieut., posted 711o]I7, prisoner 2813118. 
lZOBERSON. Lieut. /Z.A.M.C. attached / ]15, transferred 461h 
F.A. 119115. 
Sroar, W. G. S. end Lieut., posted 22/9/14, Lieut. 1/4/I5, 
Captain 26/9/I6, wounded 9/9/15, rejoined 13/9/15, killed 
23/4117, Mentioned, M.. 
Slxa, /Z. A. end Lieut., posted 2219/14, killed 2519115. 
SIAI, 13. A. 2nd Lieut., posted 3/lO/14, wounded 27/9/15, 
afterwards killed. 
Sorm, ]9. P. end Lieut., posted 4/11114, Lieut. I,L G. Officer, 
Hospital sick Iz/IO/I5, rejoined 3/3/I6, England sick 24/4/I6, 
rejoined 24/8/16, wounded zo/3/i 7. 



SANDILANDS, J. V. Lt. Colonel, D.S.O., posted O.C. Battalion 
22]4]15, appointed Brigadier-General 13/4/16, Mentioned, 
ScoTT, C. lZ. G. 2nd Lieut., posted 26/6/16, wounded I7/8/i6, 
rejoined I9/5/I7, wonnded 22/8/I 7, rejoined 25/5/18. 
S.rLE, lZ. V. ]3. 2nd Lieut., posted 29/8/I6, killed 9/4/17, M.C. 
SIM, N. S. 2nd Lieut., posted 7/9/16, a/Capt. 25/4/17-18/5/17, 
Intelligence Officer ]England Duty lO/iO/i7, rejoined 25/4/i8, 
wounded 4/6/18, M.C. 
SYMON, J.A. 2nd Lieut., posted 22/9/I6, Lieut., 1/3/I7, a/Capt. 
I2/7/I7-I/8/I 7, wounded 27/I/i 7, rejoined 4/5/i 7, wounded 
I/8/I7, Mentioned, D.S.O. 
SCOTT, D. Captain, lZev., posted 28/9/17, Chaplain. 
STEELE, J. lZ. 2nd Lieut., posted 26/8/i6, shell shock II/IO/I6. 
SM¢TH R. 2nd Lieut., posted 711o]17, missing 2813118. 
SHAW, S. M'D. Lieut., posted 2o/4]I8. 
STEWART, D. Lieut., posted 2514118. 
SINCLAIR, J. A. Lieut., posted 1912117, ]En#and sick 2314/17 
SmTH, J FRASER. 2nd Lieut., posted I412]I 7, killed 914117. 
SINCLAIR, I.A. 2nd Lieut., posted 2514]I8. 
SABISTON, J.A. 2nd Lieut., killed 2218117. 
S;ITH, R. 2nd Lieut., posted 411o]17, prisoner 2813118. 
TAYLOR, lE. G. 2nd Lieut., posted 5/i]I5, killed 25/9]I5. 
TIMI, INE, G.B. 2nd Lieut., posted I4/IO/I 5, ]England shell shock, 
TAYLOR, D. 2nd Lieut., posted 9/5]I5, missing i7/7/16, prisoner 
died of wounds 119116. 
TOMSON, J. 2nd Lieut., posted lO]1117, England sick 3112117. 
TELFORD, T.G. 2nd Lieut., posted 415117, Lieut., 2614118, England 
sick 29/4/18. 
WATT, ]3. H. 2nd Lieut., posted 15/3/15, kilIed 25/9/15. 
WAI, LAœEE, C. D. K. 2nd Lieut., posted 25/IO/I5, Hospital sick 
WELSH, C.G. 2nd Lieut., posted 24/I/I6. killed 29/4]i6. 
WATT, T. D.G. 2nd Lieut., posted 2418116, wounded 3/4/I7. 
WALLACE, A. R. 2nd Lieut., posted 22/9/16, England 23112116. 
WALKER, H. P. W. 2nd Lieut., posted IO/I/I 7, killed 23/4/I7. 
WmTE, D. M'L. 13. 2nd Lieut., posted lO]1/17, England, wounded 
WIS_RT, D. Lieut., posted 2.5/4/18. 
WEDDERSPOO, O. Lieut., posted 2.5/4/18, wounded 1/6,'18. 
WILSO, . J. lZ. 2nd Lieut., posted 2.5/4118. 
YouNg, . 2nd Liet., posted 4/8/17, killed 22/8/17. 

July 4--Parkhouse Camp 
July 8-- do. do. 

july 9Boulogne 
July io--Houlle 
July I2-- do. 
July is--Hazelbrouck . 
July i6--Gonnehem 
July 17- do 

July 18--I-Iouchin 

July Ig--Les Brebis 
July 2o do. 
July 22 do. 
Jnly 4--Houchîn 
July 28-- do. 


Received orders to embark for 
Advance party embarked on s.s. 
Inventor for Havre via South- 
Battalion embarked st ILSO p.m. 
on s.s. A'udal for Boulogne via 
Disembarked and proceeded to 
test camp. Marched to Pont 
des Briques. 
Joined by advance party and 
proceeded to Watten by train. 
9-45 s.m. Billets st Houlle. 
Inspected by Fidd Marshal Sir 
John French. 
Marched ai 6.3 o a.m. to Hazel- 
brouck, arrived 4.30 p.m. I9 
Marched at 8 p.nL to Gonnehem 
via St. Venant and Busnes, arriv- 
ing at 3.30 p.m. 
Marched at 8 p.m. to I-Iouchin, 
via Chocques, Le Perlecques, and 
Vaudricourt, arriving i2.i 5 a.m. 
Marched af 9 p.m. fo Les Brebis 
via Mazingarbe, arrived I2 mid- 
night less sick and details. 
ported fo C.R.]. Indian Cavalry 
Found work party (3oo from 
and D Coys.). 
Found work parties from 
C and D Coys. 
First casualty I4176 Pte. Vo 
Telfer (wounded). 
Marched at 9 p.m. from Les 
A and B Coys. proceeded fo 
trenches ïor two days' tour under 
x42 Brigade. 

July 3 °- do. 
Aug. 2--Sector W. I. 

Aug. 68outh Maroc 
Aug. I o--Mazingarbe 
Aug I8--Sector X2. 
Aug. 26--Mazingarbe 
Aug. 3o--Noeux les Mines 
Sept. 7--Trenches 

Sept. io--- do. 
Sept. 12--Verquin 
Sept. I8-- do. 
Sept I9-- do. 

Sept 2I-- dO. 

Sept 25--Grenay Vermeilles 


A and B Coys. relieved by C and 
Z) Coys. 
A and B Coys and H.Q. joined 
C and D Coys. in Sector W.I., 
relieving 42 Brigade on the 
extreme right of the 13ritish lines : 
A Coy. right and 13 Coy. left, 
C support and D reserve. 13at- 
talion H.Q. South Maroc. 
Battalion relieved by 8th Sea- 
forths. Found working parties 
4o0 strong. 
lZelieved by 8th K.O.S.B.'s 46 
Brigade. A and B machine guns 
left in Keeps. Found work parties. 
lZelieved by 7th lZ.S.F, and we 
relieved 6th Camerons in Sector 
lZelieved in trenches by Ioth 
Gordons taking over area C from 
9th 131ack Watch. 
lZelieved ilth A. and S. I-I. in 
billets, linding working parties 
Marched at 5 p.m. fo Mazingarbe. 
Relieved 7th R.S.P., takingover 
trenches in Sector XI from Sap 
18 fo 8C exclusive. 
Casualties in Sap 18-- 5 killed 
2 wounded. 
Relieved by I3th Royal Scots. 
Marched to billets at Verquin. 
Out pipers played out 4th Bat- 
talion through Verquin. 
Pipe Band played retreat in 
Square at Bethune. First pipers 
to do so ; loudly cheered by crowd. 
8 p.m. moved to Vermelles-Grenay 
branch line of trenches. Bom- 
bardment of enemy's trenches 
began that morning. 
Moved off at 4-45 a.m. to the 
attack. Marched to Quality 
Street; entered trench southern up. 
I-Iead of Battalion tmmed down 
trench 21 and ]oined 9th 131ack 
Watch. Gas turned on at 5.5 o 
a.m. for 4 ° minutes. Assault 
delivered at 6.3o a.m. by 9th 
131ack Watch with the Lens lZoad 


Sept' 6 nLoos Battle 

Sept. 7--Mazingarbe 
Sept. 28nHouchin , 
Oct. 3--Lillers . . . 
Oct. I2--Noeux les Mines . 
Oct. 26Trenches Right Sec. 

Oct. 29-- do. O.G. Line 
Nov. -- do. Right Sec. 
Nov. 3 do. do. 


on right, and the 8th Seaforths 
on the left. The 7th Camerons 
followed in support, the oth 
Gordons being in reserve. Lieut.- 
Col. Sandilands, D.S.O. com- 
manded on I-Iill 70 from o a.m. 
to II p.m., when relieved by Lieut. 
Col. Maclean, Royal Scots. At 
8 p.m.G.O.C 46 Brigade arrived 
in Loos. It was decided that 45 
Brigade should hold I-Iill 7 ° and 
that what was left of the Camerons 
should withdraw. At  p.m. 
Lieur -Col Sandilands with 6 
officers and 75 men marched 
back through Loos to La Philo- 
sophe. The losses for the day 
were :--4 oflïcers killed ; 6 oflïcers 
wounded ; 4 oflïcers missing ; 
64 men killed ; 253 wounded ; 
27 missing; total, I4 officers, 
534 men. 
Ordered to hold first line of old 
British trench. Met large num- 
bers of men of the 2zst Division 
retiring from Loos. At i p.m. 
ordered to hold support line of 
old German trench. The 7th 
Camerons dug themselves in on 
reverse of parapet owing to gas 
rendering the trench untenable. 
Ordered to withdraw fo Mazin- 
garbe ai 1.3o a.m. 
At 9.3 ° a.m. marched fo billets 
ai Houchin. 
Marched to Lillers. Billets. 
Left Lillers, entrained 5.3 o p.m. 
for Noeux les Mis. 
LeftNoeux les Mines at 12.4o 
p.m. for trenches. Took over 
line irom 6th Camerons. 
Relieved by 8th Seaforths, going 
back into old German trenches. 
Relieved 8th Seaforths in front 
z men killed and 9 wounded 
(B Coy). Trench infiladed by 
heavy guns from Hulluch direc- 
tion. Trench considerably 

Nov. 4-- do. O.G. Line 

Nov. 5-- do. do. 
Nov. 7Noeux les Mines 

Nov. x3--Sector D.I. . 

Nov. x6-- do. . 

Nov. 9--Noyetteoe . 
lov. 22Trenche$ . 


4--Noeux les Mines. 
26--Sailly la Bourse . 
x--Sector Cx 

Dec. 4Noyelle. . 
Dec. 7--Trenches 

Dec x x--Philosophe 
D¢c x 4--Allouagne 

Jan. 5Allouagn 


x man killed and 3 wounded. 
Relieved by 8th Seaforths : occu- 
pied old German trench. 
Found work parties (burying 
Relieved by 8th K.O.S.B.'s and 
marched to Noeux les Mines 
Relieved I3th Royal Scots in 
support B Coy O.B. Support 
line A and B Coys. billets Ver- 
meilles, D Coy. Philosophe. 
Relieved 8th Seaforths in front 
line, D Coy. leit, A Coy. right, 
C Coy. support, B Coy. reserve. 
Relieved by 8th eaforths, went 
into reserve. 
Relieved 8th Seaforths in trenches. 
C Coy. lett, B Coy. right, A Coy. 
support, D Coy. reserve. 
Kelieved by x3th Royal Scots. 
Marched to billets. 
Marched to billets. 
Relieved xst A. and S. H. in 
trenches in front line, Devon Lane 
to Goeben Alley. A Coy. right, 
B Coy. left, C Coy. support, D 
Coy. reserve. 
Brigade Reserve relieved by 8th 
Relieved 8th Seaforths in trenches 
O.G.x and O.B.5. 13 Coy. right, 
C Coy. left, B support, A Coy. 
Relieved by 8th Seaforths. B, 
C and 13 Coy. billets in philosophe. 
A Coy. O.B. 5. 
4st Brigade relieved 44th, Bat- 
talion relieved by xgth County 
of London Battalion. Marched 
fo Noeux les Mines° entraining for 
Lillers, thence marching to 


Divisional exercise. Left Allouagne 
at 8 a.m., via Burbure, Ecque- 
decque, Lieres, Auchy, arriving 
Rely at 3-45 p.m. 



Jan 6--Rely 

Jan. 7--Allouagne 

Jan. I4--Trenche Loos 

J an, I 5--Trenches Loos Hill 
7 ° fo Section I4B. 

Jan. t6--- do. do. 

jan. 17- do. do. 

J au. 18-- flo. do. 
J an. 20-- do. do. 
Jan. 23-- do. do. 

Battalion marching from 7-3o 
a.m., via Cumem Bomy fo Coy- 
ecque," returning lZely af 6 p.m. 
Left lZely af I a.m., arriving af 
Allouagne af 12.15 p.m., via 
Billet-y, I-Iurionville and Burbure. 
Left Allouagne 8.I5 a.m. for I,oos. 
Marched fo Lillers, eutrained to 
lloeux les Mines, marched fo Loos 
via Philosophe. lZelieved 2ud 
K.R.R. I-I.Q. in the Trait de 
l'Union, A Coy. Gun Alley and 
Reserve Treuch, B and D Coys. 
Guu Alley and C Coy. Lens Road 
Redoubt, 65 Metre Point and 
1lorthern Sap Redoubt. 
At 6 p.m. A, B and D Coys., less 
2 platoous, took over firhag line 
betweeu Boyau des Anglais and 
Loos-Laureut Road. B Coy. re- 
lieved 8th Seaforths on left. D 
Coy. (2 platoous) in centre and A 
Coy. on right re]ieved the 15th 
Loudou Regiment. I-I.Q. in 
eellars in Loos with 2 platoons 
of D Coy. C Coy. moved from 
Redoubt in toth Avenue fo Gun 
Two platoons of C Coy. relieved 
two platoons of the 8th Seaforths. 
A Coy. 6th Royal Irish attached 
for instruction. 
B Coy. fo Gun Alley; front line 
held by two companies only ; the 
two platoons of D Coy. (in cellars) 
now proceeding fo firing line. 
C Coy. relieved A Coy. 
B Coy. relieved D Coy. 
Battalion relieved by 8th Sea- 
forths going into reserve Ioth 
Avenue. H.Q. Pont Street. 
Battaliou area from Yeudin Alley 
fo Chalk Pif Alley. B Coy. ou 
left, theu C, I3 less oue platoon, 
A Coy. less 2 platoons. One 
platoon of D Coy. in Northern 
Sap Redoubt. One platoon A 65 
Metre Point Redoubt and one 
Lens Road lZedoubt. 



]an. 26---Philosophe 
Jan. 27Noeux les Mines . 

Jan. 29 do. do. 

Feb. I--I-Iulluch Section 

Feb. 4--Philosophe 
Feb. 7--Hulluch Section 

Feb, IO-- do. do. 

Feb. I3--Noeux les Mines 

Feb. I6-- do. do. 
Feb. i9--i 4 B. 15 Section 

Feb. 25 do. do. 

leb. 26--14 B. 15 Section 

Feb. 28-- doo do 

Mar. 2--Mazingarbe 

Mar. 8--Hulluch Section 

Kelieved by 4th Suftolks. Pro. 
ceeded to Philosophe. 
Left Philosophe af 9. I. a.m. 
Billets taken over from 8th 
Finding large working party of 
659 men. Stood fo from 5.3 o fo 
9 p.m. Reserve M.G. moved fo 
Marched from Noeux les Mines 
af 2.3o p.m. and relieved iith 
A. and S. H. (of 45th Infantry 
Brigade) in left sub section 
Relieved in evening by Ioth 
Gordons and moved into Brigade 
reserve af Philosophe. 
Relieved xoth Gordons in left 
sub section. B and C Coys. front 
line, A support, D reserve. 
lZelieved by Ioth Gordons and 
relieved 9th Black XVatch in Ioth 
Avenue as Bde. support. 
lZelieved by 8th K.OS.B.'s of 
46th Brigade ; marched fo Noeux 
les Mines. 
Finding working parties, IO otïicers 
500 men. 
Relieved 6th Camerons in left sub 
section of 14 B. 15 Section from 
Vendin Alley fo Possen Alley. 
A and D Coys. firing line, C 
support, B reserve. 
Kelieved by 9th Black Watch, 
moved into Brigade support Ioth 
Avenue, A Coy in Gun trench. 
One officer and 59 men proceeded 
fo form part of permanent working 
party on right sub section, 
Relieved 8th Seaforths in right 
sub section. A and B Coys. 
firing line, C support, D reserve. 
Kelieved by I2th H.L.I., marched 
fo billets af Mazingarbe. Found 
working party of I5 ° men. 
Relieved 7th lZ.S.F, in left sub 
section of Hulluch Section, leaving 
Mazingarbe at 8.3o a.m. C and 
D Coys. firing line, B Coy. support, 
A Coy. reserve. 


Mat. ii-- do. do. 
Mat. 12-- do. do. 
Ma. 13-- do. do. 
Mat. I4--Philosophe 

Mat. I7--Hulluch Section . 

Mat. 2o---Noeux les Mines 
MaL 22-- do. do. 
Mat. 23-- do. do. 
Mat. 25--Allouagne 

Mar. 28-- do. 

April I--Allouagne . 
April 7--Pervin Palfart 

April 8-- do. do. 

April 9--Allouagne 
April o-- do. 
April Io-- do. 

April 21-- do. 
April 25--Annequin 

A Coy. changed with D. 
C Coys. line blown in, in I I places. 
Support line blown in, in 4 places. 
Relieved by 3 Coys. Ioth Gordons 
and I Coy. Inniskilling Fusiliers. 
Proceeded into Brigade reserve. 
In billets. Day working parties 
of 2o 5 men supplied. 
]3attalion (less D Coy.) relieved 
8th Inniskilling Fusiliers, going 
into ]3rigade support in Ioth 
Avenue. D Coy. in reserve line 
centre sub-section under O.C. 
cornmanding 8th Seaforths. All 
available men on working parties, 
Relievedby i2th H.L.I. Marched 
to Noeux les Mines. 
Night working parties of 6 otïicers 
and 3oo men supplied. 
]3 Cor. proceeded to La ]3uissiere 
to do duty at Ist Corps H.Q. 
Railed to Lillers and marched to 
Allouagne. Transport moved by 
Ceremonial parade at Lillers at 
3 p.m. G.O.C. ISt Army distri- 
buted medals. ]3rigade marched 
past in column of route. 
Divisional exercise. ]3attalion 
left 7 a.m., billeted 2 p.m. 
Marched via Lozinghem, Auchel, 
Cauchy-a-la-Tour, Perfay ]3ellory, 
Auchy-au-]3ois to Fervin Palfart. 
Marched to ]Fnquin les Mines via 
Flechin and Cuhen, entraining to 
Marched back to billets. 
Smoke demonstration at ]3urbure. 
Lieut.-Col. J. XV. Sandilands, 
C.M.G., D.S.O., relinquished com- 
mand of ]3attalion on appointment 
to Io4th ]3rigade. 
G.O.C. (ISth Division) inspected 
12 noon A, C and D Coys. left 
Allouagne, marched to Lillers, 
entraining for Noeux les Mines. 
Marched from Noeux les Mines to 

17 6 


April 26--Trench, Left Sub- 
Section Quarry Sector 

April 27-- do. do. 

Aprfl 28-- do do. 
April 3omloyelles and Ver- 

May 4--Ieft Sub-Section 
Quarry Section 

May 5 w do. do. 
May 6-- do. do. 
May 8 do. do. 

reserve billets at Annequin. B 
Coy. rejoined Battalion. 
Relieved 7th Royal Sussex Regi- 
ment in Quarry Sector, front from 
Southern junction Swinbourne 
Loup and Brookwood Trench to 
Rifleman's Alley. A Coy. left, 
D Coy. centre, B Coy. dght 
finding their own supports, C Coy. 
reserve O.G.I. H.Q. in O.G.I at 
Pt. GI I.d,3.9. 
Shelling and Chlorine Gas. R.E. 
exploded mine right leg of Hairpin; 
bombers co-operated ; casualties, 
killed 6, wounded and shell shock 
Shelling and bombardment by 
Relieved by Ioth Gordons. Bat- 
talion in Brigade Reserve. A and 
C Coys. billets Vermeilles. H.Q. 
and B and D Coys. in billets 
Relieved oth Cordons in Left 
Sub-Section Quarry Section. Dis- 
position: A. Coy. left, C Coy. 
centre, B Coy. right finding their 
own supports, D Coy. reserve in 
O.G.I. Battalion H.Q. in O.G.I 
at Pt. G.II.d.3.9. front southern 
junction of Swinbourne Loup and 
Brookwood Trench fo lZifleman's 
Alley. At 5 p.m. enemy shelled 
O.G.I. At 7 p.m.R.E.'sexploded 
3 lnines at the Hairpin, our 
bombers advanced and occupied 
the lip of the crater. Enemy 
bombarded front lines untilmid- 
night. Casualties, 4 O.R. ldlled, 
28 wounded. 
Bombardment during afternoon. 
I O.R. killed, 3 wounded. 
Bombardment continued. 
From 5 to 5-45 a.m. Trench 
mortar batteries bombarded far 
lip of left Hairpin cratêr, but 
were unsuccesstul in destroying 
if. Af Io.3o a.m. relieved by the 
Ioth Gordons and moved into 
Brigade support. Disposition : 



May 9/I0-- do. do. 
May ii--Labourse • 

May 12-- do 

liay 13- do 

May 14- do, 

May 15--Noyelles • 

Iay 17- do. 
May I9--Left Sub-Section 
I-Iohenzollern Section 

C Coy. O.B I, left of Fosse Way, 
B Coy, O.B.I, right of FosseWay, 
I) Coy. O.B. 4 and O.B.5., A Coy. 
Cnrley Crescent. tt.Q. jnnction 
of Fosse Way and Curley Crescent. 
Fonnd working parties for iSoth 
Tnnnelling Coy. R.t., 253rd 
Ttmnelling Coy. R.E., and 73rd 
Field Coy. 
Found above working parties for 
Tnnnel!ing Coys. 
lZelieved by the 7th Batta|ion 
K.O.8.B.'s proceeding to billets 
Labonrse, arriving at 1.45 p.m. 
Received orders to stand fo 
(4.3 ° p.m.). 
Battalion standing to until 2.45 
p.m., when order to stand down 
was received. 
Vorking party of 4 oflqcers and 
200 O.1R. proceeded fo trenches. 
]lajor C. I. Marsh, D.S.O., 
assumed command of the Bat- 
Two Coys. ordered to proceed af 
once to the trenches nnder orders. 
46th Brigade. The other two Coys. 
and H.Q. fo proceed to Noyelles 
under order 46th Brigade, C and 
D occnpying Lancashire trench. 
tI Q. and A and B Coys. billets 
at Noyelles. At 6 p.m. orders 
from 46th Brigade that A Coy. 
occnpy part or Villiage line. B 
Coy. occnpy billets in Vermeilles, 
H.Q. in Lancashire trench. Orders 
execnted by 7.30 p.m. 
9 a.m. orders from 46th Brigade 
for A and B Coys. and H.Q. to 
return to billets in Noyelles. 
A and B Coys. relieved C and D 
Coys. Lancashire trencb. 
Battalion relieved i lth A. and 
S.H. Disposition : C Coy. right, 
D centre, A Coy. lett finding their 
own supports, with B Co. in 
reserve. Front from Boyau lO9 
(exclusive) to Mnd Alley G.4.a.8.8. 
(inclusive}. Four men wounded. 



May 20-- do. do. 

May 2 do. do. 

May 22 do. do. 

May 23-- do. do. 

May 24/26 do. do. 
May 27--Iight Sub-Section 
Hohenzollern Section 

May28-- do, do. 

Out saphead at G.4.a. 8½. 8½. 
blown in by enemy. Seven O.lZ. 
12.45 p.m. enemy sprung mine 
between craters 3 and 4, filling 
up out saps and comaecting treuch. 
The damage was repaired. 2, 
severe bombing fight took place. 
Casualtiœes : one officer killed. 
O.lZ., 5 killed 19 wotmded. 
Enemy driven back. 
Out engineers sprang mine in 
centre sub-section in front of 
junction of Poker Street and the 
tire trench. 
At 7.30 a.m. enemy completely 
surprisedus by springing another 
mineat point G.4.d. 6½. 5½. Sapsg. 
9A Argyle Sap I-Iogsback and part 
of Northampton trench filled with 
debris; relief postponed untfl we 
cleared trenches, etc. Relieved 
by 8th Seaforths, moving into 
Brigade support. Disposition : 
A Coy.--I platoon in Junction 
Keep, 3 platoons in Lancashire 
Trench; B Coy.--I platoon in 
Central Keep, 3 platoons in Rail- 
way Reserve Trench. C and D 
Coys. in Lancashixe Trench. tt.Q. 
at point G. 3.c. 8.2. Casualties: 
O.R. 3 killed, 46 wounded. 
]very avaflable man employed in 
working parties. 
Battalion relieved 9th Black 
Watch. Disposition : B Coy. 
right, A Coy. centre, D Coy. left 
finding their own supports, C 
Coy, reserve. Front extended 
from the junction of Sackville 
Street and Hulluch Alley on left 
to junction of Quarry Bay and 
Brookwood Treuch on right. 9 
p.m. our artillery dispesed enemy 
working party opposite lZabbit's 
Two intelligence reports stated 
enemy intemded to attack and to 
use gas. Kflled O.1. , wounded 



May 29-- do. do. 

May 30-- do. do. 

May 3-- do. do. 
Junc 4--Bethune 

June io-- do. . 
June I2--Brigade Support 

June I6--Right Sub-Section 
Hulluch Section 

June 22-- do. do. 

Similar reports received from air 
reconnaisance. Abnormal trans- 
port movement near Haines and 
5ooo enemy seen moving in the 
open. Artillery activity by out 
left and right groups. O.1% 
wounded 3- 
Enemy trench knocked in by out 
artillery. Enemy shelled Hulluch 
Alley and rifle grenaded lZabbit's 
Hole. Heavy trench mortar 
bomb fell on out mine shaft 
heads in front line, inflicting 
several casualties. Enemy 
showed two yellow flags with red 
St. Andrews Crosses over parapet 
at the Kink 
Heavy shelling by both sides. 
O.R.0 I killed, 9 wounded. 
Relieved by 7/8th K.O.S.B.'s. 
A Coy. proceeded to Gosnay. 
The remainder of the Battalion 
vere billeted at Bethune in the 
Tobacco Factory. O.lZ. I 
In billets. A Coy. rejoined Bat- 
Relieved 6/7th R.S.P. in Brigade 
support, Hulluch Sector. Dis- 
position : A Coy. Cufley Crescent, 
B Coy. 2 platoons O.B.I, 2 pla- 
toons O.B.5., C Coy. Tenth 
Avenue between Hay Alley and 
Hulluch Road. D Coy, 2 platoons 
Lone Tree Redoubt. H.Q. at 
Junction of Curley Crescent and 
Fosse Way. Four platoons K.O.R. 
Lancaster legiment attached for 
instruction. O.R. 2 wounded. 
lelieved 8th Seaforths. Disposi- 
tion: C Coy., left, two platoons. 
B centre, D Coy. right finding 
their own supports A Coy. and 
2 platoons of B in reserve trench 
between Wqngs Way and Vendin 
Alley. O.R. 2 killed, 2o wounded. 
Disposition changed to : B Coy. 
left, 2 platoons of ]ast Surrey 
Regiment in centre, A Coy. on 
the right finding their own sup- 



June 26-- do. do. 
June 8--Bethune 

July 6--Leit Sub-Section 
Hohenzollern Section 

July 7-- do. do. 

July 8-- do. do. 

July 9-- do. do. 

July Io-- do. do. . . 
July 12/13-- do. . . 
July I4--1Zight Sub-Section . 

July x5-- do. do. 

port. I-Ialf Coy. I3th tast Surrey 
Regiment and C and D Coys. in 
reserve trench. Surreys in for 
instruction. O.R. z killed, 19 
Coy. of East Surrey Regiment 
left trenches. 
Af ter discharge of gas four patrols 
of 39 men attempted to raid 
enemy's trenches. 3 patrols held 
up owing fo uncut wire. Fourth 
patrol bombed the German Iront 
line and returned, leaving one 
man killed. Battalion was re- 
lieved by xoth/Ilth Scottish 
Rifles. In billets. A and C Coys. 
Orphanag.e, Bethune, 13 and 13 
Coys. tu Verquinal. H.Q. 
Bethune. Casualties : killed 9, 
wounded 19. 
lZelieved 6/Tth lZ.S.F. Disposi- 
tion : D Coy. lelt, C Coy. centre, 
A Coy. right fmding their own 
supports, ]3 Coy. reserve. 
]Enemy shelled junction of lud 
Alley and Sticky Trench, and 
Northampton Trench, doing con- 
siderable damage. O.lZ. 3 
/ud Alley and Quarry shelled 
with H.E. Four enemy seen in 
crater wearing khaki caps our 
pattern. O.lZ. 3 wotmded 
More shelling on both sides. 
Enemy exploded mine. O.R. 4 
lZelieved by 8th Seaforths. Bat- 
talion in support. O.R. 4 
Found working parties. Oflcer 
I, O.R. 2 wounded. 
Relieved 9th Black Watch. Dis- 
position: B Coy. left, D Coy. 
centre, C Coy. right fmding their 
own supports, A Coy. reserve. 
O.lZ. I wounded, 
Af 7.4 ° a.m. enemy exploded 
small mine near Sap 98 A. No 
damage doue. O.lZ. 2 wounded. 


July 16-- do. do. 

July I7--Right Sub-Section 
Hohenzollern Section 

July x8-- do. do. 

July 19-- do. do. 

July 23--Dieval 
July 26--Gouy-en-Ternois 

From 1.3o p m. to 4.3 ° p.m. out 
artillery bombarded enemy's wire 
and trenches. From 9 to 9.30 
enemy retaliated on Crown and 
Border trenches, doing consider- 
able damage. Casualties : 4 
killed, ii wounded. At 4 a.m. 
enemy exploded mine near the 
right crater of the Ha.irpin. lZ.I.'s 
exploded 2 mines m the saine 
vicinity. These explosions filled 
in out trenches. 
At 9 P m. enemy started heavy 
bombardment on out front, and 
under cover of this raided out 
trenches in the vicinity of Alex- 
ander Sap, capturing one officer 
and 12 O.lZ. Casualties: killed 
3, wounded 5- 
At 6 p.m. ,lZ.I.'s exploded 2 
mines at junction of Rifleman's 
Alley and Alexander Trench, 
destroying Border Redoubt and 
Alexander Sap. Two craters were 
formed, the leit the larger. Out 
bombers occupied the far lip of 
the left crater, and tried to hold 
the right crater, which was round 
to be untenable owing to rifle 
grenades and aerial darts. A 
bom0ing post was constructed, 
and the work of consolidating 
craters carried out. Casualties: 
One officer and 6 men killed ; 
4 officers and 32 men wounded ; 
i Cnlshed ; i shell shock. 
The enemy sprang a mine in 
existing craters at Hairpin; 2 
killed, 4 wounded. 
Intermittent shelling by enemy; 
5 wounded. 
lZelieved by 2nd Royal Berkshire 
lZegiment and proceeded to 
billets at Houchin. O.lZ. r 
Leit Houchin and proceeded via 
Bruay to billets at Dieval. 
Left Dieval and marched via La 
Trieuloye and Averdoingt to 
billets Gouy-en-Ternois. 



July 27--Occoches 

July 28--Autheux 
July 3 o- do. 
J uly 3 I--lXlaours 

Aug. 4--Mirvaux 
Aug. 5--La Houssoye 

Aug. 8--Albert E.7.b. 

Aug. 11-- do. 
&ug. I2--E.5.b.7.6. 

Aug. 14--X.22.a (Peakwood) . 
&ug. 15- do. 

Aug. I6---"B'" area (the Cutting) 

Aug. 17--'«A '' area (Front Line) 

Aug I8--«'C '' area . 
Aug. 19--«'C "' area . 

Marched from Gouy-en-Ternois 
via Honval, Rebreuve and Cau- 
teleux to billets at Occoches. 
Marched from Occoches to billets 
af Autheux. 
Draft of 25 O.R. arrived from base. 
Marched from Autheux a 
Fienvilliers and Candas fo billets 
at Naours. 
Marched at 4-45 a.m. via Talmas 
and Septenville to Mirvaux. 
Marched to La Houssoye xda 
Behencourt. Billets and bivouac. 
Bathing in river L'Hallue. 
Instructions issued 4th platoon 
in each Coy. to be pioneer platoon, 
t 2 and 4 platoons to be full strength 
of tighting unit of IO'S. 3 pla-" 
toons to be weak platoons. 
Fotmd working parties of 4o00.R 
Replaced 9th Black Watch in 
bivouac at ILs.b.7.6. Bde. in Divi- 
sion reserve. 
Brigade in " C " area. 
Found working parties making 
Highland trench. 
Relieved the 9th Black Watch 
" B "' area Brigade support. Dis- 
position: I-I.Q. The Cutting, C 
(less 1 platoon) and D Coy., 
Gourlay Trench ; I platoon C 
Coy. and 1 Lewis gun, Villa Keep ; 
A Coy. Contalmaison; B Coy. 
Cutting Contalmaison XI7.A. 
Received orders from Brigade to 
attack next moruing. 
Attacked Switch tlbow. Re- 
lieved by 8th Seaforths during 
the night and eady morning. 
Casualties; killed 4 officers, died 
of wounds I, wounded 9; O.R., 
4 ° killed, 4 died of wotmds, 9 
missing believed killed, missing 7, 
missing believed wounded 7, 
wounded 16o. 
In Brigade reserve---reorganising. 
Found working parties. O.R. 
killed 2, wounded 3. 

Aug. 2o"B'" area . 

Aug. 2I--"B'" area . 
Aug. 22--"A'" area . 

Aug. 23-- do. 

Aug. 24--Scotts Redoubt 

Aug. 26--" 12 " area 

Aug. 28--" 13 '" area 

Aug. 29--" 13 " area 
Aug. 3o--Bivouac O.13.1 



Replaced 8/Ioth Cordons in Bri- 
gade support. I-Ieavy gas shelling 
by enemy. 
lound working parties. Casu- 
alties 6 wounded. 
Relieved 8/ioth Gordons front 
line. Disposition : A Coy.-- 
platoons Gourlay trench, 2 pla- 
toons Lancashire trench ; 13 Coy. 
Gourlay trench ; C Coy.--Cameron 
trench, between Cordon Alley 
and Gloucester Alley with supports 
in Highland trench; I) Coy.-- 
Cameron trench between Gordon 
Alley and Munster Alley, with 
supports in Butterworth trench. 
I-I.Q. in Courlay trench. Com- 
menced construction of 6 strong 
points in front of tront line during 
the night. Casualties :--killed 4, 
died of wounds I, wounded 7- 
5 of strong points completed and 
occupied. O.R. 3 killed, 3 
In Brigade reserve. Relieved by 
9th Black Watch replacing 8/Ioth 
Gordons in Scotts Redoubt. 
loun working parties. 
Replaced 8/ioth Gordons in '" C " 
Battalion area 4.30 a.m.;in new 
position by 6.30 a.m. C and D 
Coys.; A and B Coys. 7 a.m. 
Disposition: C and I) Coys. Con- 
talmaison ; A and B Coys. X22.b. 
lound working parties. 
In Brigade support. Replaced 
8/Ioth Gordons A Coy. and 13 
(less one platoon) Gouday trench 
(one platoon B Coy. keep Contal- 
maison), 12 Coy. Contalmaison 
and I) Coy. Cutting. Wiring 
party Highland trench. O.R. r 
killed, I wounded. 
laarty completes wiring tIighland 
trench. O.R. r wounded. 
Brigade moved into I)ivisional 
Reserve. Relieved by 24th 1Vorth. 
umberlan Fusiliers and occupied 
bivouac af O.B.I trench X.26.d. 
O.R. 2 wounded. 

I8 4 


Sept. 5Front Line IOght 
Brigade Area 

Sept. 6-- do. 
Sept. 7--O.G.r between S.7.c.2.I. 
and S.r 4. a.5.6 

Sept. io--" ]3 "" area 

Sept. II--Front Line Sander- 
son Trench . 

Sept. i3--Bivouac E-7 Central 

Sept. z4---Shelter Birch and 
Kound-XVoods . 

Battalion relieved I2th H.L.I. and 
Ioth Scottish IZifles in front line. 
IZight Brigade. Support. ]3 Coy. 
left front Swansea trench, D 
Coy. I platoon Intermediate 
trench, I platoon Quarry, 2 
platoons Mill Street; A Coy. 
IZight front Bethel Sap, Clarkes 
trench and strong point; C Coy. 
support Argyle Alley Chester 
Street. H.Q. in the Quarry. 
Killed 2, wounded 4- 
Battalion moved into position 
O.G.I from S.7.C.2.I. to S.I4.a.3.6. 
(behind B azentin-le-Petit-Wood), 
being relieved by 8th Seaforths. 
Disposition: from left to right 
D,B,C, (less I platoon) and A Coys. 
I platoon C Coy. and 4 Lewis guns 
relieved the garrison of the keep 
held by D Coy. 8th Seaforths at 
about Point S.7.b.4.8. Casualties 
--killed I, wounded io. 
Relieved by "' B '" Battalion I49th 
Infantry ]3rigade and '" ]3 "' Bat- 
talion I59th Infantry Brigade, and 
moved into " ]3 " area. A and C 
Coys., Cutting, ]3 and D Pearl 
Alley, H.Q. Peakewood. Casual- 
ties--vounded 6. 
Relieved the 8]oth Gordons in 
the front line. Disposition: A 
Coy., 2 platoons Sanderson trench, 
2 platoons tgg trench and 6th 
Avenue, C Coy., 2 platoons front 
line to Pioneer trench, 2 platoons 
near Villa wood, ]3 Coy. Koyli 
trench. Casualties : Ofl$cers I 
wounded ; O.IZ. killed 3, wounded 
14 . 
IZelieved by 617th R.S.F. and 
proceeded via Contalmaison, 
Scotts IZedoubt, Becourt Wood, 
Albert, Albert-Amiens IZoad to 
bivouacs at E-7 Central. 
Battalion moved into Brigade 
reserve at Shelter-Wood, Birch- 
rood, Round-XVood. 

Sept. ISnKoyli Trench 

Sept. 19nBivouac E.5.b. and 

Sept. 2oFranvillers 
Sept. 22-- do. 
Oct. 6--Becourt-Wood . 

Oct 8Crescent Alley 

Oct lIFront Line 

Oct. 13Crescent Alley 

Oct. 14hContalmaison Cutting 
Oct. I9--Right Section Front 

DIARY. 185 
Brigade support. Disposition : 
D Coy. Haro trench, A Coy. ]gg 
trench, C Coy. l,ost trench and 
part of 8anderson trench, B Coy. 
Tangle trench. H.Q. junction of 
Koyli trench and W'elch trench. 
Battalion relieved by 8th Yorks 
23rd Division on night of ISth, 
and morning of Igth rested in 
Bivouac (E.5.b.), afterwardspro- 
ceeding to camp at Lavieville. 
In billets. 
In billets. 
Brigale sports cancelled and Bri- 
gade moved up to Becourt-Wood 
and bivouaced; men's lines in 
cemetery and oflicers on other 
side or road. 
Battalion line. A Coy. O.G.I 
B Coy. Starfish trench, C, D Coys. 
(less one platoon) t'rue trench, 
H.Q. one platoon D Coy. Crescent 
Alley. Casualties :--Officers, 
wounded ; O.R.'s, killed 2, 
wounded 27. 
Relieved 9/Ioth Gordons night of 
iO/ilth in front line. Disposition 
D Coy. on left of Le Sars- 
Bapaume Road, B Coy. on rightof 
Le Sars-Bapaume Road. C Coy. 
Cutting in M.I6.C. A Coy. 
.platoons Tangle M.22.a. 2 platoons 
m O.G.2. H.Q. at M.22.a..i. 
Casualties :nOflicers, wounded 2 ; 
O.R.'s, killed 51 wounded 22, shell 
shock 5- 
lZelieved by 8th Seaforths. A 
Coy. Crescent Alley, B and D 
Coys. t'rue trench Coy., O G.I H.Q. 
Crescent Alley. Casualties :-- 
Oflicers, wounded I, O.lZ., killed 
IO, wounded 17, shell shock 6. 
lZelieved by i2th H.L.I. proceed- 
ing into reserve area. 
"' C " area, relieved the 9th Black 
Watch. Starfish trench. A, C, 
B Coys.  platoons, D Coy. Tangle 
trench, 2 platoons D, Tyne trench 
H.Q. M33.D.4. 4. 

Oct. 21--'" A '" area lront 

Oct. 23--" B '" area 

Oct. 4--Contalmaison Cutting 

Oct. 27'" C '" Area Starfish 

Oct. 3o--Front Line 

Oct. 31--" I) '" Area, lZeserve 

Nov. zBecourt Hill 
Nov. 5--Bresle 
IN]'OV. I0-- do. 

Nov. 2o-- do. 

Nov. 21-- do. 
Nov. 26--- do. 

Dec. I--Albert 

Dec. 7--Camp X23. Central 


lZelieved 8/Ioth Gordons front 
line. Disposition: A, C Coys. 
front line, B Coy. Sunken Road, 
Tangle, D Coy. O.G.2. Battalion 
carried in two day's rations.- 
Relieved by the 9th Black Watch 
moved into "B" area in support, 
A, C Coys. Prue trench,B Coy. Cres- 
cent Alley, D Coy. O.G.I, H.Q. 
Crescent Alley. 
In reserve. Battalion relieved by 
I2th H.L.I. Casualties : killed 
3, wounded 5, shell shock 8. 
Battalion relieved ioth Scottish 
Rifles- A and C Coy. Starfish, D 
Coy. Tyne, Tangle, H.Q. Martin 
Alley. Casualties : 4 wounded. 
Battalion relieved Ioth Scottish 
Rifles in "A" area. B and D 
front line, A Coy Sunken Road, 
C Coy. O.G.I, H Q. 26th Avenue. 
Relieved by 8/Ioth Gordons. B 
and D Coys. Swansea trench, A 
Coy. O.G.I, C Coy. Gourlay trench, 
H.Q. Bazentin-le-Petit. Casu- 
alties: kflled 4, wounded 8, shell 
shock 3. 
Battalion was relieved and moved 
into Camp. 
In Camp. 
Inspected by G.O.C.-In-C., who 
expressêd himself as greatly pleased 
with appearance of Battalion, and 
thanks them for work done. 
Brigade was inspected by Lieut.- 
General Sir vV. P. Putteney, 
K.C.B., I).S.O., Commanding 3rd 
Brigade Sports. 
In Camp. Inspection by G.O.C. 
ISth Division. 
Proceeded via Lavievflle and 
Millencourt to billets. Whole 
Battalion on working parties. 
To camp via La Boiselle and 
Contalmaison. lound working 
parties, lelieved 617th R.S.F. 
about X2]. Central. 


Dec. I6--Shelter-Wood Scotts 
Redoubt lorth 

Dec. 17-- do. . 
Dec. Ig--Acid Drop South 
Dec. 2i--Front Line 26th 
Avenue . 

Dec. 23-- do. 
Dec. 25--Acid Drop Camp 
Dec. 26---Shelter Wood South 
Dec. 3I--Front lZight Sector 

Jan. 2-- do. 

Jan. 4--Support Area 

Jan. 5-- do. 
Jan 7--Pioneer Camp . . 
J an. 8--Scots Redoubt Noh 

Jan. i2--Villa Camp Copse 
Jan I4--Acid Drop 

Jan. i6--Front Line 

Jan. 18-- do. 

In camp. Transport at C Hapes 
Spur. Relieved 8th Worcester's 
at Shelter-Wood Scots lZedoubt 
Found working parties. 
]3attalion relieved 6th Camerons. 
lZelieved 8/ioth Cordons, Right 
Sub-Section C Coy. Scotland 
trench, Warlincourt and Gilbert 
Alleys, A Coy. O.G.I. ]3 Coy. and 
H.Q. 26th Avenue, D Coy. Martin- 
puich. Officers missing 
vounded I, O.R. wounded 4- 
C relieved D, D relieved ]3, B 
relieved A, A relieved C. 
Relieved by 8th Seaforths and 
proceeded by platoons to Acid 
Drop camp south, ioo yds. interval. 
Relieved by Ioth Scottish lZifles. 
Finding working parties. 
lZelieved 6/7th R.S.F. B Coy. 
right front, C Coy. left front, A 
Coy. support Stmken lZoad, D 
Coy. reserve Fiers line. Q M. 
Stores Pioneer Camp. 

A and D Coys. relieved C and B 
Coys. respectively. 
Relieved by 4th Sealorths. A Coy. 
moved to t'rue trench, C Coy. fo 
Starfish, D Coy. to Seven Elms, 
B Coy. to Starfish, I-I.Q. Seven 
Dug new communication trench 
near Spur trench. 
Relieved by 8/ioth Gordons. 
Relieved Ioth Scottish Rifles less 
B Coy. torming ]3rigade working 
party at R.36.e. 
Moved to Villa Camp. 
In reserveæ relieved by 8/Ioth 
Relieved 9th Black Vateh : Right 
Section left Seetor A Coy. on 
right, C on left, B in support, 
3 platoons in O.G.I., one platoon 
I)estremont Farm, D Coy. in 
reserve 26th avenue. 
]3 and D Coys. relieved C and A 
Coys. respectively. 



J an. 2o--Scots Redoubt North 
J an. 24--Front Right Sector 

Jan. 26-- do. 
Jan. 28--Support Line 

Jan. 3o--Pioneer camp 
Feb. I--Becourt Camp 

Feb. 4--Contay 
Feb. I4--Beauval 

Feb. Is--Gazaincourt . 
Feb. I6--Bouque-maison 
Feb. 17--Croisette 

Feb. i8--Moncheaux 

leb. 22-- do 
Feb. 4--Maisieres 
Mar. 2-- do 
Mar. 6-- do 
Mat. r i--Arras 

Mar. i5wFront Line 

lZelieved by I2th H.L.I. Killed 
I, O.R. wounded I officer, 40.R. 
Relieved 6/7th R.S.F. in left sub- 
sector, C Coy. left, A Coy. right, 
B support, Sunken lZoad, D Coy. 
Flers line. 
D and B Coys. relieved A and C 
Coys. respectively. 
lZelieved by 8th Seaforths, A Coy. 
Prue trench, C Martinpuich, B 
Starfish, B Coy and H.Q. Seven 
Relieved by 9th Black Watch. 
Relieved by lSth Australian Bat. 
talion. The 5th Australian Bri. 
In billets training. 
Moved fo Beauval route Herres- 
sart, Le val de Maison Vert, 
Grand Fare. 
Moved here at If a.m. 
Moved here at 8 a.m. 
Moved here less two Coys. to 
Framecourt at 7-45 a.m. 
Moved here at 9.I 5 a.m. via 
Framecourt, Houvin Station, 
Working party of 16 officers; 544 
other ranks sent to Milly. 
Moved here less working party. 
Working party rejoined Battalion. 
The 44th Brigade inspected by 
Commander-in-Chiei at Ambrine. 
The 44th Brigade relieved the 
45th Brigade. Battalion in re- 
serve. 1.3. Sector. Route :-- 
Penin, Tilloy, Hermaville, St. 
Pol-Arras Road. A Coy. relieved 
8/ioth Gordons as permanent 
Garrison oi the Cemetery Defences. 
Men in Arras only allowed out 
between 5.45 p.m. and 9.3o p.m. 
Transport and Q.M. Stores at 
Battalion ielieved 8/Ioth Cordons 
in tight sub-sector of 1.3. sector. 
Disposition : D Coy. Front Line, 
C Coy. 2 Platoons support trench, 
I platoon reserve trench, I platoon 
in billets near H.Q., B Coy. billets 

Mat. 16--- do. 
Mat. 18--Arras, Front Line 

Mar, z9-- do. 

Mar. 2o--Harbarcq 

Mar. 26--Arras . 


Mat. 3I--Front Line 

April 3--Arras, Grand Place 

April 8--Arras Battle 

April 9-- do. 

WAR DIARY. 18 9 
78.79 . Grand Place. CasuaIties : 
Killed, 90.R., wounded 16 O.R., 
died o wotmds 5 ° O.R. 
Cleaning trenches. ]3 Coy. re- 
lieved D Coy. in front line. 
(I). D Coy. raided the enemy's 
trenches between points G.2I.d. 
5.4.-2½.3.-o½.5.-3.5{î. Zero hour 
2.50 a.m. (2). The 9th and I2th 
Division co-operated at zero hour 
by similar raids on their divisional 
fronts. Casualties were : 18 O.R. 
]3attalion relieved in right sub- 
sector 1.3. section by the I2th 
Moved to ttarbarcq at 7.15 p.m. 
lZeserve. Casualties : Killed, i 
O.R., missing believed kflled i O.R., 
wounded i officer, 35 O.R., died 
of wounds 20.R. 
In support. Relieved 9th ]31ack 
Watch and were attached to the 
46th ]3rigade Infantry. 
Found working parties. Casual- 
ries : 40.R. wounded. Transport 
at Duisans. 
Front line. The 44th ]3rigade 
relieved on the right sub-sector 
of the L3 sector. ]3attalion re- 
lieved the i2th H.L.I. A Coy. 
front line. D Coy. 3 platoons 
support line, I platoon reserve 
line. C Coy. in cemetery defences. 
]3 Coy. in ]3illets. 
Reserve. lZelieved by the 8]Ioth 
Gordons and moved into billets 
in cellar Grand Place. 20.lZ. 
In support. Af 11.3o p.m. Bat- 
talion moved out of cellars in 
the Grand-Place, via the sewer 
and communication trenches to 
assembly trench in front of the 
Cemetery. H.Q. in cellars in 
Battalion reported in support 
position ready for attack. At 
5.30 a.m. (zero bout) under in- 



,pril xo--Front Lin« 

April I i-- do, 

tense barrage assaultiag bat- 
talions (8/ioth Gordons on right 
and 9th ]31ack Watch on left), 
supported by 7th Camerons, at- 
tacked the first system of enemy 
trenches. The ]31ack Line gained. 
]3attalion occupied O.G.I. and 
O G.2. 
Af 7.5o a.m. attack on the 
second objective began. The 9th 
]31ack Watch on the left held up 
by the lZailway Triangle, so also 
were the 8/ioth Gordons. With 
the assistance of a tank the 9th 
Black Watch captured the lZail- 
Triangle (]31ue Line). 
Af 3 p.m. received orders fo 
relieve the 9th ]31ack Watch on 
the left. Reorganised in I-Iermes- 
B and D Coys. moved forward, 
2 platoons into I-Iecq trench and 
2 platoons into I-Ielle trench. 
A and ]3 Coys. moved to Cable 
&t I p.m. ]3attalion ordered fo 
proceed to the east side of Feuchy 
fo support the 45th Infantry 
]3rigade. Move cornpleted by 4 
p.m. Relieved by 6th Camerons, 
]3attalion proceeding fo trenches 
previously occupied. 
Af 3 a.m. received orders fo 
occupy part ot the Brown Line. 
A Coy. right front. C Coy. left 
front. B Coy. right support. 
I) left support. ]Hove completed 
by 4 a.m. Received orders fo 
take objective line rmaning 
through I 22.23 24. Af II ara. 
coys. moved from their position 
in artillery formation to the 
attack, moving hall right for 
Orange I-Iill. ]3attalion then 
occupied a system of trenches 
about 1-I.29 Central. Orders re- 
ceived that at 2.5 o p.m. a barrage 
was COXllmencing in Loue-Copse, 
and that af 3 p.m. the ]3rigade 
was fo attack. I)espite heav)- 

April 12 do. 

April 4--Arras . 

April 22--Front Line 

April 23-- do. 



tire Battalion succeeded in reach- 
ing a position running between 
Lone Copse and Monchy. 
At 7.3o p.m. orders received 
from Brigade that Battalion was 
to be relieved by a Battalion of 
the 5oth Brigade. The greater 
portion of the Brigade reached 
Monchy. The men of the Bat- 
talion in and around ]FIonchy 
ordered to place themselves under 
the command of the C.O. Essex 
Yeomanry, then in charge of tlae 
defences of Monchy. 
At 3.3o a.m.O.C.'s Coys. ordered 
fo link up with the 8/ioth Gordons 
and to form a line about ioo yards 
in front of the Sunken lZoad. This 
movement completed relieved by a 
company of the Worcester lZegi- 
ment. Battalion moved back fo 
Helle trench, arriving there about 
5.3 o a.m., where it remained till 
3 p.m., when it moved back into 
billets at Arras. 23 officers and 
521 men proceeded to attack, ii 
officers and 346 men returned. 
Therefore the total casualties 
were 12 officers and 175 men. 
In reserve. 4 O.lZ. killed, 2 
oflïcers and 21 O.lZ. wounded, 
I O.lZ. missing. Z)ied of wounds 
I O.lZ. Casualties during the 
operations during 9/I2th April, 
killed 5 officers, 19 O.lZ. Wounded, 
7 officers and 128 O.lZ. Lissing 
24 O.lZ. 
B attalion relieved 8/ioth Gordons, 
taking over the Left Sub-Section, 
leaving the Grand Place billets 
at 6.3o p.m. lZoute via St. 
Saveur, Tilloy, lXl.I5.d.7.9, lXI.I6. 
C.i.8. and tlaence by 
trolley line to front line. Dis- 
position: A Coy. on right. I) 
Coy on left. C Coy. in support 
about lXl.iI.a.2.6. B OEy. in 
reserve, and H.Q. about N.II.a. 
5.2. O.lZ. killed 3, wounded I. 
The I5th Division attacked the 


April 24mArras Front Line 

April 25-- do. 

April 26--- do. 

enemy, their objective being the 
Blue Line Bridge af O.14 Central 
fo 0.8 Central fo small wood in 
Af zero hour 4.45 a.m., under 
an intense barrage, the Battalion 
attacked the front line trench. 
At Bullet trench we captured 
about 4o prisoners and a 
machine gtm at N.IS.b.9.8. 
Finding ourselves out of touch, 
we dug ourselves in. At 5-45 
a.m. the centre of the Battalion 
moved up, fortifying a post about 
the sunken lZoad (N.IS.b.9.5.} 
At lO.3O a.m. the trench up to 
the Cambrai lZoad was cleared. 
At mid-day, under a new barrage, 
we were enabled to push forward, 
forming a new post about N.I3.a. 
2.6, probably part of ttammer 
trench. At 6 p.m. the 46th 
Brigade advanced through us, 
enabling out Lewis Guns to do 
good work as the Germans retired 
from the trenches. 
At 2 a.m. after reorganisation the 
B attalion moved back to behind 
the Brown line, Central, 
the 44th Brigade becoming sup- 
Battalion relieved the Ioth Scot- 
tish Rifles in front line from 
Cambrai Rond to about 300 yards 
sonth, the Coys. from left to right 
being C, D, B and A Coys. 
At IO.3O a.m. the 44th Brigade 
advanced to the attack, one 
objective being Cavalry Farm and 
the German trenches to the east 
of it. The advance was ruade in 
2 waves, A and B in first wave, 
and C and D Coys. in second wave, 
2o yards between waves. The 
advance reached the faim without 
much difficulty, where they round 
the trench very strongly held, and 
at the saine rime a machine gun 
opened tire on the left, coming 
from the trenches which the 46th 


April 2 7- do. 

April 28-- do. 

April 29--Simincourt 

April 30-- do. 
May i-- do. 
]ay 7-- 

May 8--Grand lZullecourt 

vlay 2i--Vacqueril le Boucq 

13rigade had failed to capture. 
The Battalion was forced to with- 
draw, leavig a strong point on 
the German line and another 
small post to the east of the farm. 
The remainder withdrew fo our 
original position. 
About 2 a.m. orders were received 
fo try and reorganise the attack. 
This idea was given up when if 
was learnt that the 46th 13rigade 
on our leCt had failed to attain 
their objective. Officers and 
patrols were sent out to try and 
establish posts to lik up with the 
131ack Watch, who had advanced 
and ruade posts. This endeavour 
failed. At lO.3O p.m. the Bat- 
talion was relieved by the Sea- 
forths movig into support in the 
O.I3. trenches and Shovel trench. 
Support line. The 13attalion was 
relieved from the support line by 
the A Coy. of the 3rd London 
lZegiment af 9.3 ° p.m. Casual- 
ties:--I3 officers and 57 ° men 
went ito action ; 6 officers and 
191 me returned ; the total 
casualties beig 7 officers and 369 
men, of these 64 n.c.o.'s and men 
were killed. 
In test. 13attaliotx moved from 
Arras to Simincourt at 2.45 p.m., 
via Rue St. Aubert, L.29.d. 
Danville, L34.c. Bernville. 
In rest cleaning up, etc. 
In rest. Training vlder Coy. 
arrangements. Casualties in oper- 
ations 23rd fo 28th April. Killed, 
4 ofticers and 78 O.R. Wounded, 
249 O.R. Missing 42 O.R. Died 
of wounds, 30.lZ. 
In rest. Battalion moved to 
billets in Grand Rullecourt af 
8.2 a.m. 
The Isth Division was trausferred 
to the XIX. Corps. Battalion 
moved fo Vacqueril af 5.45 a.m. 

lay 22---8t. Georges 

J une 2 I--Croix . 

June 22--1ernes 
June 23--Bourecq 

June 24- do. 

June 26--Steenbecque . 
June 26--St. Sylvestre Cappel'- 

J une 27--Vlamertinghe 

july iVlamertinghe Eerie 
July 2East of Ypres-Menin 

July 3/4 do. 
J uly 5--Pront Line Dragoon 

July 8-- do. 


lX¢oved to St. Georges at 7.30 a.m. 
via Conchy and Wail. Battalion 
¢Ioved at 3.I5 a.m. to Croix with 
 Coy. af Siracourt. Route : Wille- 
man, Oeuf, Siracourt. 
Moved to Peines at 3.15 a.m. 
St. lol-Peines lZoad. 
l%{oved fo Bourecq. C and D Coy. 
with A and B Coys. at tcquedeque 
af 9.2o a.m. 
Major General tt. F. Thullier, 
C. B., C.M.G., assumed command 
of the Isth Division (I7/6/I7). 
Moved fo Steenbecque at 7 
Moved fo billeting area, S.t. of 
St. Sylvestre Cappel at 4.2o a.m. 
Moved into 9th Army area camp 
about 2 mfles S.W. of Vlamer- 
tinghe af 3.I 5 a.m. 
In reserve. 

Battalion moved into Brigade 
support as follows :--C Coy. Hall 
Moon trench. D and B Coys. in 
the Ecole. A Coy. in the Convent. 
H.Q. in the Menin Road 
(xg.d.os.45). Battalion went into 
line 6oo strong with I Coy. Com- 
mander and 3 officers per Coy. 
In support Finding working 
parties. O.R. killed 2, wotmded 8. 
Battalion relieved the 9th Black 
Watch in the left sub-section 
right sector. Disposition : C Co.y. 
in front line {left). B Coy. m 
front line (right). A Coy. in St. 
James' trench. D Coy. 
cotts (I platoon). Pofiize de- 
fences (I platoon), Pofiize Road 
(2 platoons). H.Q. at Dragoon 
Farm. Finding working parties. 
Casualties: Wounded, 2 oflcers 
and 80.R. 
Front line. Patrols. A patrol 
of I oflïcer and Io O.R. proceeded 
at night across No Man's Land 
to the Stables. No enemy en- 
countered. Casualfies : Killed 7 
O.R., wounded II O.R. 



July 9--Vlamertinghe . 

July xo--Rubrouck Training 

July I7--winnezelle 13illeting 
Area . 

July x 8--Toronto Camp 
Brandhoek . 

July ex--Camp at H.x6.a.5.8.. 

July 23--Front Line Railway. 
Dugout at Southlane 

July 24- dt, 

July 2 5- dt. 

July 28-- dt. 

In reserve. 13attalion relieved by 
x3th Royal Scots. Relief platoons 
proceeded independently fo Eerie 
Camp. Casualties: O.R.  killed 
and 2 wounded. 
13attalion marched to Popperinghe, 
trained to Arneke, mazched to Le 
Cloche. Transport by road. 
In test. 13attalion moved by 
route march fo Winnezelle area, 
under orders of 46th lmfantry 
13rigade af 7.30 a.m. Route: 
Esquelbecq, Wormhoudt, to billets 
hall a mlle north of L in Lodge- 
In reserve. Battalion moved at 
x2.3o a.m. to Toronto Camp by 
route march via Winezeele, 
Droglanet, Watou, Popperinghe. 
In support. 13attalion moved into 
support camp at H.x6.a.5.8., re- 
lieving 8th Seaforths. O.R. x 
Front line. Battalion relieved 
8th Seaforths in the right sub- 
section I Sector. Disposition : 
A Coy. in right front. D Coy. in 
left. B Coy. in support (Hall 
Moon). C Coy. in reserve (Ecole). 
H.Q. at Dugout under Railway at 
South Lane. Strength of Bat- 
talion going into trenches: x5 
officers, 342 O.1L.'s. 
A raid on enemy's trenches by one 
officer and x20.1L, captured x 
prisoner and a machine gun. 
The party had one man slightly 
wounded. Casualties : Wounded 
in action (2 gassed), 80.lZ, missing 
x O.lZ. 
No Man's Land was patrolled. 
Casualties: Wounded (i gassed) 
I x O.R., killed IO O.R. 
A raid was carried out upon the 
enemy's front line trenches by 
D Coy. and 3 platoons from A 
Coy. at 7 p.m. under an intense 
barrage. Simultaneous with this 
raid another party of r officer 
and x4 O.R. proceeded from the 



july 29H.i6.d.5.8. 

July 3o do. 

July 3I--I.Io.d.5.I5. 

right of our line in search 
suspected M/G. This party 
bombecl Culvert and Dugout 
(where the suspected machine 
gun was). Both parties returned 
about 7.3o p.m., having inflicted 
many casualties and taken prisoner 
I oflïcer and 39 O.R. with I machine 
gun. Out casualties were slight, 
being: Killed I O.lZ., missing 
20.R., wounded I oflïcer and 
6 O.R. At 9 p.m. the Battalion 
was relieved by the 8/Ioth Gordos 
and returned to camp at H.I6.d.5. 
8. Casualties: Killed 2 O.lZ., 
missing 2 O.lZ., wounded 2 officers 
ard 17 O.R., died of wotmds i 
In reserve. Battalion marched 
to position of assembly of attack, 
being 20 officers and 588 men 
strong. The Battalion was in 
reserve to the 44th Infantry Bri- 
gade. Disposition: A Coy. 
platoons "'A.R.A.'" Dump, 3o men 
"'A.R.B." :Dump (Thatch Barn), 3o 
men Hall Moon trench, B Coy. 
St. J ames trench, C Coy in tIalf 
Moon trench lZight of West 
Lane, D Coy. Hedge trench 
south of West Lane. 
d.5.5. (South Lane). Route to 
trenches via "'F "" Track. 
Brigade reserve. Zero hour 3.50 
a.m. Shortly af ter zero hour 
Thatch Barn dump (A.R.B.) was 
blown up, inflicting considerable 
casualties fo one platoon. This 
necessitated platoon detailed for 
&.lZ.A. Dump carrying forward to 
&.R.C. Dump.. Henry casualties 
among carrymg parties. At io 
a.m. Battalion less/k Coy. moved 
forward into German front system 
and came mader henry shell tire. 
At I p.m.H.Q, went forward to 
German reserve line. At 2 p.m. 
one platoon went forward to con- 
struct a strong point on Black 
Line under lZ.E;, oflïcer, but owing 



Aug. i--German Reserve Line 

Aug. 3uCamp H.I6. 

Aug. 4--Winnezelle 

Aug. 8-- do. 
Aug. 17wBrandhoek Camp 

&ug. 19 do. 

Aug. 2o--Bivouac Camp 

to heavy shelling it had to retire. 
One Coy. went forward into Blue 
I,ine, constructing and occupying 
5 strong points. 
At 5 a.m. the Battalion moved 
forward as Battalions in support. 
Disposition: 2 Coys. in trench 
immediately behind North Station 
Buildings, I Coy. in strong point 
in Blue Line. The enemy counter- 
attacked the right front of the 
Brigade, but they were driven 
back, 4 men being taken prisoner 
and many kflled. We occupied 
the original front line. lelieved 
8/ioth Gordons in front line. 
Battalion was relieved by two 
Coys. of the lIunster Regiment 
and went back into camp. Casu- 
alties during operations : Officers, 
6 killed, i died of wounds. O.R.'s 
12 killed, 205 wounded, 23 missing 
believeà killed. 17 missing be- 
lieved wounded, 23 missing un- 
known, 5 died of wounds. Total : 
7 oflcers, 285 O.R.'s. 
The 44th Brigade moved to 
Winnezelle No. L 2 area by bus 
and billeted in tents. 
Battalion was inspected by G.O.C. 
I5th Division at 9.3 o a.m. 
In camp. Moved to BrandJaoek 
area No. I,.3; route: Watou, St. 
J anister, Biezen Switch Road. 
Match off 12.15 p.m. 
Battalion proceeded to training 
area, 17 , 18, 23 and 24 . Practis- 
ing attack. At 5.3o p.m. Bat- 
talion moved to Bivouac Camp, 
The I5th Division was ordered to 
continue the offensive on '« 2 "day. 
At 6.3o p.m. the Battalion moveà 
to relieve the 8th Battalion 
Worcester Regiment at Pommern 
Redoubt on the night of the 
2o]2ist. After completion of 
relief disposition of Battalion was 
as follows : 2 platoons " A " Coy. 
and 2 platoons "B " Coy m 



Aug 2x/22--Pommern Castle 

Aug 3--Rupprecht Farm 
Aug. 3/24thEerie Camp 

Aug. 25 do. 

Aug. 3o--No. 2 Area XVatou 
Sept. i-- do. 

Sept. --Montennescourt 
Sept. 7--Blanchy Park. 

Sept. x4--Left Sector Trenches 


Pommern Redoubt ; 2 platoons 
"A " Coy. and 2 platoons "13 " 
Coy., and "' C " and " 11) " Coys. 
in shell holes in neighbourhood of 
C.3o.a. and C.29.b. H.Q. in 
Pommern Redoubt 
At zero hour 4.45 ara. on the 
22nd, disposition of Battalion 
was: A Coy. on right front; B 
Coy left front ; C Coy. right and 
support ; 11) Coy. left and sup- 
port. The attack was launched 
and the Battalion advanced to a 
line about 2oo west of I-Iill 35, 
where it was held up owing to 
heavy tire. Further advance was 
impossible. On the night of the 
22nd/23rd August, 13attalion was 
relieved by the 9th 131ack Watch. 
After relier 13attalion proceeded 
to Rupprecht Farm. 
13attalion relieved by 8]ioth 
Gordons and proceeded to Eerie 
Camp, reaching if about 6 a.m. 
Casualties 2oth to 24th August: 
Killed 4 officers, 3o O.R. ; wounded 
5 officers, 132 O.R. 
13attalion rnoved to Watou No. 2 
training area at 2.3o p.m. 
The 44th Infantry Brigade 
marched to and entrained at 
8 a.m. af Caestre, and detrained 
at Arras at 9 p.m., marching 
back from Arras to billets at 
Montenescourt, arriving about 
i a.m. (2/9/i7). 
In test. Company training. 
13attalion moved at 3.45 p.m. 
Route : I.2.C.. 4. St. I)oi, Arras 
Road, St. iXTickolas, and relieved 
the lO/llth I--I.L.I., 46th Brigade 
at Blanchy Park (G.24.b.3.6. }. 
In reserve. !rraining. 
Battalion relieved the I xth A. and 
S.H. 45th Brigade on the ldt 
sector of the Division, right 
sector 13rigade front, flnding 
isolated post J.25.b.1o.25. C Coy. 
front line and scabbard support. 
D Coy., 2 platoons left front, I 


Sept 18-- do 
Sept 23--Middlesex Camp 

Oct x--Barossa Camp 

Oct 2/9--Monchy Trenches 

Oct 13- do 

Oct. 14- do. 

Oct. I7--Rifle Camp 

Oct. 2z-- do. 

Oct. 25Arras 



platoon scabbard support and i 
platoon Welford trench. 13 and 
A Coys. right and left reserves in 
Lancer Avenue. H.Q. in John- 
stone Avenue about ]:I.3o d.I. 4. 
B and A relieved C and D re- 
spectively. Casualties : O.lZ., 4 
killed, 6 wounded. 
Battalion relieved on the night 
22nd/23rd by the 8th Seaforths 
and proceeded fo Middlesex Camp 
at G.i7d.8o.95 neax Arras. Bat- 
talion was in 13rigade reserve. Com- 
pany training and working parties. 
Battalion was relieved by the 
Ioth Scottish lZifies, 46th Brigade, 
and moved into 13arossa Camp at 
2 p.m. Company training and 
working parties. 
13attalion relieved i3th Royal 
Scots, right Sector, Monchy. Dis- 
cPOSition : D Coy. on right front, 
Coy. on left front, B Coy. in 
support and A Coy. in reserve. 
A Coy. relieved C Coy., B Coy. 
D Coy. C Coy. moved on relief 
into Happy Yalley. D Coy. moved 
into support in Musket lZeserve 
and Curb Switch. 
In conjtmction with a raid by the 
Division on out right, 13attalion 
sent out two patrols each con- 
sisting of one officer and 4 O.lZ. 
Of No. i patrol only one man 
returned. No. 2 patrol was seen 
to enter enemy trench but never 
returned. Killed i officer, missing 
i officer and 7 O.lZ. 
lZelieved by 8th Seaforths and 
proceeding to lZifie Camp. Casu- 
alties : 4 O.R. kflled, 6 wotmded. 
Battalion relieved 8]ioth Cordons 
in support. 13 and A Coys. 
Johnstone Avenue, C and D 
Companies Rifie Camp. 
Battalion (less A Coy) relieved by 
i2th H.L.I. 46th Brigade. A Coy. 
relieved by B Coy. Ioth Scottish 
lZifies. Battalion proceeded to 
Oi1 Arorks, Arras. 

Boy. 2--Front Line 

Nov. 7 -- do. 
Nov. Io--Rifle Camp 

lqov. I4--Stirling Camp 

Nov. 8--Oil Works 

Nov. 25--Wilderness Camp 
Nov. 28--Oil Works 

Dec. i--Trenches 

Dec. 8---In the Trenches 
Dec. 13-- do. 

Dec. I7--cole, Arras 


The 44th Infantry Brigade re. 
lieved the 45th Iniantry Brigade, 
left sector Divisional front. Bat- 
talion relieved one Company of 
6/7th R.S.F. and three Companies 
of ilth A. and S.H. Dispositton: 
D Coy. right front, C Coy. left 
iront, B Coy. support, A Coy. 
B and A Coys. relieved C and D 
Battalion relieved by 8th Sea- 
/orths and proceeded to Rifle 
Camp. O.IZ. 2 wounded. 
In Brigade reserve. 
Relieved the 8/Ioth Gordons as 
support Battalion. A Coy. in 
Railway Cutting. C Coy. in 
]Embankment at Brigade I-I.Q. 
B Coy. in Lancer Lane finding 
K.L.M. posts. D Coy. in Stirling 
Battalion in support to 44th 
Brigade. Relieved by 12th H.L.I. 
and proceeded fo Oil Factory, 
Place St. Croix, Arras. 
Relieved 6/7th R.S.F. at Wilder- 
ness Camp in reserve. 
Relieved by Ist Battalion Lan- 
cashire Regiment and proceeded 
to Off Works at Arras. 
Battalion relieved I3th Royal 
Scots in the left ]Div. Sect., front 
line. ]Disposition : A Coy. on 
right front, C Coy. on lett front, 
I) Coy. in reserve. I-I.Q. in 
Candix reserve (H.I2.d.75.I3). 
Inter Coy. Relief C Coy., relieved 
A Coy., and ]3 Coy. B Coy. 
Relieved by i/ioth iordonsi Bat- 
talion becoming support Battalion 
II.Q. at l-l.II.C.7. 9. 
The 46th Inl. Bde. relieved the 
44th Inf. Bde. Battalion was 
relieved by the loth Scotfish 
Rifles and proceeded fo the 
]Ecole des Jeunes Filles at Arras. 
Companies occupied the Moat 
Range for rifle practice and Butte 
de -Tir. 


Dec. 23Pudding Trench . 

Dec. 27--Trenches 

Jan. 2mEcole, Arras 

Feb. 5Trenches 

Feb. 8--Bois des Boeuis Camp 

Feb. i imTrenches 

Feb. I7Front Line 

Feb. 2o--Front Line 
Feb. 23 do. 

Battalion relieved the I Ith A. and 
S.H. in Brigade lZeserve in and 
about Corps Line. H.Q. in 
Pudding trench (H.I6.C.7.5.). 
lZelieved the 8th Seaiorths. B 
Coy. on right Iront, C Coy. in 
centre, D Coy. on lett tront, A Coy. 
in support at Weliord lZeserve. 

The 44th Ini. Bde. was relieved 
by the 2nd Guards Bde. Bat- 
talion was relieved by the 3rd 
Grenadiers and proceeded into 
billets at Ecole des eunes Filles 
at Arras. 
lZelieved i st Duke of Wellingtons 
and part of 2nd Battalion Essex 
lZegiment. Front line. 
lZe-adjustment of Brigade Front 
on night of 8/gth Feb. A Coy. 
relieved by D Coy. 8th Seaforths ; 
B Coy. relieved by C Coy., ilth 
A. and S. H. C Coy. relievedby 
I platoon I3th lZoyal Scots; 
Coy. relieved by 2 platoons x lth 
A and S. tI., B and C Coys. 8th 
Seatorths. On relief, Battalion 
became reserve Battalion in Bois 
de Boeufs Camp. 
Battalion in support relieving 
8/ioth Gordons. Disposition : D 
Coy. 3 pn. Fosse Farm, r pn. 
Brown Line. C Coy. B.C.D. and 
E. Strong Points. B Coy. and 
tt.Q Fosse Caves. A Coy. Brown 
lZelieved 8/Ioth Gordons. A Coy. 
3 pn. Fork lZeserve, I Pn. Saddle 
support, C.H.Q. Pick Caves. B 
Coy. 3 Pn. Spade lZeserve. I Pn. 
Hoe trench, C.H.Q. Spade. C Coy. 
3 Pn. left iront line, I Pn. support, 
C.H.Q. Saddle support, D Coy. 
3 Pn. right iront, I Pn. support, 
C.H.Q. Saddle support. 
Inter Coy. relief. A Coy relieved 
C Coy., B Coy. relieved I) Coy. 
I oflcer and 28 O.lZ. raided the 
enemy's trenches at 3.30 a.m. 
There were no Germans in the 



leb. 23]24--Bois des Boeufs 

March I-- do. 

Mar. 7--Front Line 

MaL IO--- do. 

Mat. 13--Reserve Line • 
far. x@--In Support 

Mat. 22/23-- do. 
Mar. 23-- do. 

Mar. 25--Front Line 

trenches, although 4 were found in 
a saphead. I was killed and 3 
ruade prisoners. Out casualties, 
lZelieved by 8th Seaforths and 
became reserve Battalion. O.R. 
2 wounded. 
Battalion relieved the 8]Ioth 
Gordons, becoming support Bat- 
talion in Les Fosse Farm. A Coy. 
B.C.D. and lE. strong points. 
]3 Coy. 3 Pn. Fosse Farm, r Pn. 
Brown Line. C and D Coys. Brown 
lZelieved in support by the 8th 
Seaforths, and on relier relieved 
the 8/ioth Gordons in the front 
area. Disposition : A .Coy. in 
left support, B Coy. tn right 
support, C Coy. lett front, D Coy. 
right front. 
Inter Coy. relief. A and B Coys. 
relieved C and D Coys. O.R. 17 
lZelieved 8th Seaforths, becoming 
reserve Battalion. 
lZelieved 8/ioth Gordons in sup- 
port Battalion. A Coy. N.r2.c. 
13 Coy. 2 pn. lXI.i2.c., 2 pn. North 
of Fosse Cave. C Coy. strong 
points ]].C.D. and lE. D Coy. 
3 pn. Apple and Pear trench, I pn. 
Gordon Avenue. I-I.Q. Les Fosses 
Battalion ordered to withdraw 
to the Army Line in N.7.a.and b. 
Battalion moved forward to sup- 
port the 8th Seaforths with their 
right on N.8.c.8.o, and their left 
on the Brown Line. This line 
was held with 2 Coys. in front and 
2 Coys. in support. I:t.Q. at 
Shamrock Corner. 
lZelieved by 8]Ioth Gordons. 
Moved forward and relieved 8th 
Seaforths in the front line. Dis- 
position : A Coy. left front, D Coy. 
left support, B Coy. right 
support, C Coy. right Iront, 
H.Q. in N.9.C.8. 5. 


Mar. 281Wanquetin 

April x--Army Line 

April 4--Arras 
April 9--In the Trenches 

April I3--Arras 



Inter Coy. relier. D Coy. relieved 
A Coy., B Coy. relieved C Coy. 
About 3 a.m. the enemy started 
a heavy bombardment. About 
7 a.m. enemy infantry attacked 
and gained a footing in the forward 
trench and commenced to work 
round our left in considerable 
numbers. To avoid being cut 
off D and 13 Coys. retired to rear 
of 13rown Line, here holding the 
enemy attack untfl i p.m. About 
3 p.m. the line was withdrawn to 
the Army Line in front of Tflloy. 
About midnight Battalion with- 
drawn from action and proceeded 
via Arras, Dainville fo Wanquetin. 
Casualties sustained during batfle : 
OoEcers--Killed, 4 ; wounded 3 ; 
missing 4 ; wounded and missing 
4 ; wounded (believed P. of W.) I. 
Other lZanks--Killed I ; wounded 
72 ; wounded (believed P. of W.} 
22; wounded and missing 28 ; 
missing (believed killed) 6 ; miss- 
ing (believed P. of W.) 28 ; miss- 
ing 213. Total--i6 oîcers ; 372 
other ranks. 
13attalion proceeded to Arras and 
were billetted in Petite Place. 
44th Infantry 13rigade relieved 
45th Infantry 13rigade in the line 
near Tilloy. 13attalion being in 
reserve. Formed into 2 double 
One Coy. of the 9th Cordons wa 
attached to the 13attalion, which 
occupied the old trenches in rear 
of the intermediate Army line 
with H.Q. at 9.35.1).15.9o. 
Relieved by I3th Royal Scots and 
proceeded to billets in Petite 
Place, Arras. 
Relieved I3th Royal Scots in 
reserve. B and D Coys. occupied 
the tunnel and A and B Coys. 
the large dug-out at 
13attalion was relieved by the 6th 
Camerons 45th 13rigade, and pro- 
ceeded to Petite Place, Arra$, 



April I8In the Trenches . 
April 2o do. 

April 23/24Berneville 

Aprfl 24 do. 
April 25Auchel 

May 4 Huts, Etrun 

lay 6 do 

May ro/x IIn the Trenches 

May I3/Z4 do 

where work parties were round. 
O.iZ.'s, 7 wounded. 
IZelieved the 8]zoth Gordons af 
9 a,m. 
Battalion relieved the 6th 
Camerons in support. Disposi- 
tion: A Coy. in ]bondon Avenue 
and Inverness Terrace (H.25.d.). 
B Coy. in Blangy Front and sup- 
port lines between Pelves Lane 
and Cambrai lZoad inclusive. 
C Coy. 2 platoons in Tilloy lZe- 
serve (H.3I.b.), I platoon St. 
Patrick's Road (H.3I.a. central) 
z platoon with Coy. H.Q. at Devil's 
Wood. D Coy. in Blancy Front. 
H.Q. Imperial Cave. 
The 44th Infantry Brigade was 
relieved by the 167th Brigade. 
Battalion was relieved by the 
8th Middlesex lZegiment and pro- 
ceeded to Berneville via Dainville 
and Warlus. 
In camp. 
Battalion moved by bus fo Cam- 
blain Chatelain and Auchel at 
7.20 a.m., reaching Auchel about 
I p.m. Transport by roacl inde- 
The 44th Brigade moved to the 
XVII. Corps area 8.30 a.m. 
Marched to Calonne-lZicourt, en- 
trained to Acq, march to Etrun. 
Brigade moved to support area. 
Disposition of Battalion : I-I.Q. 
Portsmouth Camp G.3.b.9.2. B 
and C Coys. in Colinwood Camp 
G.3.b.6.6. D Coy. Cinema I-lut 
G.3.b.8.3. A Coy. Trafalgar 
Camp G.3.d.7.4 
lZelieved ioth Scottish lZifles in 
lZight Sector, Left Sub Section 
I-I.Q. at I-I.I6.d.I.8. 
Battalion took over area held by 
6th Camerons as far north as 
I-I. 17-b-35-6o- Disposition : A 
Coy. from I-I.IT.d.o.8. to H.7.c. 
35.60 (3 platoons),  platoon in 
Cam. Avenue from I-I.7.c.1o.7o. 
B Coy. as at present. Coy. H.Q. 


May I4/I5 do. 
lIay 17--In Support Area 
Stirliag Camp 

May 20-- do. 
May 24--Roclincourt 

June i/2--In the Trenches 

June 6/TthArras 

June Io-- do. 

June iomLens Mardeuil 

H.I6.d.5.2. C Coy. in front line 
from H.I7.d.Io.6o to H.23.a.3o.9o 
(3 platoons). I platoon In a 
cellar at H.I7.C.45.35. D Coy. in 
Pudding Trench (as far north as 
Inter Coy. relied. D Coy. relieved 
A Coy. 
Relieved by 8/1oth Gordons. Took 
over accommodation in Stirling 
Camp. A and C Coys. with H..Q. 
at Stirling Camp. B Coy. m 
Cam. Valiey. D Coy. in celiars, 
and old gun pits Athies. O.R., 
3 wounded. 
2 Camerons escaped from German 
Intenment Camp and came 
through British lines. 
Relieved by I3th Royal Scots 
goiug into Divisional reserve at 
Roclincourt Area. B and C Coy. 
Colliugwood Camp. A Coy. Tra- 
falgar Camp. B Coy. Cinema Hut. 
H.Q. Portsmouth Camp. 
Relieved the Ioth Scottish Rifles 
in left front line. Officers, 3 
wounded : O.R.'s» I6 wounded, 
4 killed. 
Relieved by 4/sth Black Watch. 
Batta]ion withdrew fo Petite 
Place, Arras. H.Q. at Rue des 
Trois Visages. 
The 7th Camerons were amal- 
gamated with the 6th Camerons, 
Lieut.-Col. N. lVladeod, D.S.O., to 
command the new Battalion. 
2I officers and 383 O.R.'s were 
absorbed in the 6th Camerons. 
9 officers and 466 O.l%'s were 
transferzed to the Base 
Formed into a Cadre Battalion for 
the purpose of training American 
Battalions. Establishment : Io 
officers and 60 O.R.'s. Designa- 
tion : 7th Battalion Queen's Own 
Cameron Highlanders Training 
Staff 1 ISth Ifantry Brigade. 
39th Division B.E.F. 
Entra:'ned at Mardeufl at Io a.m. 



June I I--Hazelbrouck 

June x2--Calais 

June 17-- do. 

June 2I-- do. 

Juue 22-- do. 
July I-- do. 

July 2-- do. 

July 26Listergaux 

July 29--watten 
July 3o--Arneke 

July 3 r- do. 

Aug. I-- do. 

Aug 2---St Eloy Area 
Aug. 3-- do. 

and proceeded to Barlin for 
Audruicq Hazelbrouck. 
Arrived Hazelbrouck af 6 p.m. 
(Arduicq at 4 p.m.) Billeted 
there for night. 
Leit Nortkerque-Hazelbrouck at 
9 a.m. and marched to Kodeling- 
hem, Calais, axriving I I a.m. 
Left Kodelingham for camp af 
Calais I3.3F.86.75, arriving at 
Il a.m. Affiliated to 3rd Bat- 
talion I lgth lZegiment A.E.F. 
Started training. 
Lieut.-Col. F. Anderson, M.C., 
late C.O. of the 6th Camerons, 
joined as C.O. of this Staff. 
Training Americans. 
General Pershing inspects Ilgth 
Kegiment af training. 
American Division leaves area. 
Moved camp to a field in Veuse 
Left Listergaux at 3-3o p.m. for 
VlI. Corps Keinforcement Camp 
Wattem by maxch, arriving about 
7 p.m. 
lZeceived orders to receive 823 
O.l. arriving Watten 30]7]28. 
Left Watten af I2.3o p.m., axriving 
Arneke about 4 p.m. In billets 
about 8.30 p.m. Battalion ruade 
up of Black Watch, Seaforths and 
Gordons. I)ropped 35 ° O.K. af 
Cassell to join A. and S.H. Our 
Battalion are reinforcements for 
5ISt Division to be called XIX. 
Corps Keinforcement. 
Left Arneke and marched via 
Cassel fo a staging camp in St. 
Eloy Area, Hazelbrouck. Map 
3 H. 30.85 . 
A and lb Coys. left camp af I p.m. 
and marched fo L.33.C. area where 
they billetted. H.Q., B and C 
Coys. marched to 28 A'24.c.6.6, 
arriving af Io p.m. 
lIoved back fo old Chinese camp 
af Sheet 28.G.i4.A.os.7o. 
Found working parties. 

Aug. 8wLa Cloche 
Aug. io-- do. 

Aug. 13- do. 

Aug. 14--Listergaux 



31o O.R.'s conducted by officers 
left for 5ISt Division. 
248 O.R. conducted by 6 officers 
left for 5ISt Division. Remainder 
of reinforcements entrained af 
Remy Siding for La Cloche, reach- 
ing there af 8 3 ° p.m. 
Cleaning up. 
7 officers and 71 O.lZ. leave for 
5ISt Division, only 7th Camerons 
now left. 
Leave La Cloche and march fo 
Esquebecq, entraining there af 
8.3o a.m. for Audruicq. Embus af 
Audruicq for Listergaux, arriving 
about midday. Received orders 
that the 7th Camerons are to break 
up and proceed fo the 6th Bat- 
talion. Lieut.-Col. F. Anderson 
to command 8th Seaforths. 
Marched from Listergaux fo 
Audruicq and entrain af I 1.3 ° a.m. 
for Isth Division via Etaples. 



THE FIIONTISPIEç'E IX) this volume is a rcproduction of a painting 
by t]ae distinguishcd Var Artist, Joseph Gry. It was com- 
mise.ioned by Evan M. Barmn, Esq., ]xvemess, as a Memorial 
fo the Balt]ion of which his brother, Mjor James Barron, 
seeond-in-command when he fell at tho Battle of Loos, on 25th 
SepWmber, 1915. The incident depicted by the artist is thus 
dcscrib.'d by Mr. John Bttet,an in Nelson's History of the ll'ar 
'" Lieutcna.nt-Colonel Sa.ndilands of tbe 7th merons 
arrived on the Hfll. B¢ing ttm Senior Officer present, he 
took command and planted the headquaers' flag of his 
Bal.talion on the top. It w his business to recl 
of the advance, now lnst in he fog and smoko of the eastcm 
lopes, and to entreneh himself on lho summil. The Rcdoubt 
w&s now out of ottr hands, and the line lakeu rem just under 
lhe ¢ st on llm est, and w& eontinucd north of Loos by 
tho 4iilh Brigade. To retire the van was no light task. 
Two offices, whoee names deserve to be remembered, Major 
h-iehton of the 10th Gordons, and Major Barron of tbe 7th 
Camerons, vohmleercd for t.he desperaîe mis«ion. They 
fell in the task, but the order rea.ehed the st.ragglers, and 
they began to fight their way baek. In the midst of en- 
eimling tire it was a forlom hoFe. and few retunmd 
riti:h lies on t.ho Hill. Ail down the slopes toxvards Lens 
la.y the tartans, ordon and Black, 8ea.forth and 
Cameron, tike the drift teft on lhe shom wben the ride h 
Heproduetions of the pieture, measuring 25 inehes by 12 inehes, 
are on sale as follows :Signed Arlist'e. Proofs, £3 3s. ; Ordinary 
Prints, £1 ls. ; Lut purehasem of this volume may obtain 
Signed Artist' Proofs for £2 2s., 
on filling in naine and address at foot of this pa, and sending 
it, along with a remittee, to 

Mcssrs. 1RoBIT C,XlIçTnEIS & Sos, " Courier " Office, 

A ddress ............................